The Industrial Revolution - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – The Industrial Revolution PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 72e368-MWRjN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The Industrial Revolution

Description:

The Industrial Revolution 1750ish-1850ish The shift from making goods by hand to making them by machine! Causes of the I-Rev in England 1. Agricultural Revolution 2. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:73
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 32
Provided by: osca48
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The Industrial Revolution


1
The Industrial Revolution
  • 1750ish-1850ish
  • The shift from making goods by hand to making
    them by machine!

2
  • Causes of the I-Rev in England
  • 1. Agricultural Revolution
  • 2. Capital
  • 3. Natural Resources
  • 4. Governmental support
  • 5. An Abundance of Markets

3
1. The Agricultural Revolution
  • the population got bigger, but people didnt need
    to farm. They could work somewhere else. Where?
  • 2. Food was cheaper, so people had more to
    spend on manufactured goods.

4
(No Transcript)
5
2. Capital
  • 1. Cottage Industry merchants/entrepreneurs made
    money, which he could invest later. How could he
    make more money?
  • Effects
  • Big profits for new class of merchants
    (mercers)who could parlay this into new
    investments (factories,etc)
  • Interesting fact of 110 cotton mills in the
    Midlands, England in the late 19th-c, 62 were
    founded by cottage industry participants.

6
3. Natural Resources--Especially Iron and Coal
  • 1. Iron was needed for farming tools, new factory
    machines and steam engines.
  • 2. Henry Cort developed a process for developing
    higher quality iron (puddling)
  • 3. Smelting iron made it more pure. It turns
    iron into steel, which is much stronger. The
    Bessemer Process made smelting iron very fast.

7
  • 4. In order to smelt iron you need carbon, which
    is found in coal. Coal also powered the steam
    engines.
  • 5. Britain produced more iron and coal than the
    rest of the world.

8
(No Transcript)
9
4. Government support--Transportation
  • 1. Since they made a lot of stuff, they needed to
    move it.
  • 2. They first made MacAdam asphalt roads.
  • 3. Then they invented canals to move things
    around by water.

10
4. Govt Support -Transportation
  • 1. Since they made a lot of stuff, they needed to
    move it.
  • 2. They first made MacAdam asphalt roads.
  • 3. Then they invented canals to move things
    around by water.

11
  • 4. Finally, the railroad train was invented.
    Stephensons Rocket went 29 miles per hour (dont
    believe your book) in 1829. Thats fast.
  • 5. In 1830 there were 70 miles of railroad by
    1870 there were 15,000! Wow! Say it!

12
(No Transcript)
13
5. An Abundance of Markets
  • 1. Plenty of places to sell manufactured goods.

14
(No Transcript)
15
Why Britain led the Industrial Revolution
  • 1. Lots of people were there to work in
    factories. (Ag. Revolution and enclosure
    movement)
  • 2. Plenty of capital was available to be
    invested by entrepreneurs.
  • 3. Natural resources abounded
  • 4. The government supported factories and
    transportation. It helped businesses.
  • 5. Britain had control of a lot of colonies, thus
    an abundance of markets
  • 6. Additionally, Britain was separated from the
    continent. No one else could copy.
  • Basically, Britain had all the Factors of
    Production. What are they?

16
The New Technology
17
  • The cottages couldnt keep up with the demand for
    textiles (things made of cloth).
  • Look how slow shes going!

18
(No Transcript)
19
Textile Industry and the Factory System
  • NEW INVENTIONS
  • 1. James Hargreaves Spinning Jenny and Richard
    Arkwrights Water Frame birthed Samuel Cromptons
    spinning mule, thus improving the spinning
    (making thread) of yarn.

20
  • 3. The Power Loom, invented by Edmund Cartwright
    in 1785, improved the weaving process.
  • 4. The cotton gin separated seeds from cotton,
    thus more cotton could be grown (2.5 million
    pounds imported in 1760, 366 million pounds in
    1840).
  • 5. The big machines (power loom and spinning mule
    ) couldnt fit in houses, so they were put in big
    buildings factories.

21
  • 6. Factories made things faster and cheaper than
    people could in their own cottages.
  • 7. Thus many people had to leave their cottages
    and work in the factories. In 1815 there were
    250,000 cottage weavers in 1860 there were
    3,000.
  • 8. Peasants from the country also moved to the
    cities to work in factories.

22
(No Transcript)
23
(No Transcript)
24
The Steam Engine Energy Needed for the
Industrial Revolution.
  • 1. Factories needed power. They first used water
    and horse power, but that didnt work well.
  • 2. James Watt perfected the Steam engine. Steam
    that moves from a high pressure to a low pressure
    makes energy
  • 3. Factories could now work with steam engines,
    and they could be anywhere! )
  • 4. In order to have a steam engine, you need fire
    (to make the water boil) and for fire you need
    wood or coal

25
(No Transcript)
26
(No Transcript)
27
(No Transcript)
28
Great Britain vs. Continent
  • 1. Continent lagged behind because of.
  • Lack of roads, less enterprising, toll stations
    and
  • Napoleon!
  • Lack of technological knowledge

29
Great Britain vs. Continent
  • 1. Continent lagged behind because of.
  • Lack of roads, less enterprising, toll stations
    and
  • Napoleon!
  • Lack of technological knowledge

30
(No Transcript)
31
Differences (Great Britain vs. Continent)
  • 1. Actively involved governments--schools,
    training, railroads
  • 2. Tariffs to protect against competition
  • Friedrich List, National System and Political
    Economy (1844)
  • 3. Large role of joint-stock banks for
    investment--invested in industry (railroads,
    mining, etc._
  • 4. Cotton/textiles basis of British Industrial
    Rev. What was the basis on the Continent?
About PowerShow.com