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Sport & Physical Activity It s Role in public Health. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Sport

(No Transcript)
Sport Physical Activity Its Role in Public
  • How participation in sport activity can reduce
    alcohol intake assist with smoking cessation
  • Facilitators
  • Gemma Foley
  • Mark Bennett

Who are we? and what do we do?
  • Mark Bennett - Reparation officer for
    Hertfordshire Youth Justice. Qualified Rugby
    Coach, Qualified Boxercise Instructor.
  • Gemma Foley Forensic Adolescent Practitioner,
    Camhs worker for Hertfordshire Youth Justice.
    Qualified Level 2 Exercise to Music Instructor.

Why Run a Health and Well Being Group for Young
Offenders in Herts?
Identifying a need
  • Asset (assessment tool used in Youth Justice)
    identified high areas of need and risk under the
    following areas
  • Drugs and alcohol high rates of alcohol, drug
    use and smoking tobacco amongst young offenders
    in Hertfordshire Area of Watford and Three
  • Physical health high proportion of young
    offenders smoking tobacco.
  • Emotional and Mental Health - High rates of
    emotional, behavioural and mental health

Reasons to carry out a health and well being group
  • Facilitators have skills, qualifications and a
    specialist interest in the area of sport and
  • It was felt that a more practical approach to
    health promotion would improve levels of
    engagement and positive outcomes for long term
    change in this client group.
  • Lots of research highlighting benefits of
    exercise for both physical and emotional

Research Evidence
  • The Joseph Rowntree Foundation Report dated 17th
    June 2011. Study involved 5,700 Teenagers.
  • Young people are more likely to drink alcohol if
    they have little positive activity in their
  • physical activity made young people more self
    aware, proud of there physical health, take
    responsibility for their health and built their
    self confidence and body image. This made it less
    likely for them to engage in binge drinking

Research Evidence
  • The Guardian Newspaper (2008) Study by Positive
    Futures Project.
  • almost half of teenagers questioned in the study
    said they thought more sports and leisure
    activities were the way to divert young people
    from alcohol
  • Psychology of Sport Exercise May (2009) Vol 10
    (3) 381-389
  • Children who spent time in sports had higher
    self esteem scores then those who did not. In
    summary Exercise is a means to promote self worth
    other important physical self perceptions like
    body image

Aims of the Group
  • To Educate and inform the group members of the
    long term and short term health implications of
    using alcohol and drugs (inclusive of smoking
  • To highlight the benefits of exercise on both
    physical and mental wellbeing and provide group
    members with opportunities to experience
    engagement in some form of physical activity.
  • To encourage young people to consider using
    exercise as a coping strategy to manage stress
    rather then using other maladaptive strategies ie
    alcohol, drugs and smoking.
  • Overall Aim To increase Young peoples awareness
    about how to improve and maintain there health
    and well being.

Structure of the group
  • Client group YOT cases (male only) Pilot Group
  • Age 14-17
  • Duration 2.5 hours
  • Location Community resources in Watford and
    Three Rivers District.
  • Session 1 - Introduction to group / Aims and
    rules of the group. Circuits
  • Session 2 - Smoking cessation. Badminton/Table
  • Session 3 - Drugs and alcohol. Boxing.
  • Session 4- Nutrition. Football
  • Session 5 Benefits of exercise on Physical and
    Emotional Health. Circuits

Use of the Rosenberg Self esteem Scale
(Rosenberg, 1965)
  • Used to assess participants levels of self esteem
    pre and post exercise.
  • Tool used for every session with each participant
    to ascertain longer term gains and to encourage
    them to reflect on how they feel following
    engagement in physical activity.

Self Esteem Outcome Measures
Self Esteem Outcome Measures
Self Esteem Outcome Measures
Other Interventions used alongside Exercise
  • Discussions Debates
  • Space to Reflect
  • Use of monitoring Systems Re Self esteem, BP
  • Quiz
  • Obstacle course using beer goggles.
  • Drug box
  • Tar jar and phlegm jar
  • Money and health wheels

Positive Statements!!!
  • Here are some statements made by young people
    that indicate contemplation to change!.

I might join the boxing club again
I could save how much?
Can cannabis really effect your sperm count!!!!
Smoking makes your fingers go yellow!
I am not as fit as I thought!!
Analysis of Graphs/ Future Questions?
  • Is there a significant difference in the impact
    of exercise on self esteem depending on
  • Is there a difference between the impact of
    exercise on self esteem depending on duration of

Development of Group.
  • To progress group across the county.
  • To utilise group across both Genders ( Pilot only
    used with Male clients).
  • To continue collecting Evidence using Rosenberg
    Self Esteem Questionnaire and other outcome
    measure tools i.e. carbon dioxide measures, BP
    and pulse readings.
  • Opportunity to gain AQA Qualifications

Future Considerations/ Potential Limitations
  • How to implement longer term use of exercise
    after group is finished?
  • Affordability
  • Accessibility of services
  • Sustainability (Motivation to maintain by the
    young people)

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