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Institute of Forest Productivity

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Title: Institute of Forest Productivity


1
Institute of Forest Productivity
  • The Institute came into existence in the year
    1993 with the objective to
  • formulate, organize, direct, manage and carryout
    forestry research and education in eastern region
    of the country, comprising the States of Bihar,
    Jharkhand and West Bengal.
  • The operational area of the Institute
    encompasses
  • Approx. 46,581 km2 forest area
  • 17 of the total geographical area of the country
  • Six agro-ecological zones
  • Eight main forest types.
  • In eastern India, the institute has emerged as a
    premier forestry research organization through
    consistent efforts and hard work of the
    scientists, foresters and technicians.

2
BRIEF HISTORY
  • Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India
    established Directorate of Lac Development (DLD),
    Ranchi on 1st April 1966
  • DLD was attached to Forest Research Institute
    (FRI), Dehra Dun under Ministry of Agriculture in
    1985 and subsequently both transferred to newly
    created Ministry of Environment and Forests in
    July 1987.
  • The directorate was separated from the yoke of
    FRI, Dehra Dun as an independent entity, namely
    Institute of Forest Productivity under Indian
    Council of Forestry Research and Education, Dehra
    Dun in 1993.
  • The institute is an amalgamation of four
    erstwhile centrally sponsored schemes viz.
    Forest Soil Vegetation Survey, Midnapore
    Eucalyptus Research Centre, Midnapore,
    Environmental Research Centre, Sukna, and Cash
    Crop Centre, Ranchi.

3
VISION MANDATE
  • The Institute has a vision of increasing forest
    cover and enhancing forest productivity and its
    mandates are
  • Eco-restoration of degraded lands and mines
  • Research on NWFP including Lac and Tassar
    cultivation
  • Addressing social and livelihood issues
    pertaining to forestry particularly for tribal
    and indigenous groups

4
INFRASTRUCTURE
  • RESEARCH CENTRES
  • Forest Research Centre, Mandar, Ranchi
    (Jharkhand)
  • Tissue culture, soil testing and biochemistry
    laboratories modern nursery facilities with mist
    chambers, agro-net shadehouses and composting
    units seed processing, packaging and storage
    units apart from vast experimental area for
    provenance/ progeny trials and demonstration
    plantations spread over an area of 24.32 ha.
  • Environmental Research Station, Sukna, Darjeeling
    (West Bengal)
  • Equippedwith hydro-meteorological recording
    facilities at Sonada and Sukna in Darjeeling
    district of West Bengal for data recording in
    selected watersheds.
  • Forest Research and Extension Centre, Patna
  • Functioning for providing technology and services
    to the Environment and Forest Department, Govt.
    of Bihar. The institute has been implementing a
    project entitled "Agroforestry capacity building
    in the state of Bihar" under Hariyali Mission.
  • NUCLEUS BROODLAC FARMS
  • NB Farm Chandwa (Latehar, Jharkhand) NB Farm
    Chakidi (Mayurbhanj, Odisha) and NB Farm Hesadih
    (Ranchi, Jharkhand) which have ample lac host
    trees in an area over 145 ha.

5
LABORATORIES OTHER RESOURCES
  • Molecular Biology Laboratory
  • Physiology and Biochemistry lab
  • Tissue Culture Laboratory
  • Soil Laboratory
  • Seed Laboratory
  • LEAD GARDEN
  • Established on an area of approx. 15 acres in the
    campus amidst scenic surrounding at Lalgutwa and
    designated as Lead Garden in Jharkhand, which
    houses
  • 300 indigenous and exotic plant species,
    including some of the rare, endangered and
    threatened flora of the region.
  • Bambusetum with a collection of 47 bamboo species
    from eastern India
  • Medicinal plant garden "AUSHUPVAN" with more
    than 250 species.
  • The garden organizes a number of awareness
    activities and training programmes for promoting
    the cause of biodiversity conservation.

