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Religious Groups of Southern and Eastern Asia

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Hinduism Buddhism Part 3 Shinto Confucianism Islam – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Religious Groups of Southern and Eastern Asia


1
Religious Groups of Southern and Eastern Asia 
  • Hinduism
  • Buddhism
  • Part 3
  • Shinto
  • Confucianism
  • Islam
  •  

2
Quick Review of Islam
  • Give me a thumbs up if the word you see on the
    screen is a characteristic of Islam.
  • Give me a thumbs down if the word you see on
    the screen is not a characteristic of Islam.

3
Yahweh
4
Muslim
5
Rabbi
6
Friday
7
Holy Bible
8
Synagogue
9
Qur'an
10
Abraham
11
Christians
12
Caliph
13
Jews
14
Mosque
15
Mecca
16
Religion Members by Percentage Worldwide
Christianity 2.1 billion 33.0 Islam 1.5
billion 22 Hinduism 900 million 14 Buddhism
376 million 6 Sikhism 23 million 0.36
Judaism 14 million 0.22 Bahaism 7 million
0.1 Confucianism 6.3 million 0.1 Jainism
4.2 million 0.1 Shintoism 4 million
0.1 NOTES As of 2005
17
To get us started
18
The Way of the Gods.
19
Shintoism 
  • Shinto is a religion that is unique to Japan. It
    has not spread to other parts of the world like
    Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam.
  •  

20
Shintoism
  • Shinto is based on the traditional Japanese
    teaching that everything in nature contains Kami
    or the spirit of a god. Shinto has no rules for
    moral living and no concepts of a single ruling
    God.

21
  • AGE of RELIGION
  • Believed to be 1000-2000 years old
  • Developed in Japan

22
Holy People
  • No known founder

23
  • SACRED TEXT
  • Kojiki (Record of Ancient Matters)

24
Sacred Text
  • Rikkokushi (Six National Histories)

25
  • MONO or POLY?
  • POLYTHEISTIC
  • Shinto can be compared to traditional religions
    of Africa
  • Ancestor worship
  • Animal worship
  • Nature worship

26
BELIEFS
  • KAMI
  • Kami are spirits worshipped by followers
  • These spirits are found in everythingevery
    squirrel, every rock, every living and non-living
    thing.

27
Shinto
  • The basic ideas of Shinto include
  •  
  • Expected to be reverent (respect) to nature,
    life, birth, and fertility.
  • Physical purity is more important than moral
    purity.

28
  • Many Shinto build shrines and worship their
    ancestors who they believe became kami when they
    die.
  • Since Shinto offers no ideas of a moral code or
    one God, many people who practice Shinto also
    practice another religion such as Buddhism.
  •  

29
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30
Kami
  • Main and most worshipped is the sun goddess
    AMATERASU.

31
  • HOLY PLACES
  • All SHINTO SHRINES are considered sacred places.
  • Every town or city has a shrine dedicated to the
    local KAMI
  • Every home has a shrine where believers worship
    everyday

Ise Shrine
32
(No Transcript)
33
Torii Gates
  • Symbolic gateway marking the entrance to a
    Shinto shrine.
  • The boundary between the sacred space of the
    shrine and ordinary space.
  • Usually two vertical posts topped by two beams
    and painted bright red.

34
Torri Gates
35
Quick CheckThumbs Up or Down?
  • Shinto is commonly practiced all over the world
    like Islam.

36
Quick CheckThumbs Up or Down?
  • Shinto believes in Kami spirits in nature.

37
Quick CheckThumbs Up or Down?
  • Torii are the spirits that are in trees.

38
Quick CheckThumbs Up or Down?
  • Shinto is like Hinduism and Buddhism in the
    belief of reincarnation.

39
CONFUCIANISM
Speak the truth, do not yield to anger give, if
thou art asked for little by these three steps
thou wilt go near the gods. --Confucius
40
  • AGE of PHILOSOPHY
  • This philosophy was developed 2500 years ago
  • 2500 years old (500 years older than
    Christianity)
  • Where did it begin?
  • CHINA

41
Philosophy of Confucianism 
  • Not a religion, but a philosophy
  • Religion a set of beliefs concerning the cause,
    nature, and purpose of the universe, especially
    when considered as the creation of a superhuman
    agency or agencies, usually involving devotional
    and ritual observances, and often containing a
    moral code governing the conduct of human
    affairs.
  • Philosophy the rational investigation of the
    truths and principles of being, knowledge, or
    conduct.

42
  • Thought to be the foundation of modern Chinese
    culture. Like Buddhism and Islam, the ideas of
    Confucianism come from one man, Confucius, who
    believed he knew how to bring peace to ancient
    China.  

43
  • Confucius created a moral structure for social
    life and politics that every person should
    follow.
  • Like Shintoism, Confucianism is based on
    tradition and does not teach about one ruling
    god.

44
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45
Countries where Confucianism is a major
Philosophy
  • China and Vietnam

46
  • FOUNDER
  • Chinese philosopher named K'ung Fu-tzu or
    CONFUCIUS

47
  • MONO or POLY?
  • Neither
  • Confucianism is not a religion it is a
    philosophy about how to live your life

48
BELIEFS
  • Golden Rule "Do not do unto others what you
    would not want others to do unto you".
  • Be loyal and show courtesy to others at all
    times!

49
BELIEFS
  • What is the key to social order and peace?
  • Key to social order peace good character and
    virtue in people

50
The Basic Ideas of Confucianism 
  • Each person has a place in society and they must
    accept their positions so that society can
    function well.

51
  • SACRED TEXT
  • The Analects the teachings of
  • Confucius

--Forget injuries, never forget
kindnesses. --When anger rises, think of the
consequences. --Wherever you go, go with all
your heart. --The superior man is modest in his
speech, but exceeds in his actions.
52
  • HOLY PLACES
  • There are many temples where the memory and
    teachings of Confucius are remembered and
    celebrated.

53
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54
Quick CheckThumbs Up or Down?
  • Confucianism is a religion with a moral code or
    Golden Rule.

55
Quick CheckThumbs Up or Down?
  • Confucianism is older than Shinto, but younger
    than Christianity.

56
Quick CheckThumbs Up or Down?
  • Confucianism believes in the god Confucius to
    tell people what to do.

57
Quick CheckThumbs Up or Down?
  • Confucianism gave structure and guidance to the
    Chinese to help form government and social rules.

58
Now you tell me what you have learned.
  • Draw a Venn Diagram to compare and contrast
    Shintoism and Confucianism.
  • Make sure you have at least four similarities and
    four differences.
  • Write a short essay comparing and contrasting
    these two religions.
  • You should have an introduction, a conclusion,
    and a paragraph for comparisons and one for
    contrasts.
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