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Introduction to Business

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Chapter 4 Business Ethics and Social Responsibility pp. 48-61 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to Business


1
Chapter 4 Business Ethics andSocial
Responsibility
pp. 48-61
2
Learning Objectives
After completing this chapter, youll be able to
  1. Explain business ethics.
  1. Give reasons why ethical behavior is good for
    business.

continued
3
Learning Objectives
After completing this chapter, youll be able to
  1. Define social responsibility.
  1. Describe the social responsibilities of
    businesses.

4
Why Its Important
Understanding business ethics and social
responsibility informs you of your rights as a
consumer, an employee, and a citizen.
5
Key Words
ethics business ethics sweatshops Occupational
Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) code of
ethics social responsibility
continued
6
Key Words
conflict of interest Food and Drug Administration
(FDA) Equal Pay Act Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA)
7
What Is Ethics?
Ethics is the set of moral principles by which
people conduct themselves personally, socially,
or professionally.
8
What Is Ethics?
Business ethics is a set of guidelines about how
a business should conduct itself.
In general, for any business to be successful, it
must operate legally, ethically, and humanely.
9
Figure 4.1
ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY
Ethics is the set of principles by which you
conduct yourself in society. How often do you
help the environment? What do you do?
Source The NPD Group
10
Legal Responsibility
Sweatshops are factories that pay workers poorly,
are unsafe, and treat workers badly.
11
Legal Responsibility
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration
(OSHA) is a division of the Department of Labor
that sets and enforces work-related health and
safety rules.
12
Legal Responsibility
Other independent agencies protect consumers,
monitor broadcast communications, and address
discrimination in the workplace.
13
Legal Responsibility
Most businesses police themselves by distributing
codes of ethics.
A code of ethics is a set of guidelines for
maintaining ethics in the workplace.
14
Legal Responsibility
Businesses that regulate themselves are able to
operate more freely.
15
Ethics as Good Business
Unethical business practices can affect your
business indirectly.
The amount you make in profits from one unhappy
customer can translate into a lot more lost
because of missed repeat business.
16
Ethics as Good Business
Treating employees unethically can also backfire.
Mistreating employees leads to a high turnover
rate. This increases the cost of hiring and
training new employees.
17
Important Ethical Questions
When considering a questionable course of action,
you have to ask yourself these important
questions
  • Is it against the law? Does it violate company or
    professional policies?

continued
18
Important Ethical Questions
  • What if everyone did this? How would I feel if
    someone did this to me?
  • Am I sacrificing long-term benefits for
    short-term gains?

19
Making Decisions on Ethical Issues
Here are some steps if you find yourself in an
ethical dilemma
  1. Identify the ethical dilemma.
  2. Discover alternative actions.

continued
20
Making Decisions on Ethical Issues
  1. Decide who might be affected.
  2. List the probable effects of the alternatives.
  3. Select the best alternative.

21
Graphic Organizer
Graphic Organizer
Important Ethical Questions
Does it violate the law or policies?
UNETHICAL
YES
NO
What if everyone did this, but its bad?
YES
UNETHICAL
NO
Would this sacrifice long-term benefits for
short-term gain?
MAY BE UNETHICAL
YES
NO
ETHICAL DECISION
22
Fast Review
  1. How do companies benefit by enforcing their own
    codes of ethics?
  2. Why does it pay to treat customers ethically?

continued
23
Fast Review
  1. What are some important ethical questions to ask?

24
Social Responsibility
Social responsibility is the duty to do what is
best for the good of society.
25
Social Responsibility
The ethical obligations of a business are to
  • Provide safe products
  • Create jobs
  • Protect the environment
  • Contribute to the standard of living in society

26
Social Responsibility
A conflict of interest is when a business is
tempted to put profits before social welfare.
27
Responsibility to Customers
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), a
government agency, protects consumers from
dangerous or falsely advertised products.
28
Figure 4.2
OVER-THE-COUNTER MEDICINE LABEL
The FDA governs advertising and labeling of
over-the-counter medicines. Analyze why the FDA
officials might feel that regulation of
advertising and packaging labels is necessary.
29
Responsibility to Customers
Fair competition between businesses is healthy
for the marketplace, but some companies dont
always play reasonably.
30
Responsibility to Customers
Some companies use unethical means to eliminate
competition.
One of the most common means is to conspire with
other companies to control the market for a
product.
31
Responsibility to Employees
Businesses have a social responsibility to create
jobs.
They are expected to provide employees with safe
working conditions, equal treatment, and fair
pay.
32
Responsibility to Employees
The Equal Pay Act (passed in 1964) requires that
men and women be paid the same wages for doing
equal work.
33
Responsibility to Employees
The Americans with Disabilities Act bans
discrimination against persons with physical or
mental disability.
34
Responsibility to Employees
Its in a companys best interest to treat its
workers fairly otherwise low morale, poor
productivity, and a high turnover rate are its
troubles.
35
Responsibility to Society
Businesses have responsibilities not only to
customers and to employees but also to society as
a whole.
36
Responsibility to Society
In 1970, the U.S. government created the
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), a federal
agency that enforces rules that protect the
environment and control pollution.
37
Responsibility to Society
Many businesses plan for their social
responsibilities just like planning for
production and sale of their products.
38
Fast Review
  • Define social responsibility.
  • What is a conflict of interest?

continued
39
Fast Review
  • What do companies adopt in the workplace to treat
    their workers fairly?

40
Why should a company make a vested interest in
nature over its products?
continued
41
How does the consumer pay for a companys
environmentally responsible inventions?
continued
42
What are social issues youre interested in
pursuing?
How are businesses involved?
continued
43
What government agency has a responsibility to
protect society from genetically modified
organisms?
44
End of Chapter 4 Business Ethics andSocial
Responsibility
pp. 48-61
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