6
MAJOR RESEARCH ACHIEVEMENTS
  • Macro as well as microproagation procedures have
    been developed for important forestry, medicinal
    plant and bamboo species of the region
  • Anthocephalus chinensis, Bambusa nutans, Bombax
    ceiba, Ceiba pentendra Dendrocalamus asper,
    Embelia ribes, Pongamia pinnata, Raouwolfia
    serpentina, Schleichera oleosa.
  • Successful introduction of poplar cultivation in
    the state of Bihar by planting out more than 76
    lakhs plants in the farmers field. Due to its
    massive awareness campaign, this widely
    appreciated project could reach
  • 25 rural administrative blocks, 1,300 villages
    and 34,000 households in Vaishali and adjoining
    districts promoting livelihood opportunities.

7
MAJOR RESEARCH ACHIEVEMENTS
  • Development of forestry-based livelihood model in
    Jharkhand involving community participation UNDP
    sponsored CBNRM project in different natural and
    social scenarios with stupendous effort resulting
    in marked improvement of socio-economical
    condition of the rural people and conservation of
    natural resources. Institute also carried out the
    pioneering work on preparation of Peoples
    Biodiversity Registers.
  • Worked out volume tables for Phasi (Anogeissus
    acuminata) tree, which is religiously associated
    with peoples of Odisha. The phasi wood is used
    for making chariot wheels of Lord Jagganatha
    during famous Rathyatra festival of Puri. As per
    volume table, a tree of gt45 years was only
    recommended for preparation of chariot wheels,
    conserving the young trees of the species for
    future use and improvement programme.

8
MAJOR RESEARCH ACHIEVEMENTS
  • Precise estimation of production potential of
    Tendu (Diospyros melanoxylon) leaves for
    formulation of socio-economic strategy for the
    forest fringe dwellers, who obtain their
    livelihood through the activity.
  • Excelled in promotion of scientific cultivation
    of lac in the region.
  • Instrumental in the revival of lac cultivation
    through demonstration of lac cultivation on
    Flamengia spp.
  • An alternative lac host with manageable short
    height and gestation period
  • Economic returns of Rs. 1,50,000-2,00,00 per year
    on their fallow land.
  • Widely acclaimed Khunti model of Integrated land
    development.

9
MAJOR RESEARCH FUNDINGS
  • Agroforestry component of Samudai Adharit
    Samanvit Van Prabandhan Evam Sanrakhan Yojona
    (SASVPSY) under Sam Vikas Yojna of Bihar State
    (P.I. Director, IFP Total Outlay Rs. 1893.76
    lacs)- Planning Commission of India.
  • Biodiversity Conservation through Community based
    Natural Resource Management in the state of
    Jharkhand (P.I. R. Das Total Outlay Rs.277.28
    lacs)- UNDP GOI CCF II.
  • Green Belt Development at Chandrapura Thermal
    Power Station. ( P.I. Director, IFP Total Outlay
    Rs. 73.03 lacs)- Damodar Valley Corporation.
  • Improvement of Infrastructural facilities in the
    Botanical Garden of IFP Ranchi as Lead Garden in
    Jharkhand for ex situ conservation of rare and
    endangered plant species P.I. Dr. Sanjay Singh,
    Scientist-E.Total Outlay Rs. 44.00 lacs-
    MoEFCC, GoI New Delhi
  • Estimation of Kendu (Diospyros melanoxylon)
    leaves production in Jharkhand PI Dr. Sanjay
    Singh, Scientist-E. Total Outlay Rs. 30.00
    Lacs- JSFDC, Ranchi
  • Silvicultural studies of Phasi (Anogeissus
    acuminata) in Odisha PI Dr. Sanjay Singh,
    Scientist-E. Total Outlay Rs. 22.00 Lacs-
    OFSDP, Bhubaneswar

