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The French-Indian War

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Title: The French-Indian War Author: Susan M. Pojer Last modified by: CAMDEN Created Date: 3/27/2001 6:17:19 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The French-Indian War


1
The French Indian War (1756 1763)
The Great War for Empire... The Seven Years
War... errrr I mean... The French and Indian War
Ms. Clarke
2
Was 1763 a "turning point" in
British-colonial relationships???
3
North America in 1750
page 108
4
1754 ? The First Clash
page 112
The Ohio Valley
British
French
Fort Necessity Fort
Duquesne George Washington
Delaware Shawnee
Indians
5
1754 ? Albany Plan of Union
Ben Franklin ? representatives from
New England, NY, MD, PA
  • Albany Congress ? failed Iroquois
    broke off relations with
    Britain threatened to
    trade with the French.

6
1755 ? Br. Decides to Eliminate Fr. Presence in
No. Amer.
Gen. Edward Braddock ? evict the French from the
OH Valley Canada (Newfoundland Nova Scotia)
  • Attacks OH Valley, Mohawk Valley, Acadia.
  • Killed 10 mi. from Ft. Duquesne ? by 1500
    French and Indian forces.

Only Br. Success ? expelled France
from Louisiana.
CAJUNS
7
1756 ? War Is Formally Declared!
Lord Loudouin
Marquis de Montcalm
Native American tribes exploited both sides!
8
British-American Colonial Tensions
British
Colonials
  • March in formation or bayonet charge.
  • Indian-style guerilla tactics.

Methods ofFighting
  • Br. officers wanted to take charge of
    colonials.
  • Col. militias served under own captains.

MilitaryOrganization
  • Drills tough discipline.
  • No mil. deference or protocols observed.

MilitaryDiscipline
  • Colonists should pay for their own defense.
  • Resistance to rising taxes.

Finances
  • Prima Donna Br. officers with servants
    tea settings.
  • Casual, non-professionals.

Demeanor
9
1757 ? William Pitt Becomes Foreign Minister
  • He understood colonial concerns.
  • He offered them a compromise

- col. loyalty mil. cooperation--gtBr.
would reimburse col. assemblies for their
costs.
- Lord Loudoun would be removed.
RESULTS? ? Colonial morale
increased by 1758.
10
1758-1761 ? The Tide Turns for England
By 1761, Sp. has become an ally of Fr.
11
(No Transcript)
12
1763 ? Treaty of Paris
France --gt lost her Canadian possessions, most of
her empire in India, and claims to lands east of
the Mississippi River.
Spain --gt got all French lands west of the
Mississippi River, New Orleans, but lost Florida
to England.
England --gt got all French lands in Canada,
exclusive rights to Caribbean slave trade, and
commercial dominance in India.
13
North America in 1763
14
Effects of the War on Britain?
1. It increased her colonial empire in the
Americas.
2. It greatly enlarged Englands debt.
3. Britains contempt for the colonials
created bitter feelings.
Therefore, England felt that amajor
reorganization of her American Empire was
necessary!
15
Effects of the War on the American Colonials
1. It united them against a common enemy for
the first time.
2. It created a socializing experience for
all the colonials who participated.
3. It created bitter feelings towards the
British that would only intensify.
16
The Aftermath Tensions Along the Frontier
1763 ? Pontiacs Rebellion
Fort Detroit
British gifts of smallpox-infected blankets
from Fort Pitt.
17
Pontiacs Rebellion (1763)
18
BACKLASH!
British ? Proclamation Line of 1763.
Colonials ? Paxton Boys (PA)
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