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Early Civilizations of India

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Title: Early Civilizations of India Author: Susan M. Pojer Last modified by: TOS Created Date: 10/22/2000 8:24:41 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Early Civilizations of India


1
Early Civilizations of Ancient India
2
INDIA
2500 B.C.E.
3
pINDIA GEOGRAPHY - Today
  • Subcontinent (large landmass that juts out)
    includes India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri
    Lanka
  • Surrounded by Mountains and Ocean
  • Monsoons (seasonal winds) dictate life
  • Oct. is hot and dry
  • May torrential rains

4
Indus River Valley Civilization
  • Cities planned in grid, clay houses
  • Modern plumbing
  • Well organized government
  • Ship trade along coast
  • Polytheistic
  • Disappears around 1750 BC ????

5
Public Well, Harappa
6
The Vedic Age (1500 BCE - 500 BCE)
7
Aryan Migration
  • pastoral ? depended on their cattle.
  • warriors ? horse-drawn chariots.

8
Ganges River Civilization
  • Built by Aryan invaders
  • Society divided by occupation
  • Brahmin priest
  • Kshatriyas- warriors
  • Vaisyas herders, farmers, artisans
  • Sudras non-Aryans

9
Sanskrit writing
10
The Vedas
  • 1200 BCE-600 BCE.
  • written in SANSKRIT.
  • Hindu core of beliefs
  • hymns and poems.
  • religious prayers.
  • magical spells.
  • lists of the gods and goddesses.

Rig Veda ? oldest work.
11
The Caste System
Priests
Brahmins
Kuh shat ree yuhz
Warriors
Kshatriyas
Herders Farmers Merchants
Vis yuhz
Vaishyas
Workers Servants
Soo druhz
Shudras
Pariahs Harijan ? Untouchables
12
The Caste System
Brahmins
WHO IS
Kshatriyas
  • The mouth?
  • The arms?
  • The legs?
  • The feet?

Vaishyas
Shudras
13
The Vedic Age
The foundations for Hinduism were established!
14
Hinduism
  • Polytheistic- God is one, but wise people know
    it by many names
  • Brahman- Spiritual Power that resides in all
    things
  • Mystics- Seek spiritual truth-- yoga, meditation
  • Ahimsa- Nonviolence

15
Hinduism
  • Believe in reincarnation (human last step before
    Moksha)
  • Moksha ultimate goal of existence (union with
    Brahman)- free from all selfish desires that
    separate them from Brahman
  • Karma- Actions of one life impact another
  • Dharma- religious and moral duties

16
  • Brahman- All powerful spiritual force, resides in
    all things
  • Brahmin- Priests, highest caste
  • Brahma- a Hindu god, the creator
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