10
PAPER PUBLISHED IN HIGH IMPACT JOURNALS
Sl No. Research Paper Journal name Impact Factor
1 S.A. Ansari and Pramod Kumar (1994) IAA synergism and vit B1 antagonism with calcium for induction and growth of adventitious roots in branch cuttings of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Indian J. Exp. Biol. 32 441-442. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 0.753
2 S.A. Ansari, K. Palanisamy and Pramod Kumar (1995) Peroxidase and nitrate reductase activity in relation to rhizogenesis in Populus deltiodes Marsh. Indian J. Exp. Biol. 33 892-893. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 0.753
3 S.A. Ansari, Pramod Kumar and B.N. Gupta (1995) Root surface area measurements based on nitrite adsorption ad desorption. Plant and Soil 175 133-137. Plant and Soil 3.235
4 S.A. Ansari, S. Kumar and K. Palanisamy (1996) Peroxidase activity in relation to in vitro rhizogenesis and precocious flowering in Bambusa arundinacea. Curr. Sci. 71 358-359. Current science 0.833
5 K. Palanisamy, S.A. Ansari, Pramod Kumar and B.N. Gupta (1998) Adventitious rooting in shoot cuttings of Azadirachta indica and Pongamia pinnata. New Forests 16 81-88. New Forests 1.783
6 Yogeshwar Mishra, P.K. Rana, Fatima Shirin and S.A. Ansari (2001) Augmenting in vitro shoot multiplication by Vipul (triacontanol) and adventitious rhizogenesis by rice bran extract in Dendrocalamus strictus. Indian J. Exp. Biol. 39165-169. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 0.753
7 R.K. Verma, Pramod Kumar and S.A. Ansari (2001) Comparative physiomorphological performance of half-sib seedlings of the teak clones under sub optimal and optimal arbuscular mycorrhizal condition. J. Tropical Forestry Science 13423-433. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 0.667
8 S.A. Ansari, Sanjay Singh and Abha Rani (2004) Inorganic salts influence IAA Ionization and adventitious rhizogenesis in Pongamia pinnata. J Plant Physiol.161 117-120. Journal of Plant Physiology 2.77
9 Sanjay Singh, Pramod Kumar and S.A. Ansari (2004) A simple method for large scale propagation of Dendrocalamus asper. Scientia Horticulturae 100 251-254. Scientia Horticulturae 1.504
10 Anita Tiwari, Pramod Kumar, Sanjay Singh and S. A. Ansari (2005) Carbonic anhydrase in relation to higher plants. Photosynthetica 43 1-11. Photosynthetica 1.007
11 Sanjay Singh, A.S. Bhandari and S. A. Ansari (2006) Management of stock plant hedging for optimizing rejuvenation and adventitious rhizogenesis in Tectona grandis. New Forests 31 91-96. New Forests 1.783
12 Anita Tiwari, Pramod Kumar, Pravin H. Chawhaan, Sanjay Singh and S.A. Ansari. (2006) Carbonic anhydrase in Tectona grandis (L.f.) Extraction, kinetics, stability, isozyme and relationship with photosynthesis. Tree Physiology 26 1067-1073. Tree Physiology 3.405
13 C. Narayanan, S.A. Wali, N. Shukla, R. Kumar, A.K. Mandal and S.A. Ansari (2007) RAPD and ISSR markers for molecular characterization of teak (Tectona grandis L.f.) plus trees. J. Trop. For. Sci. 19 218-225. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 0.667
11
PAPER PUBLISHED IN HIGH IMPACT JOURNALS
Sl No. Research Paper Journal name Impact Factor
13 C. Narayanan, S.A. Wali, N. Shukla, R. Kumar, A.K. Mandal and S.A. Ansari (2007) RAPD and ISSR markers for molecular characterization of teak (Tectona grandis L.f.) plus trees. J. Trop. For. Sci. 19 218-225. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 0.667
14 S.A. Ansari and Sanjay Singh (2008) Genetic difference in adventitious rhizogenesis in Albizia procera Benth. with IBA treatment. J. Forest Res. 1379-82 Journal of Forest Research 1.009
15 Yogeshwar Mishra, Pradeep Kumar Patel, Suman Yadav, Fatima Shirin and S.A. Ansari (2008) A micropropagation system for cloning of Bambusa tulda Roxb. Scientia Horticulturae 115315-318. Scientia Horticulturae 1.504
16 C. Narayanan, S.A. Wali, N. Shukla, R. Kumar, A.K. Mandal and S.A. Ansari Comparative efficacy of different DNA extraction methods for PCR-based assay in Tectona grandis L.f. Indian J. Biotech 7 137-140. Indian Journal of Biotechnology 0.510
17 A.K Sarkar, Ekta Rai, Syed Naseer Shah, Sulochna Boudhha and S. A. Ansari (2010) Morpho-physiological changes during in vitro direct adventitious shoot regeneration from leaflet explants of Albizia procera Benth. New Forest 40 323334. New Forests 1.783
18 Pramod Kumar, Surendra Kumar Jharia and S.A. Ansari (2011) Change in pH regimes and adventitious root induction in semi-hardwood cuttings of Gmelina arborea Roxb. Plant Growth Regulation 65531-536. Plant Growth Regulation 1.625
19 S. A. Ansari, C. Narayanan, Syed Arif Wali, Randhir Kumar, Nidhi Shukla and Suresh Kumar Rahangdale (2012). ISSR markers for analysis of molecular diversity and genetic structure of Indian teak (tectona grandis L.f.) populations. Ann. For. Res. 5511-23 Annals of Forest Research 0444
