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Personality

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Title: Personality


1
Personality
  • Social Cognitive approach

2
Social Cognitive- Bandura
  • understanding personality involves considering
    the situation and thoughts before, during, and
    after an event

3
Albert Bandura (1925- )
  • People learn by observing and modeling others or
    through reinforcement

4
Social-Cognitive Approach to Personality
  • personalities are created by both internal and
    environmental influences

5
Social-Cognitive Approach to Personality
  • Do we control our environment, or does the
    environment control us?

6
Social-Cognitive Approach to Personality
  • Internal locus of control means that we control
    our own destiny and behaviors
  • External locus of control means that our
    personalities and behaviors are shaped by outside
    forces

7
Social-Cognitive Approach to Personality
  • Stresses conscious thought process. Self
    regulation and importance of situational
    influences.

8
Social-Cognitive Approach to Personality
  • Do you act/behave the same at home and at school?

9
Social-Cognitive Approach to Personality
  • Is your conscious thought different in
    situations?
  • Is there a class you are acing? How do you
    feel?
  • How about class you are failing?

10
Social-Cognitive Approach to Personality
  • People will actively process info from their
    social experience info will influence goals,
    expectations, beliefs, and behavior, as well as
    the specific environment they choose.

11
Social-Cognitive Approach to Personality
  • Relies heavily on experimental studies.
  • Emphasizes cognitive mental process rather than
    unconsciousness
  • Emphasizes that sense of self can
    changedepending on

12
Social-Cognitive Approach to Personality
  • Thoughts
  • feelings
  • and behaviors

13
Reciprocal Determinism Three Factors Shape
Personality
  • The mutual influences among personality and
    environmental factors
  • An interaction of three factors
  • Thoughts or cognitions
  • The environment
  • A persons behaviorsb

14
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15
Reciprocal Determinism
16
Social-Cognitive Approach to Personality
  • We learn behavior from observing them.
  • We learn consequences as well.
  • Rules and standards apply to certain behaviors.

17
Social-Cognitive Approach to Personality
  • Reciprocal determination-human behavior and
    personality as being caused by the interaction of
    behavioral cognitive and environmental factors.

18
Social-Cognitive Approach to Personality
  • Self-Esteem-comes from a person/s cognitive
    skills, abilities, and attitudes.
  • It is our self-system that guides how we perceive
    and react to different situations.

19
Social-Cognitive Approach to Personality
  • Self-efficacy-degree to which you are
    subjectively convinced of your own capabilities
    and effectiveness in meeting demands of a
    particular situation.

20
Social-Cognitive Approach to Personality
  • i.e. Tim the Tool Man Taylor
  • Thinks he can do anything

    Versus
  • A person feels they cant fix anything

21
Social-Cognitive Approach to Personality
Brain
Athlete
  • Tackle any academic work
  • Frowns on physical
  • Tackle a sport
  • Says cant do academic

Versus
22
External Locus of Control
  • The perception that chance, or forces beyond a
    persons control, control ones fate

23
Internal Locus of Control
  • The perception that we control our own fate

24
Learned Helplessness
  • The hopelessness and passive resignation an
    animal or human learns when unable to avoid
    repeated bad events
  • Martin Seligman studied dogs that were unable to
    escape a painful stimulus and eventually stopped
    trying to escape.

25
Learned Helplessness
26
Optimistic Explanatory Style
  • When something goes wrong the person explains the
    problem as
  • Temporary
  • Not their fault
  • Something limited to this situation

27
Pessimistic Explanatory Style
  • When something goes wrong the person tends to
  • Blame themselves
  • Catastrophize the event
  • See the problem as beyond their control

28
Positive Psychology
  • A movement in psychology that focuses on the
    study of optimal human functioning and the
    factors that allow individuals and communities to
    thrive
  • Lead by Martin Seligman

29
The Social-Cognitive PerspectiveAssessing
Behavior in Situations
  • Module 26 Trait and Social-Cognitive
    Perspectives on Personality

30
Assessing Personality
  • Social-cognitive perspective would stress putting
    people into simulated actual conditions to
    determine how they would behave

31
The Social-Cognitive PerspectiveEvaluating the
Perspective
  • Module 26 Trait and Social-Cognitive
    Perspectives on Personality

32
Social-Cognitive View
  • Draws on learning and cognitive research
  • Fails to consider the influence of emotions and
    motivation on behavior
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