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Roman Conquests: The Expansion of Rome

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Roman Conquests: The Expansion of Rome Entry # 9 Objective Explain the importance of the Punic Wars to Roman history The Punic Wars (246 BCE-146 BCE) Phases of the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Roman Conquests: The Expansion of Rome


1
Roman Conquests The Expansion of Rome
  • Entry 9

2
Objective
  • Explain the importance of the Punic Wars to Roman
    history

3
The Punic Wars (246 BCE-146 BCE)
  • Phases of the War
  • Phase 1 264 BCE-244 BCE
  • Phase 2 218 BCE-201 BCE
  • Phase 3 149 BCE-146 BCE

4
Carthage
  • Carthage
  • Phoenician city-state in N. Africa
  • Grew to an empire due to its successful sea trade

5
The Western Mediterranean in 264 BCE.
6
1st Punic War (264-244 BCE)
A Roman Corvus, or boarding device. It was the
reason why Rome was able to win the 1st Punic War
  • Reason for war
  • Control of the Mediterranean Sea
  • Rome dominates on water with Navy
  • Takes Sicilyinvades Africa
  • Rome wins

7
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8
2nd Punic War (218-201 BCE)
  • Carthage invades Italian Peninsula
  • Hannibal, the great Carthaginian General, decides
    to invade the Italian Peninsula, marches toward
    Rome
  • Seeks to destroy Romewins every battle on Roman
    soil

9
Hannibals invasion route of the Italian
Peninsula during the 3rd Century BCE. Predict the
problem Hannibal has in getting the Romans to
surrender.
10
Painting of Hannibal crossing over the Italian
Alps
The Alps mountains. Predict what problems
Hannibal may have had crossing the mountains
11
The Battle of Cunnae
  • Hannibal destroys a much larger Roman army
  • Attacks Roman cavalry

12
Hannibals Only Mistake
General Scipio Africanus
  • Hannibal NEVER attacks Rome
  • Hannibal has to returns to Carthage due to
    invasion by Roman General Scipio Africanus

13
The Battle of Zama (202)
14
The Importance of the Punic Wars
  1. Romans now control coastal areas of Spain,
    Africa, and Middle East
  2. Lands divided into provinces (self-governed
    areas)

15
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