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Industrialization and Nationalism

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Industrialization and Nationalism Unit VI Study Guide Part A: Multiple Choice In a capitalist system, the means of production is: A) publicly owned. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Industrialization and Nationalism


1
Industrialization and Nationalism
  • Unit VI Study Guide

2
Part A Multiple Choice
3
In a capitalist system, the means of production
is
  • A) publicly owned.
  • B) privately owned.
  • C) owned by labor unions.
  • D) owned by workers.
  • B) privately owned.

4
At the beginning of the Industrial Revolution,
Great Britain had land, capital, and labor
conditions called the
  • A) domestic system.
  • B) factory system.
  • C) factors of production.
  • D) business cycle.
  • C) factors of production.

5
According to people who are in favor of the idea
of laissez-faire, government should
  • A) stay out of business.
  • B) regulate business.
  • C) hire the unemployed.
  • D) not be an employer.
  • A) stay out of business.

6
Which did NOT help determine workers wages under
the factory system?
  • A) other costs of production.
  • B) whether workers owned their own tools.
  • C) the number of workers available.
  • D) wages for other kinds of work.
  • B) whether workers owned their own tools.

7
Alternating periods of prosperity and economic
decline are known as the
  • A) supply and demand.
  • B) natural law of economics.
  • C) free enterprise system.
  • D) business cycle.
  • D) business cycle.

8
Who patented the modern steam engine?
  • A) James Watt
  • B) Andrew Carnegie
  • C) John Stuart Mill
  • D) Henry Bessemer
  • A) James Watt

9
The Wright brothers airplane flew successfully
because they
  • A) used gasoline as a fuel.
  • B) used a dynamo.
  • C) combined science and technology.
  • D) combined quantum theory with relativity.
  • C) combined science and technology.

10
Which social science compares different societies?
  • A) sociology
  • B) political science
  • C) archaeology
  • D) anthropology
  • D) anthropology

11
The MOST important cause of the growth of cities
was
  • A) the development of suburbs.
  • B) the growth of the factory system.
  • C) improvements in law enforcement.
  • D) laws requiring education for all children.
  • B) the growth of the factory system.

12
Which was NOT an advance in biology in the 1800s?
  • A) the role of cells in cloning
  • B) the role of cells in disease
  • C) the discovery that all living things are made
    up of cells
  • D) the knowledge that all cells divide and
    multiply
  • A) the role of cells in cloning.

13
Which was NOT a goal of public education in the
1800s?
  • A) educated soldiers
  • B) patriotic citizens
  • C) workers who could appreciate culture
  • D) workers who could read and write
  • C) workers who could appreciate culture

14
Peoples diets were improved by new knowledge
about pasteurization, refrigeration, and the use
of
  • A) the five food groups.
  • B) low-calorie foods.
  • C) vitamins and minerals.
  • D) low-fat foods.
  • C) vitamins and minerals.

15
The goal of some reforms enacted by British
liberals was to
  • A) protect slave traders.
  • B) abolish the monarchy.
  • C) reduce suffrage.
  • D) extend suffrage.
  • D) extend suffrage.

16
Targeting both military and civilian resources in
war is known as
  • A) modern war.
  • B) civil war.
  • C) guerrilla war.
  • D) total war.
  • D) total war.

17
The event that started the French revolution of
1848 was
  • A) a decree restricting free speech.
  • B) widespread support for a republican
    government.
  • C) the abdication of Louis Philippe.
  • D) support for a descendant of Charles X.
  • A) a decree restricting free speech.

18
Alfred Dreyfus was
  • A) guilty of bribery.
  • B) guilty of adultery.
  • C) falsely accused of spying for Germany.
  • D) falsely accused of covering up a scandal.
  • C) falsely accused of spying for Germany.

19
Disputes among which nations led to the Crimean
War?
  • A) Palestine, Great Britain, and Russia.
  • B) Russian, Great Britain, and Germany.
  • C) Russia, the Ottoman Empire, and France.
  • D) France, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire.
  • C) Russia, the Ottoman Empire, and France.

20
When Spain tried to regain its Latin American
colonies, the United States responded with
  • A) the Northwest Ordinance.
  • B) a declaration of war.
  • C) an offer to help.
  • D) the Monroe Doctrine.
  • D) the Monroe Doctrine.