20 Vivek Vaishnaw, Naseer Mohammad, Syed Arif Wali, Randhir Kumar, Shashi Bhushan Tripathi, Madan Singh Negi and S. A. Ansari (2014) AFLP markers for analysis of genetic diversity and structure of teak (Tectona grandis) in India. Can J. For. Res. DOI 10.1139/cjfr-2014-0279. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 1.657
21 Sanjay Singh and S. A. Ansari (2014). Callus formation impedes adventitious rhizogenesis in air layers of broadleaved tree species. Annals of Forest Research 57 47-54. Annals of Forest Research 0.444
22 Sinha, A. and Akhtar, S. (2008). Nodal bud culture in Schleichera oleosa aseptic culture establishment, explant survival and influence of plant growth regulators. Indian J Genet. And Plant Breeding, 68(2)219-221. Indian Journal of Genetics Plant Breeding 0.194
23 Arvind Kumar, Supriya Kumari and C.P. Singh (2010). Incidence of Myzus persicae Sulzer and Tricentrus bicolor Dist. on ashwagandha, Withania somnifera. J. Insect Science. 23 (4) 359-363. Journal of Insect Science 0.921
24 Arvind Kumar (2014) The lace bug Cochlochila bullita (Stål), a destructive pest of Ocimum sanctum in Jharkhand, India, Phytoparasitica, 42, 295-302 Phytoparasitica 0.675
12
TECHNOLOGIES DEVELOPED
Air layering for cloning elite genotypes of Kadamb (Anthocephalus chinensis)
The process developed has potential for cloning elite genotypes of Kadamb( 10-15 years old). The healthy twigs are girdled during July-August, removing about 3-4 cm bark all around to which a combination of 500 ppm indole-3-butyric acid and 500 ppm thiamine- HCl was administered with the help of cotton before covering with soilrite and black polythene sheet. After 45 days, gt80 treated air layers recorded root development. The procedure ensures clonal propagation of desired elite material of Anthocephalus chinensis. The technique is simple, economical and space saving as no separate cloning area, controlled environmental conditions and intermittent misting are required.
13
TECHNOLOGIES DEVELOPED
Cleft grafting in Kusum (Schleichera oleosa)
Rootstocks used were young healthy seedlings of Kusum, 30-50 cm tall with a stem diameter about the thickness of a pencil, i.e. 5 mm. Scions collected from tree having age between 8 - 20 years. Scions prepared from young twigs with 8-12 mm diameter, taking semi-hard wood portion below 10-15 cm from the tip. Scions were cut to a length of 15-20 cm of semi-hardwood portion only leaving the petioles intact on the scion. The basal end of which was cut to a wedge approximately 1.5 cm long. The rootstock was decapitated at a level where the diameter was approximately equal to that of the scion. A split was made in the rootstock, the scion was inserted. The graft union was tied with polythene tape, covered with plastic bag and kept under shade . A success rate of about 60 per cent graft was obtained. The best time of grafting was between mid of June to mid of August.
14
TECHNOLOGIES DEVELOPED
Cost effective in vitro propagation of Embelia ribes
Immerse explants for 5-10 min in 2 Cetrimide solution and make free from detergent by 3-4 washings with distilled water. Treat for 10-15 min with 0.2 (w/v) Bavistin solution followed by rinsing with distilled water. Treat explants with 0.2 (w/v) ascorbic acid for 1 h in deep freezer. Surface sterilize by a quick dip in 70 alcohol followed by dip in 0.1 aqueous mercuric chloride solution for 5-7 min. Rinse three times with sterilized distilled water in laminar flow hood. The sterilized explants were inoculated in semisolid MS medium supplemented with antioxidants for 4 weeks. Excise sprouted bud from explants and transfer them to semisolid MS medium supplemented with BA (13.3 µM) to yield 3-4 shoots in 4 weeks, which were subsequently proliferated in several subculture cycles in semisolid MS medium supplemented with BA (13.3 µM). The proliferated shoots gt2.5 cm were rooted in ½MS with IBA (49 µM) within 4 weeks. The plantlets obtained so were hardened for 4 weeks in poly-tunnels, then transferred to polybags and kept under 50 shades for 8 10 weeks.
15
CASE STUDIES
  • Integrated land development in forest fringe
    villages the Khunti model
  • Model adopted in 10 forest fringe villages in
    tribal dominated areas of Jharkhand under a UNDP
    sponsored project achieved remarkable success in
  • Sustainable livelihood promotion and conservation
    of natural resources, checking migration of rural
    mass to outside state for employment and
    disassociating young people from Maoist and naxal
    activities.
  • The rural folk revived the traditional practice
    of lac cultivation with scientific and technical
    support of the institute.
  • The model encouraged large scale lac cultivation
    on new host plant Flemingia semialta in farmers
    fields to reap financial benefits to the tune of
    Rs 70,000- 90,000 per family annually.
  • The intervention reduces the gestation period to
    1 year and facilitates intensive management for
    enhanced crop yield.

