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India

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India British Colony Indian Nationalist Movement Britain votes to grant India independence debate between Muslim minority and Hindu Majority over land – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: India


1
India
  • British Colony
  • Indian Nationalist Movement
  • Britain votes to grant India independence
  • debate between Muslim minority and Hindu
    Majority over land

2
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3
The Partition of India
  • 1947 (August 15)
  • Muslims wanted their own nation
  • Riots broke out over plan to divide India
  • Muslims moved into northwestern territory of
    India and named their nation Pakistan
  • - Hindu population dominated India

4
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5
Mohandas K. Gandhi
  • led movement to gain independence from Britain
  • - Used non-violent techniques to bring about
    change and restore peace (Satyagraha)
  • - did not want India divided, wished for all
    Indians to stay unified
  • - was assassinated in 1948

6
India Today
7
Currency
  • Monetary unit Rupee

1 US Dollar 43 Rupees 1 Rupee 100 Paise
8
Language
  • Hindi and English

9
Population
  • over a billion citizens, 2nd most populated
    nation in the world!
  • Majority is Hindu 82
  • Minority - Muslim 12
  • - Christian 2.3
  • Due to lack of agricultural jobs, many citizens
    have moved into cities
  • Overcrowding
  • poor living conditions
  • - lack of basic services water, sewage

10
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11
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12
Economy
  • British built railroads are main transportation
  • focus on farming Green Revolution
  • - 1 producer of Cotton
  • Heavy Industry

13
Social Change
  • 1. Caste system
  • 2. Family life
  • - big emphasis on family
  • 3. Marriage
  • - Arranged by parents
  • - Boys age 21, girls age 18
  • - Dowry system Groom ask Brides family
  • for or car,
    appliance, etc

14
Education
  • big emphasis on education in India
  • system is based on British model
  • One school building for (K-10th grade)
  • 1 Room per grade (all 10th in one class)
  • Board Exam
  • exam that determines whether you get to go to
    college or not, if you fail then you join the
    work force or retake.
  • - Families desire to send their children to the
    US for college education.

15
Sports
  • National Sport is Cricket
  • - similar to baseball
  • - 11 players per team
  • - 2 innings (600 pitches)

16
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18
Pakistan
  • East and West Pakistan were separated by India,
    both were Muslim nations but very different in
    culture.
  • 1971 East Pakistan became independent and changed
    their name to Bangladesh
  • TODAY
  • West Pakistan Pakistan
  • - East Pakistan Bangladesh

19
Pakistan
  • Military run nation, semi-democracy
  • President Pervez Musharraf
  • emphasis on farming and heavy industry
  • - tried to take the Muslim province of Kashmir
    away from India

20
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21
Conflict
  • Pakistan and India dont get along very well
  • US gave economic and military support to Pakistan
    during the Cold War
  • - There have been several wars between India and
    Pakistan over the province of Kashmir

22
Going Nuclear
  • 1974 India test their first
  • nuclear weapon
  • and becomes a nuclear
  • world power
  • in response, Pakistan sought to purchase the same
    technology
  • 1998 Pakistan gets their first
  • nuke, both nations test
  • weapons and almost go to
  • war

23
- Relations between India and Pakistan have
improved, but the threat of constant war is
ever-present.
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