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Hinduism

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Title: Hinduism


1
Hinduism
Part Three of the World Religions
series Sponsored by the A-B Tech Diversity
Committee
2
Indus Valley, India
3
History
  • Hinduism comes from the region of the Indus
    Valley in India. It is referred to as sanatama
    dharma or eternal religion or eternal truth.
  • Hinduism has no exact date of origin or founder
    but is said to be the oldest surviving
    religion/major tradition that goes back more than
    1500 years BCE.
  • Since India regained its independence in 1947
    from British Colonial rule, there has been much
    political controversy over the religions
    origins. Understandably, Indias people feel
    strongly about this subject, as their religion is
    an important part of their identity.

4
Visnu
5
Fast Facts
  • Hinduism is not only a religion to its
    believers but a way of life. It is a continuous,
    eternal existence.
  • The Hindu prayer may good thoughts come to us
    from all sides reinforces the concept of
    embracing other religions without giving up being
    a Hindu.
  • Brahman in Sanskrit means spirit, which is
    thought to be what is present in everything and
    what keeps the universe going.
  • Ones station in society (caste), determines
    ones dharma or ones duty in life. This caste
    system offers some a strong sense of belonging
    and identity.

6
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7
Major Sects
  • Vaisnavism Based on the worship of the blue
    sky-god Visnu is known as the protector of
    the embryo in the womb. This sect has the
    largest followers. There are ten avatars that
    Visnu can appear as (more or less , depending on
    the text). The main doctrine is rooted in
    fidelity to tradition and rules of life and
    ritual.
  • Saivism Saivites worship Siva as the highest
    god. This sect is supposed to be the oldest of
    all. Saivism focuses on self-realization with
    the ultimate goal being moksha but also includes
    legends, mysticism and yogic practices.
  • Saktism This denomination centers on worshipping
    the Divine Female or Devi Goddess. She
    represents motherhood and bestows boons upon her
    followers. The Devi Goddess manifests many
    forms, such as Lakshmi, consort to Visnu and
    Parvati, and also wife to Siva. The Ganges
    river in India, represents Devi, which draws many
    Hindus to her waters to wash away their sins.

8
Ganesha
9
Beliefs
  • Hindus do not believe in just one god. Instead,
    they believe that a higher being takes many
    forms. These deities can take on the image of
    human-animal forms, such as the deity Ganesha,
    who has a human body with the head of an
    elephant. Ganesha clears away lifes obstacles.
  • All Hindus believe in reincarnation. How you
    live your life determines who or what you become
    in the next life. Reincarnation continues until
    you leave all material things behind you and
    attain moksha liberation.
  • Karma means deeds or actions in Sanskrit.
    It refers to the intentional actions and what
    effect it has on a persons fortunes in life and
    in the next. It explains the evil and misfortunes
    of the world and is a fundamental law of nature.

10
Siva
11
Path Purpose
  • Hindus follow three paths
  • karmamarga (works and action),
  • jnanamarga (knowledge or philosophy),
  • bhatkimarga (devotion to God)
  • There are four purposes in life that a Hindu
    follows
  • dharma (fufill moral, social, and religious
    duties),
  • artha (attain financial and worldly success),
  • kama (satisfy desires in moderation), and
  • moksha (attain freedom from reincarnation)

12
Veda Scriptures
Upanishads
13
Sacred Texts
  • The Hindus most sacred scriptures are called the
    Vedas, which means knowledge in Sanskrit. They
    represent unchallenged authority and tradition.
  • The Upanishads contains the wisdom of Hindu
    teachers and sages and forms the basis of Indian
    philosophy. These writings are known as the
    conclusion of the Veda.
  • Bhagavad-Gita or Song of the Lord is read in
    the form of a dialogue between two characters and
    is considered to be the sixth book of the epic
    poem Mahabharata

14
Hindu Temple
15
Worship
  • Puja is a combination of ceremonial practices
    that either take place in the home or in a
    temple. Since there are no special days set
    aside for worship, or puja, most practices are
    conducted in the home. Almost every Hindu home
    has a shrine with images of their gods and
    goddesses.
  • Ceremonial practices vary according to which sect
    they belong to. Time of day, location, and
    community all play an important part in the
    requirements of their puja. Offerings can be
    modest or elaborate, depending on the
    circumstance. Offerings may include rice,
    flowers, fruit, incense, and milk water.