16
CASE STUDIES
  • From migrant to saviour of the forest A life
    reformed
  • Etwa Munda migrant labourer used to cut wood from
    the forest and sell to meet his livelihood needs.
  • With financial support and capacity building
    under UNDP sponsored project his life has been
    transformed completely.
  • Integrated land management has helped him year
    round income from multiple cropping and lac
    cultivation.
  • Etwa is now an active member of the Jungle
    Bachao Samiti and he along with his team members
    protects 15 acres of jungle.

17
CASE STUDIES
  • Barricading water for prosperity Rock filled
    dams in Palamu
  • Palamu area of Jharkhand has serious problem of
    draught and insurgency.
  • The water availability is limiting factor for
    crop production and reduction in forest
    dependency.
  • However, a perennial water stream flows in the
    area which usually dries in the summer time. The
    village community decided to slow down the flow
    of water in the stream aiming at enhanced
    percolation of water in the soil.
  • This activity changed the lifestyle of the local
    people with increase in household income due to
    ensured irrigation for summer cropping.

18
CASE STUDIES
  • Enabling vulnerable groups through lift
    irrigation
  • Small village of Sarwaha in Churchu block of
    Ramgarh district consisted of 364 household
    occupying a total area of 987 ha. It is a
    midstream village in Bokaro River sub basin, far
    from the functional mining zone. Its population
    of 2,049 individuals is dominated by Scheduled
    Tribes (51).
  • As livelihood promotion strategy, a lift
    Irrigation unit was installed beside the river to
    help the community to better manage their water
    resource. A forward linkage was established by
    creation of vermicompost unit to nurture
    vegetables and other crops by organic fertilizer.
  • Only 3 land was used for cultivation prior to
    implementation of activity whereas now it has
    increased up to 45 to 50.

19
CASE STUDIES
  • Minimizing Man-Animal Conflict
  • Betla Tiger Reserve in Barwadih block of Latehar
    district in Palamu is known for migratory route
    of wild elephants coming from Bareshand forest
    zone to Betla and back every year at specific
    times and season.
  • Strategy was adopted to conserve biodiversity and
    avoid man-wildlife conflict.
  • The lift tower irrigation facility was installed
    to improve crop and vegetable production for
    sustained income generation.
  • The activity was strengthened with ex situ
    conservation measure for medicinal plant in order
    to discourage collection/ selling of medicinal
    plants from the forest area.
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