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If you could save

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Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: Louise Flinn Last modified by: Louise Flinn Created Date: 3/11/2008 10:25:08 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: If you could save


1
If you could save one thing from a flood,
Skip Intro
2
what would it be?
3
baby photos?
4
home movies?
5
family Bible?
6
What if it was too late?
7
Family treasures can be saved if you know some
basics.
8
Click on the images to learn more about how to
save that type of item from water damage.
After choosing, use the arrow keys to navigate. A
menu of the materials at the bottom of the screen
will allow you to return to the menu or choose
another type of treasure. Highlighted links will
take you to images and resources on each topic.
Books
Videos
Photos
sitemap
restart
Safety
Find Help
Protect
9
Saving Wet Photographs
General guidelines for stabilizing and drying wet
photographs
It may be possible to save water damaged or stuck
together photos but you must act swiftly. Before
you do anything, see if you can locate undamaged
negatives. If so, you will be able to have new
prints made. Prints should be salvaged first.
Air-dry or freeze as soon as possible, since
photographs can be damaged very quickly. If
possible, put wax paper between each photograph
to prevent image transfer and stop photographs
from sticking together. Rinse dirt with gentle
stream of water or immersion with gentle
agitation. Do not touch with bare hands, as this
can damage the surface. Separate from enclosures
or frames and each other. If stuck together or
adhered to glass, soak and separate, or set aside
for freezing and consultation with a conservator.
Do not try to separate photographs while they are
dry.
10
Saving Wet Photographs
If space and time permit, photos should be
air-dried
Allow excess water to drain. Spread photos out,
face up, laying them flat on an absorbent
material such as blotters, unprinted newsprint,
paper towels, or a clean cloth. Don't use
newspapers or printed paper towels, as the ink
may transfer to your wet photos. Change the paper
every hour or two until the photos dry. Hanging
photographs on a clothesline using non-abrasive
clothespins is also an option for air-drying
photographs. You will reduce the growth of mold
and mildew by reducing humidity. Increase airflow
with fans, open windows, air conditioners, and
dehumidifiers. Avoid drying the photos in direct
sunlight. Dry negatives vertically. Hang on a
line with plastic clips placed at the edges.
11
Saving Wet Photographs
Freezing Photographs buys time for conservation
  • Only freeze photographs if air-drying is not
    possible or if they are stuck together the
    formation of ice crystals might leave marks on
    the film. Interleave or wrap individual
    photographs or groups of photographs before
    freezing with a non-woven polyester material or
    waxed paper. You can also place groups of
    stuck-together photos in plastic bags. This will
    make them easier to separate when they are
    eventually treated.Frozen photographs are best
    dried by thawing, followed by air drying. As a
    stack of photographs thaws, individual
    photographs can be carefully peeled from the
    group and placed face up on a clean, absorbent
    surface to air dry.

12
Salvaging Wet Books
General guidelines
Paper will begin to distort immediately mold
can develop within 48 hours. Damp books in warm
humid areas are most subject to rapid mold
growth. Mold is detrimental to books, as the
mold feeds on the paper itself. Properly stored
and undisturbed archival files will be less
quickly affected. Very wet materials, or those
still under water, will not develop mold. Tightly
shelved books will develop mold only on the outer
edges do not separate or open these items until
the environment is stabilized.If books or loose
records printed on coated stock are allowed to
air-dry, their leaves will be permanently fused
together.Do not open or attempt to close wet
books, separate single sheets, or remove covers
when materials are water soaked. Do not attempt
to wash dirt from wet materials.
13
Salvaging Wet Books
General Tips Stabilize the Environment
If necessary, use plastic sheeting or tarps to
protect against further water damage and move
unaffected materials to higher locations to
protect from flooding. When cleaning up after a
flood or water leak, remember that books and
papers don't have to be directly in the water to
suffer damage. The extra humidity from all of the
water in the vicinity is enough to trigger the
growth of mold. It is important to remove these
books and papers from the wet location as soon as
possible, moving them to a location with fans to
speed air circulation and lower humidity.
