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Africa

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Africa & the Age of the Atlantic Slave Trade Chapter 20 The Atlantic Slave Trade Formation of the Trade First contact based on mutually beneficial trade of goods ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Africa


1
Africa the Age of the Atlantic Slave Trade
  • Chapter 20

2
The Atlantic Slave Trade
  • Formation of the Trade
  • First contact based on mutually beneficial trade
    of goods
  • Factories
  • Portugal established pattern mirrored by other
    Europeans

3
Expanding the Trade
  • Sugar impetus for expansion
  • First, Atlantic islands (Canary Islands)
  • Brazil, Caribbean
  • 1700s great age of Atlantic slavery
  • 15 million Africans enslaved b/t 1450-1850

4
Organization of the Trade
  • Male slaves preferred in Atlantic
  • Arduous, brutal process trading slaves for
    weapons
  • Triangle Trade
  • Reciprocal benefits for European African nations

5
Africa the Slave Trade
  • Slavery historically accepted in Africa
  • Slave women often preferred

6
Slaving African Politics
  • Groups consolidated power by expanding trading
    prisoners of war
  • Politics orients toward coast, but not on coast
  • Role of the gun ? slave cycle

7
the Sudan (savannas of W. Af)
Hausa Yoruba
Asante
Dahomey
Swahili Coast (E. Africa)
Kongo
8
Asante Dahomey
  • Process developing authoritarian rule complex
    govt quickened
  • Asante
  • Dahomey
  • Economically dependent on slave trade

9
Kongo
  • Europeanized by slave trade
  • Desire to limit slave trade political divisions
    undermined the Kongo government

10
Cultural Development
  • Political artistic development continued
    despite European contact
  • Population growth subordination of women due to
    European contact

11
Africa beyond the Atlantic Trade
  • East Africa, the Sudan, Southern Africa all
    developed differently due to their isolation from
    the Triangle Trade

12
East Africa the Sudan
  • E. Af
  • Area of competing interests African, Middle
    Eastern, European
  • luxury items slaves still largely for Middle
    Eastern markets
  • Sudan
  • Renewed Islamization further changed culture
    intensified slavery

13
South Africa
  • Temperate climate meant land was desired by many
    groups
  • Bantu farmers in interior
  • Dutch Boers/Afrikaners create coastal outpost but
    pushed to interior by British colonists
  • Shaka Zulu led militarized tribal expansion
  • Established violent competition for land b/t S.
    Af Europeans

14
Global Connections
  • Africa enters the world economy, for better or
    worse
  • Africa forced to adapt in ways that weakened it
    aided colonization
  • Legacy of the slave trade lingers long after
    slavery was abolished
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