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MAYA CIVILIZATION

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... ceremonial bar MAYA ART Pacal death mask Love of jade Pottery popular MAYA ... (Mexican influence) ... TEHNOLOGY/INNOVATION MAYA TECHNOLOGY/INNOVATION ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: MAYA CIVILIZATION


1
MAYA CIVILIZATION
2
MAYA TIMELINE
  • Olmec 1200-1000 BCE
  • Early Preclassic Maya 1800-900 BCE
  • Middle Preclassic Maya 900-300 BCE
  • Late Preclassic Maya 300 BCE - CE 250
  • Early Classic Maya 250-600 CE
  • Late Classic Maya 600-900 CE
  • Post Classic Maya 900-1500 CE
  • Colonial period 1500-1800 CE
  • Independent Mexico 1821 to the present

3
MAYA GEOGRAPHY
  • Lowlands
  • West borders Pacific Ocean, fertile plain
  • Yucatan Peninsula
  • Cenotes (excavated caverns) for water in east
  • Highlands
  • granite and volcanic area of Sierra Madre
    (Mexican Chiapas, Guatemala, Honduras)
  • Rich land, abundant water
  • Concentrated settlement

4
MAYA HISTORY
  • Did not record history or daily lives, so much of
    what we know comes from archaeology and European
    (colonial) records.
  • Many holes in our knowledge, and educated
    guesses.

5
MAYA HISTORY
  • Never recognized themselves as one people
  • Related dialects similar language
  • City-states (Palenque, Copan, Chichen Itza)
  • No king or emperor but nobility
  • City-states tried to dominate each other (sound
    familiar?)

6
MAYA HISTORY
  • Olmec lived in tropical lowlands of south-central
    Mexico
  • Provided basis for Mesoamerican civilizations
  • Bloodletting, glyphs similar to Maya
  • Distinctive art (colossal heads)

7
MAYA ART
  • Stelae carved stone monuments
  • Rulers in elaborate costumes
  • Often with texts that described lineage and
    accomplishments
  • Headdress, ceremonial bar

8
MAYA ART
  • Pacal death mask
  • Love of jade
  • Pottery popular

9
MAYA ARCHITECTURE
  • Houses of poles and thatch (cool)
  • Tikal (left) and Palenque (right)

10
MAYA SOCIETY
  • Class society
  • Caste (membership hereditary and movement rare)
  • Little known about women, but evidence of
    city-state queens

11
MAYA CULTURE
  • Corn (maize), beans, squash, chilies for flavour,
    domesticated turkey
  • Loved dance, music
  • pok-a-tuk (pok-a-tok) Maya ball game
  • Losers (including coach) sacrificed

12
MAYA CULTURE
  • Pierced ears, tattoos, body painting, straight
    black hair,
  • Large headdress for importance (Pacal, leader of
    Palenque, to right)

13
MAYA TRADE AND ECONOMY
  • Salt valued from Yucatan coast (preserve food,
    medicine, religious ceremonies) from north
  • Granite from low mountains of Belize
  • Jade, volcanic glass, and obsidian from Chiapas
    highlands of western Guatemala
  • Tikal and Copan middlemen cities in trade
  • cacao

14
MAYA ECONOMY/TRADE
  • Quetzal feathers for nobility headdress
  • Extensive trade over 1000 miles
  • Porters carry goods (no beasts of burden)

15
MAYA TEHNOLOGY/INNOVATION
  • Calendar 260 days
  • Also tracked solar 365 calendar

16
MAYA TECHNOLOGY/INNOVATION
  • Math based on multiples of 20
  • 0, 1, 2
  • 5, 6
  • 10, 11
  • 15, 16

17
MAYA WRITING
  • Writing 800 glyphs (picture/symbol represents an
    object, idea, or sound
  • Read left to right and top to bottom
  • Only elite could read as writing considered to be
    gift from the gods
  • Wrote many books (destroyed by Spanish)

18
MAYA RELIGION
  • Driving force behind every aspect of life
  • Public temples and household shrines
  • Organized religion
  • Established schedule for agriculture
  • Polytheistic and revolved around nature (eg. Chac
    Rain God)

19
MAYA RELIGION
  • Priestly blood sacrifice
  • Human sacrifice later in Post classic Period
    (Mexican influence)
  • Religious festival every 20 days
  • World 3 layers Heavens, Earth,
    Under(Other)world
  • Priest dressed as jaguars , scary masks to scare
    demons of Underworld
  • Belief in afterlife

20
The Olmec
  • First 'major' civilization in Mexico following a
    progressive development in Soconusco.
  • Lived in the tropical lowlands of south-central
    Mexico, in the present-day states of Veracruz and
    Tabasco.
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?vEYC9CopjFKQ
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