14
Salvaging Wet Books
Air Drying
Books may take anywhere from several days to
several weeks to fully dry, depending on how
water-saturated the books were. Air drying is the
best method for drying books at home if time and
space allow. To start, set up books by standing
them upright on the head (top) end. Do not fan
pages simply open the covers slightly and let
stand while drying. Stand books on several sheets
of absorbent paper or blank newsprint. Replace
the paper as it absorbs water. Interleave blank
newsprint between some pages. Change the
interleaving frequently and take care not to
distort the book by too much interleaving.
Standing the book in front of a fan is safe, as
long as the air current is not very strong. As
the book dries open it flat and add more
interleaving. When books are almost dry, remove
the interleaving, close the book gently, and
continue drying it under a light weight to
minimize distortion.
15
Salvaging Wet Books
Freezing
If materials cannot be dried within 48 hours,
freeze them until they can be dried, as freezing
will not dry materials or kill mold spores (it
will prevent their growth) but buys
time. Freezing increases the thickness of bound
volumes, but will do no more damage. Once
frozen, items should be stored at about 0ºF.
16
Salvaging Wet Books
After the books are dry
After your papers and books are completely dry,
they may still suffer from a residual musty
smell. To combat this, place the papers in a
cool, dry place for a couple of days. If the
musty smell still lingers, put the books or
papers in an open box and put that inside a
larger, closed container with an open box of
baking soda to absorb odors. Be careful not to
let the baking soda touch the books, and check
the box daily for mold.
17
Conserving Videos
General Tips
Do not attempt to play back wet tapes. Do not
freeze. Do not touch tape with bare hands.
Immediately and gently rinse tapes soaked by
dirty water using only distilled water, as the
chemicals in even tap water will damage the tape.
Short-term exposure to water does not destroy
most magnetic tapes. Do not unwind tapes or
remove from reels or spools. Air-drying is
preferable. Expose tapes to an environment of
cool, dry air. Remove paper inserts and wet
cardboard to reduce the possibility of mold
growth.
18
Conserving Videos
Air Drying
Dry within 48 hours. Otherwise, tapes can stay
submerged for several days. Delay in recovery is
likely to destroy some tapes. Never use heat.
Heat can cause distortion and can accelerate
damaging chemical reactions. In-house drying is
best done by exposing the tapes to an environment
of cool, dry air. Air-dry by supporting cassettes
or reels vertically or lying on sheets of clean
blotter paper. Air movement around the tapes
during drying is important to remove evaporating
moisture but do not direct a strong air current
directly on the tapes. Too strong an air current
can cause tape to vibrate inside cassette shells
and cause tape damage. Allow tapes to dry fully
before storing, as the inside of tape cases can
support mold growth which will destroy the video.
19
Rinse photographs gently to remove dirt. Do not
scrub, as this will grind the dirt into the image.
20
Wrap books in freezer, butcher, or wax paper
before freezing. After the book is fully frozen,
ice crystals can be brushed off and the book can
be allowed to thaw. Freezing does not stop damage
or prevent mold, but buys time for conservation.
21
Book pages act as sponges for the water and make
the book expand. Trying to force the book into
its regular size will damage the book.
22
Dirt and debris on the outside of cases can make
its way inside and settle on the tape reel.
Soaking the tapes in distilled water helps remove
the sediment.
If you open the cases, a conservator may have to
reassemble them. Do not unwind the tapes!
23
Plastic sheeting protects dry surfaces. Replace
absorbent paper when it becomes saturated.
24
Photographs that have become stuck together can
be carefully separated after soaking or freezing.
Photographs in frames can be gently pulled away
from the glass while soaking. Allowing the photo
to dry in the frame will result in the image
being fused to the glass.
25
If you choose to hang photographs on a
clothesline to dry, be sure not to pin over the
image!
