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Unit 1: From Pre-History to Early Civilizations

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Unit 1: From Pre-History to Early Civilizations Chapter 3: Ancient India – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Unit 1: From Pre-History to Early Civilizations


1
Unit 1 From Pre-History to Early Civilizations
  • Chapter 3 Ancient India

A
2
Section I Indus Valley Civilization(Pages
48-55)
  • This section is about
  • The development and the decline of the Indus
    Valley civilization.
  • The archeological evidence of the economic and
    cultural life of the people of Harappa and
    Mohenjo Daro.

A
3
  • Some questions for our class
  • Who am I? (you - not this guy)
  • What am I to do?
  • How should I see things?
  • Read the text on page 48 in our books.
  • And, look at the picture on page 49
  • What else should we do before we move on?

A
4
Lets be active readers (top right of page 50)
  • What else should we do?
  • Look at vocabulary words
  • Look at the Main Ideas
  • Check out the pictures
  • Check out the headings (in red in our book)

A
5
What we often call the India sub-continent is
really 3 places today India / Pakistan /
Bangladesh
The South-Central section of Asia
2
The Himalaya Mountains (biggest mountains on
earth)
1
Indo-Gangetic Plain (Farming Indus and Ganges
Rivers)
The Western Ghats
The Eastern Ghats
Desert
3
Deccan Plateau (raised area of level land)
A
6
The weather in this region
  • Has a lot of monsoons heavy winds with very
    heavy rainfall.
  • Last from early June to early October
  • Some places (East side) get as much as 450 inches
    of rain a year.
  • The people depend on the rain for water for their
    farms, but too much rain is a problem.
  • The rest of the year has cooler, dryer weather
  • India can also get very hot up to the 120s in
    the desert

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7
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8
Indias first great civilization (3500 B.C.) is
called
4
  • The Indus Valley Civilization they were around
    for about 1000 years and then vanished.
  • Traders wove cotton, made jewelry and
    furniture, cooking utensils, writing sticks, back
    scratchers, dice, and game pieces.
  • Famers grew wheat, barley, cotton, and fruit
  • Both used stone, copper, and bronze tools.
  • It seems they also traded with other cultures at
    times.

A
9
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro(archeologists started
digging there about 1921)
  • Both about 1 square mile, similar layouts, and
    careful planning.
  • In the center a huge fortress on a hill
    called a citadel
  • Inside a bath house, grain storage area, and a
    residential building
  • Why are these inside?
  • Streets ran parallel to each other - to do all
    this must have taken great planning

A
10
  • Brick homes
  • Some small (one room) others large (even with
    court-yards and private wells for drinking and
    bath water).
  • People lived in areas according to their jobs.
  • The most advance plumbing in the world water
    and sewer pipes running under the streets

A
11
These people must have also been traders
  • Indus Valley goods have also been found in other
    areas and goods from other areas have been found
    there.
  • They must have used the oceans and the many
    rivers in the area.
  • Indian pottery even has been found in
    Mesopotamia.
  • Archeologists have also found games, toys (clay
    monkey that would slide down a string and a clay
    bull that wiggled its head), marbles, and dice
    (the same kind we use today)

5
A
12
  • Writing / Language
  • They had some writing, but we dont know what
    language they spoke.
  • When we do find writing, we dont know how to
    read it.
  • If we figure that out, we might know a lot more
    about them
  • Religion
  • Were not sure what role religion played in their
    lives.
  • Some figurines (mostly female) look like
    gods/goddesses.
  • The bodies of the dead were buried with heads to
    the north, so ?
  • Decline /Disappearance
  • Change in climate and people moved?
  • River changed and not enough water?
  • Earthquake / flood / disease?
  • Invaded and conquered?
  • Some remains have been found that werent buried
    so what might that mean?

6
7
8
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13
Lets finish being active readers (top right of
page 50)
A
14
Stop here for now
Finish the bottom of page "A"
A
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