AP World History - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – AP World History PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 72b86d-MDMzM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

AP World History

Description:

Journal 12-1-14Why did the Western Roman Empire Fall? Internal Pressures. Power struggle (between 235 -241 ce 41 different people claimed to be emperor) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:51
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 44
Provided by: pbwo329
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: AP World History


1
AP World History
  • Chapter 17 20 Christianity and Medieval Europe
  • Unit 3

2
Journal 11-30-15 Why did the Western Roman Empire
Fall?
  • Internal Pressures
  • Power struggle (between 235 -241 ce 41 different
    people claimed to be emperor)
  • Empire was too large
  • Soldiers loyal to Generals rather than Rome
  • Disease (small pox measles) ravaged population
  • External Pressures ( Hun invasions, Visigoths,
    Ostrogoth's, Vandals, and Franks)

3
What were the contributions of Charlemagne's
reign, and why did it ultimately fail to last
very long?
  • Used missi dominici
  • extended empire to northeast Spain, Bavaria,
    north Italy
  • Created schools emphasis on arts ( Carolingian
    Renaissance)
  • It fell because Charlemagne's only surviving son
    lost control of the counts
  • Divided empire among Charlemagnes sons

4
What role did the serfs play in early medieval
Europe? What was life like on the manor?
  • Worked the land for the lords in return for
    protection and small plots of land
  • Could not leave land without permission
  • Manor Large estate consisting of fields,
    meadows, forests, domestic animals, lakes,
    rivers, Serfs bound to the land
  • Had bakeries, mills, breweries, wineries

5
Friendly Reminders ?
  • Read chapters 17 20
  • Discussion question due before Friday

6
Periodization
Early Middle Ages 500 1000 High Middle Ages
1000 1250 Late Middle Ages 1250 - 1500
7
Europe in the 6th century
8
Dark Ages
  • 500 -1000
  • a time of decreased architectural building
    techniques, organized government, and less long
    distance trade.
  • Most Germanic people could not read or write
  • Decentralized governments

9
What was the one unifying factor in Western
Europe?
  • the church controlled about 1/3 of the land in
    Western Europe.
  • tithe ? 1/10 tax on your assets given to the
    church.

Notre Dame Cathedral- Paris, France
10
(No Transcript)
11
(No Transcript)
12
Carolingian Empire (Carol means Charles in Latin)
13
The Rise of the Franks ( temporary revival)
Clovis
  • Under ________ the Franks become the dominant
    power in Western Europe
  • Clovis converted to _________, which in turn
    helped the Franks the gain the support of the
    Catholic Church

Christianity
14
Charles Martel The Hammer
  • Charles Martel founder of the Carolingian Empire
  • Known for his military prowess
  • Defeated the Muslims in the Battle of Tours

15
Charlemagne 742 to 814
  • United Western Europe
  • Missi Dominici- Envoys of the Lord Ruler to
    watch his provinces
  • Defender of Roman Catholicism
  • Capital _at_Aachen, established centralized rule
  • History Teachers Song Charlemagne

16
Charlemagnes Empire
17
The Carolingian Renaissance
18
Pope Crowned Charlemagne Holy Roman Emperor Dec.
25, 800
19
Charlemagnes Empire Holy Roman Empire
20
Charlemagnes Empire Collapses Treaty of Verdun,
843
21
Carolingian Demise
  • Charlemagne sons grandsons lost control of the
    empire in 30 years
  • Muslims raided from the south, Magyars raided
    from the East, Vikings from the North

Viking Long boat- Shallow draft boat
22
Monasticism
  • St. Benedict (480-547) establishes rules
    poverty, chastity, obedience.
  • Agricultural laborers, worked in scriptoriums,
    ran inns, hospitals, orphanages.

St. Benedict established monastic rules.
23
A Medieval Monastery The Scriptorium
24
A Medieval Monks Day
25
The Medieval Manor
  • Manor Large estate consisting of fields,
    meadows, forests, domestic animals, lakes,
    rivers, Serfs bound to the land
  • Had bakeries, mills, breweries, wineries

26
(No Transcript)
27
Manorialism
  • Manors were primary sources of agricultural
    production
  • Large estate controlled by the lord and deputies

28
Feudalism A Land Divided
A political, economic, and social system based on
loyalty and military service.
29
Serfs
  • Not fully free nor fully slave
  • Worked the land for the lords in return for
    protection and small plots of land
  • Could not leave land without permission
  • Worked 3-4 days for lord

30
What were the Crusades?
  • 11th-14th century European Christian campaigns to
    retake Holy land and convert Muslims
  • History Teachers Song on Crusades
  • Crusades crash course

31
(No Transcript)
32
Why did Christians go on Crusades?
  • Religious Motives retake the Holy land from the
    Muslims
  • Economic Motives wanted access to trade routes
    (silk spices)
  • Political Motives help the Byzantines retake
    land from the Seljuk Turks

33
Results of the Crusades
  • Europe was re-introduced to Greco-Roman Culture
  • Discovered Spoils of the East as silk, rice,
    glass, coffee, citrus products
  • European technology improved (Compass, astrolabe,
    gunpowder)
  • Weakened manorialism system Feudalism

34
Economics of the Late Middle Ages
  • Guilds-
  • Regulated production and sale of goods
  • Established standards of quality for manufactured
    goods
  • Determined prices and regulated entry of new
    workers

35
Hanseatic League
  • The Hanseatic League is an organization of cities
    in Northern Germany and Southern Scandinavia.
    They were grouped for the sole purpose of
    commercial alliance. They formed the league to
    encourage trade. Since the start of banking in
    Europe, it became possible for the countries to
    organize commercial trades with each other. The
    people from the Hanseatic cities would go
    anywhere to gain a profit and to trade. The
    league mostly traded timber, furs, tar, wheat and
    rye from the east to the countries in the west.
    They eastern countries traded their items for
    cloth from the west.

36
New Technology leads to population growth
  • _______ rotation
  • Heavy plows
  • Water mills (mills for processing cloth, brewing
    beer, or grinding flour)

37
What new technologies led to an increase in
agricultural production in the Post Classical
period?
  • Mold Board Plow
  • Crop Rotation
  • Horse collar

38
What were the affects of migration in time period
3 ( 600ce-1450?
  • Vikings (using their longboats) migrated from the
    Northern European settling into Western European
    lands

39
Describe gender roles in W. Europe during the
Middle Ages
  • Code of Chivalry- honor system that emphasized
    loyalty and gentlemen like behavior
  • Very Patriarchal land equaled power women could
    not inherit land or rule it
  • Women were admired for beauty and compassion or
    femine qualities

40
Historians use the term Middle Ages to refer to.?
  • the era from about 500 to 1500 C.E.

41
In the Early Middle Ages, the economic activity
of Western Europe was
  • predominantly agricultural

42
The Holy Roman Empire was neither holy, nor
Roman, nor an empire because
  • the emperors were not crowned by the popes
  • the Byzantine emperors did not acknowledge the
    Holy Roman Empire
  • the people who lived there did not practice
    Christianity
  • it did not restore imperial unity to Western
    Europe

43
Which one of the following statements does not
describe the crusades?
  1. The campaigns showed European military
    superiority to Muslim armies.
  2. One of the crusades conquered Constantinople
    instead of recapturing Palestine
  3. The crusaders traded eagerly with Muslim
    merchants in the eastern Mediterranean.
  4. The crusaders brought many Muslim ideas back to
    Europe with them.
  5. The crusaders introduced to Europe new
    agricultural products they learned about from the
    Muslims.
About PowerShow.com