26
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27
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28
If mold begins to grow on a book, its best to
consult a conservator, since the mold might be
toxic. Do not spray the books with Lysol or
bleach, since it will not prevent mold growth and
it can be harmful to the books paper.
29
If you have enough space, lay out images on a
flat surface covered with absorbent materials.
The edges may curl, so you can weight the
corners, or wait until the photographs are dry to
press them flat under the weight of a stack of
books.
30
Interleaving just means to place something
between the pages. In this case, youll want to
use blank newsprint as the interleaving material.
Dont worry about placing interleaving between
every page, and replace it as it gets saturated.
31
After interleaving the books, they can be placed
in front of a fan to speed drying. Leave the fan
on a low speed so that the pages of the book
wont become damaged.
32
Simple plastic bags can help keep photographs (or
groups of stuck together photographs) separated.
33
Even after the flood, materials can be damaged by
their surroundings. Covering dry materials with
plastic sheeting or tarps will help to keep them
protected.
34
When photographs are allowed to dry before they
are separated, the image surface is damaged.
35
The light grey shows mold growth- as the whole
tape should be black.
36
Personal Safety
General guidelines
Remember that your life is more important than
any family treasure. Make sure that the building
is safe before you try to salvage anything. Wear
protective face gear or masks, latex gloves and
long sleeves. Wear boots if there is standing
contaminated water. If mold and/or contamination
is present, wear a respirator. Some mold species
and/or contaminants are toxic if any health
effects are observed, contact a doctor and/or
mycologist (mold expert). When cleaning items
with dry mold, make sure the mold spores are
drawn away from you, i.e. by the use of a vacuum
cleaner. Wash your hands with anti-bacterial soap
after handling materials with mold or
contamination. Wash any clothes that touched the
contaminated water in hot water or bleach.
37
Find a Conservator
What to Expect
1. Procedures A conservator will want to
examine the object before suggesting a treatment.
Prior to beginning a treatment, the conservator
should provide for your review and approval a
written preliminary examination report with a
description of the proposed treatment, expected
results, and estimated cost. 2. Cost and
Schedule The conservator should be willing to
discuss the basis for all charges. Determine if
there are separate rates for preliminary
examination and evaluation and if these
preliminary charges are separate or deductible
from the final contact. Ask questions about
insurance, payment terms, shipping, and
additional charges. 3. Documentation The
conservator should provide a treatment report
when treatment is completed. Such reports may
vary in length and form but should list materials
and procedures used. The final report may, if
appropriate, include photographic records
documenting condition before and after treatment.
Recommendations for continued care and
maintenance may also be provided. All records
should be retained for reference in case the
object requires treatment in the future.
38
Find a Conservator
How to find a Conservator
The American Institute of Conservators (AIC)
maintains a database of professional conservators
throughout the United States. Finding a
conservator in your area is convenient, but keep
in mind that you may have to send materials to
another state or area in order to receive the
best quality work. Poor restoration not only
costs you money, but it also can ruin the item
you were trying to save. The next page will
include questions to ask a conservator before
hiring them.
39
Find a Conservator
Questions to Ask
Ask each potential conservator for the following
information training, length of professional
experience, scope of practice (whether
conservation is primary activity), experience in
working with the kind of object for which you
seek help, involvement in conservation,
availability, and references from previous
clients. You are making a very important
decision. Contact references and previous
clients. The quality of conservation work is most
accurately evaluated based on the technical and
structural aspects of the treatment in addition
to the cosmetic appearance another conservation
professional may be able to help you make this
evaluation.
40
Protect your Treasures
Questions to Ask
Ask each potential conservator for the following
information training, length of professional
experience, scope of practice (whether
conservation is primary activity), experience in
working with the kind of object for which you
seek help, involvement in conservation,
availability, and references from previous
clients. You are making a very important
decision. Contact references and previous
clients. The quality of conservation work is most
accurately evaluated based on the technical and
structural aspects of the treatment in addition
to the cosmetic appearance another conservation
professional may be able to help you make this
evaluation.
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