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The United Kingdom

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The United Kingdom History and Government The United Kingdom is a union of 4 small countries:-England-Scotland-Wales and-Northern Ireland The United Kingdom ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The United Kingdom


1
The United Kingdom History and GovernmentThe
United Kingdom is a union of 4 small
countries-England-Scotland-Walesand-Northern
Ireland
2
The United Kingdom History and Government
  • Most British/English are descended from
  • the Celts.
  • Other major groups to come to Britain were the
    Anglos and the Saxonsalong with Vikings and
    Normans.
  • The British have a powerful military
    historyespecially the navy.
  • By 1900, the British Empire covered nearly
    one-fourth of the worlds total land area! It
    has since declined.

3
The United Kingdom History and Government
  • Great Britain played and is still playing a large
    role in many conflicts throughout
    historyincluding both World Wars.
  • The UK is a major US ally in the war on terror.

4
The United Kingdom History and Government
  • Now the UK has a constitutional monarchyit still
    has a king or a queen but Parliament and the
    Prime Minister make the laws.
  • Scotland and Wales now have more control locally
    and may one day seek independence
  • from the UK.
  • Violence in Northern Ireland, stemming from
    religious differences, has plagued the UK for
    years.


Scottish Parliament Building
5
English Culture
  • The Church of England is the countrys official
    churchalthough many citizens belong to other
    churches or faiths.
  • British music and literature are famous around
    the worldperhaps the most famous British writer
    (among many) is William Shakespeare.
  • British music has produced groups like the
    Beatles, Coldplay, and many others.

Westminster Abbey
6
The Republic of Ireland History and Government
  • Natives are descendants of the Celts.
  • The Irish and the English have a history of
    political problemsbecause of religious
    differences and power struggles.
  • Many Irish emigrated to the US in the 1840s
    because of a poor economy and a devastating
    potato famine.
  • Ireland now has an independent government with an
    elected president
  • and parliament.

7
The Republic of Ireland History and Government
  • The Celts left their mark on Irish
    cultureespecially in the language. Most speak
    English, but Irish Gaelic is also an official
    language.
  • Folk music and dancing are important to Irish
    culture.
  • Modern bands include U2 and the Cranberries.
  • More than 90 percent of Irish are Catholic.
  • St. Patricks Day is a national holiday.

St. Patricks Cathedral in Dublin
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