Introduction to Psychology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Introduction to Psychology PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 733ccf-MDhjM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Introduction to Psychology

Description:

Introduction to Psychology What IS Psychology? Why should I care about it? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:185
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 27
Provided by: Office2765
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Introduction to Psychology


1
Introduction to Psychology
  • What IS Psychology?
  • Why should I care about it?

2
Textbook Definition
  • Psychology is the science of human nature. Its
    all about studying the human mind and behavior so
    we can figure out why people think, feel and do
    what they do - Johnston, 4, The Complete Idiots
    Guide to Psychology

3
4 goals of Psychology
  • To describe what people do
  • To explain why people think, feel and act the way
    they do
  • To predict what, when and how they will do it
  • To change the parts of human behavior that cause
    us pain
  • Goals taken from
  • The Complete Idiots Guide to Psychology

4
How do we achieve the 4 goals?
5
1. Describing what people do
  • Not as easy as it looks.
  • Why? No matter how hard we try not to, we see
    each other through the filters of out prior
    experiences, our cultural values, and our
    beliefs The Complete Idiots Guide to Psychology.
  • Example After youve been dumped

6
2. Why do people think, feel and act the way they
do?
  • Something has happened to them Psychologists
    look for connections between things that happen
    and how people respond(Johnston,5).

7
3. Predicting what people will do
  • The best predictor of future behavior is past
    behavior. Why would that be useful in everyday
    life?
  • Relationships
  • Problem NOT always accurate. Real life doesnt
    always follow theory.

8
4. Change behaviors that cause pain
  • Psychologists want to help people to control
    behavior so they can run their lives more
    effectively.
  • Therapy
  • Example stop drinking, communicate more
    effectively, cope with memories of a painful
    childhood etc.

9
Lets start to apply some Psychology on ourselves!
  • Think of the most upsetting thing thats happened
    to you in the past 6 months.
  • 1. Describe what happened (think about it like it
    happened to someone else so you can be objective.
    Write down who, what, when, where and how.
  • 2. Explain what happened. WHY do you think this
    happened to you? What is the relationship
    between your own behavior and the situation?

10
Keep on writing!
  • 3. Predict. Has this event happened before?
    Knowing yourself and those around you, how likely
    is it to happen again? How could you respond
    effectively if it did?
  • 4. Control What have you learned from this
    situation? What could you do to prevent it from
    happening again? How could you respond more
    effectively if it did?
  • The Complete Idiots Guide to Psychology

11
We should all know the goals of Psychology by now
  • Lets see how we can apply them to a job like
    Sports Psychologist!

http//www.k-state.edu/counseling/newsletter/sport
shrink.jpg
12
Football
  • Place kicker Scott Norwood practiced kicking
    field goals A LOT!

http//sports.espn.go.com/i/magazine/new/matt_brya
nt_a.jpg
13
BUT when he had a chance to kick the game winning
field goal for the Buffalo Bills..
  • He choked!

http//i.cnn.net/si/fannation/norwood-xxv.jpg
14
Ask the professionals
  • Scott didnt know why he couldnt kick the field
    goal after he practiced so many times.
  • So he went to a Sports Psychologist to find out.

15
This is how the sports psychologist applied the
goals of psychology to help Scott
  • 1. Observe and describe behavior Measured
    Scotts heart rate in and out of big game
    situations.
  • 2. He explained that in game situations Scott
    has increased heart rate and nervousness and has
    too much anxiety to do his best.
  • 3. Then, the psychologist predicted that if Scott
    could control his anxiety he could kick better
    during games
  • 4. The psychologist helped Scott to block out the
    crowd and use positive thinking to reduce his
    anxiety during the game so he can kick more field
    goals!

16
So you see how athletes can benefit from
psychologist help
  • Can you think of other situations where
    psychology can help someone fix a problem?

17
Psychology as a science
  • We have already talked about how psychology is
    NOT an exact science. BUT it IS like science in
    some ways

http//emily.im/wp-content/uploads/2008/05/science
.JPG
18
Like scientists
  • Psychologists follow steps like the ones
    scientists follow to conduct experiments, collect
    data and draw conclusions.

http//www.mghs.sa.edu.au/Internet/Faculties/Scien
ce/Year8/Pics/scientificMethod.gif
19
The difference between science and psychology
  • Is that psychologists concentrate on the way
    individual people think and feel.
  • Thoughts and feelings are unpredictable and can
    change! Other sciences arent as unpredictable.

20
Research
  • Like scientists, psychologists use research to
    study things. Psychologists use research to
    study people and learn more about them.

21
Psychological theories
  • Theory a statement that tries to explain why
    things are the way they are and why things happen
    the way they do (Holt, 6).

22
Principles
  • The laws or rules of nature that psychologists
    may base theories on.
  • For example
  • Principle The more sleep you get, the healthier
    you are
  • Theory The more sleep you get, the happier you
    will feel.

23
Check up
  • 1. How is psychology like science?
  • 2. What is the difference between psychology and
    science?
  • 3. What is the difference between a theory and
    a principle?

24
What Psychologists do
  • You have already learned a little bit about what
    a sports psychologist does. Today you are going
    to learn about other jobs that psychologists can
    do.

25
Clinical or Counseling Psychologists
  • The types of psychologists you see on t.v. are
    usually 1. clinical or 2. counseling
    psychologists.
  • They listen to peoples problems in an office and
    try to fix them
  • Most common type of Psychologist

26
Other types of Psychologists
  • There are also careers in Psychology that you may
    not be aware of. Some of them are listed on
    pages 9-15.
  • HW Read Chapter 1 and choose one career in
    psychology that you are most interested in.
    Write a paragraph explaining what interests you
    about the job and be prepared to share!
About PowerShow.com