21
The Prussian king who became emperor of the
German Empire was
  • A) William I.
  • B) William II.
  • C) Francis I.
  • D) Francis II.
  • A) William I.

22
The emancipation of the serfs
  • A) kept them in farming.
  • B) led to economic security.
  • C) did not solve all problems.
  • D) increased factory wages.
  • C) did not solve all problems.

23
The fact that Germanys industrialization came
later than that of Britain and France
  • A) was a result of a lack of natural resources.
  • B) was a result of government disinterest.
  • C) let the Germans use the best methods and
    machinery available.
  • D) kept Germany from becoming a great industrial
    power.
  • C) let the Germans use the best methods and
    machinery available.

24
One problem Italy faced after unification was
  • A) Austrias refusal to give up Venice.
  • B) Sicilys refusal to become part of the new
    nation.
  • C) lack of a leader accepted by the people of all
    states.
  • D) tension between the north and the south.
  • D) tension between the north and the south.

25
Terrorism was used by the
  • A) Peoples Will group.
  • B) Populists.
  • C) czar.
  • D) serfs.
  • A) Peoples Will group.

26
The Social Democratic Party
  • A) had many members elected to the Reichstag.
  • B) never achieved much representation.
  • C) supported private ownership of industry.
  • D) supported the actions of the cartels.
  • B) never achieved much representation.

27
The phrase the White Mans Burden refers to
  • A) the idea that white people stayed in the sun
    too long.
  • B) the idea that non-Western people needed help
    from Westerners.
  • C) the amount of luggage that the Europeans
    brought with them.
  • D) the amount of raw materials that the Europeans
    sent back.
  • B) the idea that non-Western people needed help
    from Westerners.

28
The Fashoda crisis was a dispute between
  • A) France and the Ottoman Empire over Tunis.
  • B) Belgium and France over the Congo.
  • C) the Netherlands and Britain over South Africa.
  • D) Britain and France over the Sudan.
  • D) Britain and France over the Sudan.

29
Egypt came under British rule in part because of
the
  • A) Suez Canal.
  • B) Strait of Gibraltar.
  • C) pyramids.
  • D) diamond trade.
  • A) Suez Canal.

30
Which West African state remained independent?
  • A) Ghana.
  • B) Liberia.
  • C) Senegal.
  • D) French West Africa.
  • B) Liberia.

31
Cecil Rhodes controlled
  • A) the Suez Canal.
  • B) game hunting in Kenya.
  • C) trade in ivory, rubber, and palm oil.
  • D) South African diamond production.
  • D) South African diamond production.

32
The British government took control of India when
  • A) the Suez Canal was built.
  • B) Hindus and Muslims began fighting.
  • C) soldiers rebelled against the British East
    India Company.
  • D) European princes asked the British to keep
    order.
  • C) soldiers rebelled against the British East
    India Company.

33
Part B Fill in the Blank
34
Chapter 22
  • Name four characteristics of the working
    conditions in factories.
  • Factories were cold and damp in winter, and
    steamy in summer
  • Sanitary facilities were poor
  • Machines had no safety devices and accidents
    occurred frequently
  • No compensation for injured workers
  • Workers spent 14 hour days, six days a week on
    the job.

35
Chapter 22
  • Name three characteristics of the assembly line.
  • The system of producing large numbers of
    identical items is known as mass production
  • Manufacturers devised the assembly line by which
    parts were carried from worker to worker
  • Saved time, energy, and increased production.

36
Chapter 22
  • Name four results of the early reform laws during
    the Industrial Revolution.
  • Factory Act of 1802 shortened hours in the cotton
    mills
  • Factory Act of 1833 extended the law to all
    textile mills
  • Children under 9 could not work
  • Children 9-13 could work 8 hours for 6 days a
    week
  • Older children could work for 12 hours a day
  • 1847 the Ten Hours Act came into force.

37
Chapter 23
  • Name three characteristics of the development of
    electricity.
  • Industrialization encouraged new sources of
    power
  • Electricity was developed in 1870s
  • Faraday invented the first electric generator
  • Moving a magnet through a coil wire created an
    electric current.

38
Chapter 23
  • Name three characteristics of sociology.
  • Is the study of human relationships in society
  • Auguste Comte was the founder of sociology
  • Argued that society, like nature, operated by
    certain laws
  • Believed sociologists should also follow
    scientific methods.

