INTL 190: Democracy in the Developing World - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – INTL 190: Democracy in the Developing World PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 72d133-NDE3Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

INTL 190: Democracy in the Developing World

Description:

INTL 190: Democracy in the Developing World Spring 2011 THE STATE OF DEMOCRACY: OVERVIEW Schedule and Assignments Synthesis: Diamond, Spirit of Democracy ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:97
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 19
Provided by: Pete3226
Learn more at: http://pages.ucsd.edu
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: INTL 190: Democracy in the Developing World


1
INTL 190Democracy in the Developing World
  • Spring 2011

2
THE STATE OF DEMOCRACY OVERVIEW
  • Schedule and Assignments
  • Synthesis Diamond, Spirit of Democracy,
    Introduction and Part I
  • Collier and Levitsky, Democracy with Adjectives
  • Munck and Verkuilen, Conceptualizing and
    Measuring Democracy

3
(No Transcript)
4
SPIRIT OF DEMOCRACY
  • Purposeful action struggle, strategy,
    ingenuity, vision, courage, conviction,
    compromise, and choices by human actors politics
    in the best sense of the word.
  • Increasingly, democratic values and aspirations
    are becoming universal
  • a change of heart
  • Question can the whole world become democratic?

5
POLITICAL REGIME TYPES
  • Electoral democracy free and fair elections
  • Liberal democracy democratic elections
    thick dimensions (citizen rights)
  • Illiberal democracy elections without all other
    attributes (citizen rights)
  • Pseudemocracy ? electoral authoritarian regimes
  • Note authoritarianism ? totalitarianism

6
QUERIES
  • Is democracy a luxury? Proposition the richer
    the country, the greater the chance that it would
    sustain democracy
  • Is democracy a Western concept?
  • therefore not universal
  • clash of civilizations thesis
  • Islam the problem? see p. 35
  • Asian values thesis
  • Survey support for democracy p. 33

7
THE DEMOCRATIC BOOM
  • the greatest transformation in the way states
    are governed in the history of the world p. 6
  • Waves (à la Huntington)
  • First 1828-1926, reversals 1922-42
  • Second 1943-62, reversals 1958-75
  • Third 1974-present? reversals 1999-
  • Key events Philippines 1986, Eastern Europe
    1989, North Africa 2011?

8
FEATURES OF THE THIRD WAVE
  • 1. snowballing
  • 2. negotiated (pacted)
  • 3. role of civil society
  • 4. electoral process
  • 5. global phenomenon
  • Of 110 nondemocratic states in 1974, 63 (57)
    underwent democratic transition
  • About 60 of all countries democratic

9
REVERSALS
  • Pakistan (1999)
  • deterioration in rule of law
  • ethnic and religious polarization
  • economic failure, corruption
  • The curse of oil
  • resources for repression
  • corruption
  • socioeconomic inequality
  • escalation of internal conflict
  • no taxes, no representation
  • wealth an illusion

10
WHAT DRIVES DEMOCRACY?
  • Internal factors
  • Authoritarian failures and divisions
  • Economic development middle class
  • psychic mobility and democratic values
  • emergence of civil society
  • External factors
  • Diffusion and demonstration effects
  • Leverage and linkage
  • Sanctions and conditionality
  • Democracy assistance
  • Regional influence
  • Organization of American States
  • European Union (EU), Commonwealth of Nations
  • African Union, Arab League

11
WHAT SUSTAINS DEMOCRACY?
  • Political culture
  • Civil society
  • Management of diversity
  • Accountability and rule of law
  • the lesson of Indias remarkable experience is
    that even modest but consistent economic
    development, combined with a decent functioning
    and gradual deepening of democratic institutions,
    can sustain a free political system just about
    anywhere (p. 168).

12
THOUGHTS ON CURRENT EVENTS
  • Acceptance of authoritarian rule
  • Claims to legitimacy
  • Economic (or other) performance
  • Repression and fear
  • Protest against misrule
  • Economic failure, international humiliation
  • Corruption and inequality
  • Exclusion of new elites
  • Support for democracy? Or for an alternative
    dictatorship?

13
ANALYTICAL TOOLS
  • Collier and Levitsky,
  • Democracy with Adjectives

14
(No Transcript)
15
(No Transcript)
16
(No Transcript)
17
(No Transcript)
18
(No Transcript)
About PowerShow.com