16
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17
Symbolism
  • A tilak, or symbolic mark on the forehead of a
    Hindu man, is usually that of a line/s that
    represent which religious sect he belongs to.
    This mark, made commonly from vermillion, is
    traditionally a womans symbol that represents
    female energy. The bindi that Hindu women wear on
    their foreheads accentuates the third eye, where
    attention is focused when meditating. It is also
    worn as protection for women, which extends to
    their husbands.
  • The Aum (Om) symbol is a sacred sound and
    consists of several triads, including the three
    worlds (earth, atmosphere, heaven), the three
    major Hindu gods (Brahma, Visnu, Siva), and the
    three sacred Vedic scriptures (Rg, Yajur, Sama).
    Ultimately it represents the entire universe.

18
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19
Current Events
  • "India Can Fuel Next Industrial Revolution"
  • India Looks to Sign Off With a Win

20
The moon is one, but on agitated water it
produces many reflections. Similarly ultimate
reality is one, yet it appears to be many in a
mind agitated by thoughts. - Maharamayana
21
Available for Checkout in Holly Library
  • The Way to True Worship A Popular Story of
    Hinduism Anoop Chandola
  • Hinduism Louis Renou
  • Hinduism A Cultural Perspective
  • Hinduism (sound recording narrated by Ben
    Kingsley)
  • Puja Expressions of Hindu Devotion (video)
  • Women in Indian Religions Arvind Sharma
  • Handbook of Hindu Mythology George M. Williams
  • The Mahabharata (DVD)

22
Devi, the Mother Goddess
23
Bibliography
  • Couliano, I Eliade, C. Wiesner, H. (1991).
  • The Harpercollins Concise Guide to World
    Religion. Harpercollins Publications
  • Pollock, Robert (2002). The Everything Worlds
    Religions Book Discover the Beliefs,
    Traditions, and Cultures of Ancient and Modern
    Religions. F W Publications, Inc.
  • Klostermaier, Klaus (2000). Hinduism A Short
    History. Oneworld Publications (Berne
    Convention).
  • Religionfacts website (www.religionfacts.com)

24
Image Resources
  • 2 http//www.myhimalayas.com/ladakh_indus_valley/
    image/indus_valley.jpg
  • 4 http//vamsikarra.files.wordpress.com/2009/05/l
    ord-visnu.jpg
  • 6http//www.tropicalisland.de/india/uttar_pradesh
    /varanasi/images/VNS20Varanasi20or20Benares20-
    20Hindu20pilgrims20taking20a20bath20in20the
    20holy20Ganges20river20at20sunrise20at20Raj
    a20Ghat20detail203008x2000.jpg
  • 8 http//www.searchindia.com/search/images/americ
    an-hindu-gods/gane-rich.jpg
  • 10 http//www.biocrawler.com/w/images/3/3d/Siv
    a.jpg
  • 12 http//www.indicstudies.us/Archives/manuscript
    s/isaUpanishad1.gif , http//vedanaturalenergy.com
    /images/categories_desc/History/originals/VedicScr
    iptures.jpg
  • 14 http//www.buyselloldbooks.com/images/pictures
    /hindu-temple-in-west-bengal-india.jpg
  • 16 http//ih0.redbubble.net/work.2558225.5.fc,300
    x300,black.jpg , http//upload.wikimedia.org/wikip
    edia/commons/3/38/Indian_Woman_with_bindi.jpg,
    http//www.religionfacts.com/hinduism/images/thing
    s/tilak-sadhu4-cc-meanest-indian-200.jpg
  • 18 http//publication.samachar.com/pub_article.ph
    p?id7559979navname http//publication.samachar.
    com/pub_article.php?id7559971navname
  • 20 http//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/
    b/b4/Wassertropfen.jpg
  • 23 http//images.exoticindiaart.com/panels/devi_t
    he_mother_goddess_wd29.jpg

25
Islam Coming soon in the World Religions series
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