39
Chapter 23
  • Name three characteristics in the rise of
    Romanticism.
  • Literature, music, and art reflected the social
    and economic change of the Industrial Age
  • Works were interested in showing how life should
    be rather than how it was
  • Reaction against Age of Reason
  • Known as Romanticism.

40
Chapter 24
  • Name four characteristics of voting restrictions
    in Britain before the reforms.
  • Before the reforms, voters in Britain had many
    restrictions
  • Only property owners could vote
  • Voted in the open for all to see
  • Voters could be bribed or intimidated
  • Catholics, Jews, non-Anglicans couldnt vote.

41
Chapter 24
  • Name four characteristics of continued expansion
    in the United States.
  • In 1803 bought Louisiana purchase from Napoleon
    and doubled size of U.S.
  • Purchased Florida from Spain in 1819
  • Texan annexation in 1845
  • War with Mexico created the Mexican Cession
  • Treaty of 1846 gave Oregon Territory
  • 1853 Gadsden Purchase.

42
Chapter 24
  • Name four characteristics of the Revolution of
    1848 in France.
  • France erupted in 1848 after Louis Philippe
    restricted free speech
  • Rioters took to the streets
  • National Guard troops were sent in but they
    joined the rioters
  • Louis Philippe gave up throne and left for
    England
  • Second French Republic was proclaimed
  • Many reforms took place in France.

43
Chapter 25
  • Name three characteristics that led to the
    Franco-Prussian War.
  • Bismarck wanted southern states to join his
    confederation
  • Edited a telegram which insulted the French
  • French declared war in July 1870
  • Southern states united with Prussia and war ended
    in September.

44
Chapter 25
  • Name three characteristics that led to the
    resignation of Bismarck.
  • William II became emperor in 1888
  • Held strongly conservative opinions
  • Felt Bismarck had too much power
  • Bismarck resigned in 1890 out of frustration with
    William and the Socialists.

45
Chapter 25
  • Name three characteristics of Alexander II and
    the freedom of all serfs.
  • Became czar in 1855
  • Paid attention to public opinion
  • Realized his countrys backwardness
  • Emancipation Edict freed all serfs
  • Factory owners would benefit from freed serfs.

46
Chapter 26
  • Name four economic motives for imperialism.
  • Industrialization spurred imperialism
  • After 1850 technology grew rapidly
  • Industrialized nations needed a lot of raw
    materials to make products
  • Did not want to rely on foreign nations
  • Mass production meant new markets were needed
  • Rapid population growth accompanied industrialism.

47
Chapter 26
  • Name three characteristics that led to the
    Fashoda crisis.
  • Sudan was Egyptian colony
  • Both Britain and France wanted the colony
  • In 1881 Sudan had a revolution against Egyptian
    rule
  • British troops decided to invade Sudan in 1898
  • Wanted to stop the revolution before the French
    decided to take the land.

48
Chapter 26
  • Name three characteristics that led to the
    competition for West Africa
  • Area was center for slave trade
  • Europeans had slave trading posts along the
    coast
  • After the slave trade, the posts were used for
    other trade goods
  • Europeans wanted to go inland to control the
    sources they traded
  • Liberia was only independent state in the West.

49
Part C Essay Questions
50
Essay Question
  • Summarize the ways industrialization changed
    British society. Discuss changes in agriculture,
    manufacturing, work, and the organization of
    business.

51
Essay Question
  • Compare and contrast the elements of capitalism
    and socialism.

52
Essay Question
  • Do you think that the scientific and
    technological advances of the 1800s improved
    peoples lives? Explain and support your answer
    with information about the changes in
    electricity, communications, transportation, and
    medicine.

53
Essay Question
  • How would life in the industrial age have been
    different without the intellectual developments
    in such areas as the social sciences and public
    education?

54
Essay Question
  • Describe the factors that led to the U.S. Civil
    War.

55
Essay Question
  • Compare and contrast the ways Great Britain and
    Spain treated their colonies and the other
    countries they ruled.

56
Essay Question
  • Describe the ways Otto von Bismarck maintained
    his power when faced with opposition.

57
Essay Question
  • Explain why attempts to liberalize the Russian
    government failed.

58
Essay Question
  • How did imperialism benefit the European nations?
    Were there benefits for the colonized regions?
    Provide evidence supporting both sides of the
    question.
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