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IMPACT OF THE INDUSTRIAL REV.

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NEGATIVE IMPACTS ENVIRONMENT ... THOMAS MALTHUS Malthus argued that the poverty of the working class was the result of overpopulation and that it could best be ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: IMPACT OF THE INDUSTRIAL REV.


1
IMPACT OF THE INDUSTRIAL REV.
  • NEGATIVE IMPACTS SOCIETY
  • Increased disparities in income
  • The wages standards of living of the workers
    varied with the fluctuations of the business
    cycle workers standards of living did not
    improve until the 1850s.
  • The real beneficiaries were the middle classes.
    Rising incomes allowed the middle class to build
    their own businesses, to keep women at home, to
    develop a moral code that stood in contrast to
    the squalor and drunkenness of the working class.


2
IMPACT OF THE INDUSTRIAL REV.
  • NEGATIVE IMPACTS ENVIRONMENT
  • Deforestation Fossil fuels
  • An ongoing problem Americans transformed their
    environment even faster than Europeans did,
    clearing land, using it until the soil was
    depleted, and then moving on.
  • Agricultural raw materials were replaced by
    industrial materials or by imports, while the use
    of coal and the availability of cheap iron
    reduced the demand for wood.


3
IMPACT OF THE INDUSTRIAL REV.
  • NEGATIVE IMPACTS ENVIRONMENT
  • Filthy environments
  • Rapid urbanization left cities with inadequate
    facilities for sewage disposal, air and water
    pollution, and diseases that made urban life
    unhealthy and contributed to high infant
    mortality and short life expectancy.
  • Reports of the horrors of slum life led to
    municipal reforms that began to alleviate the
    ills of urban life after the mid-nineteenth
    century.


4
IMPACT OF THE INDUSTRIAL REV.
  • ADAM SMITH
  • Smith was the most famous proponent of the
    laissez-faire doctrine that government should
    refrain from interfering in business.
  • Business people welcomed the idea of laissez
    faire.


5
IMPACT OF THE INDUSTRIAL REV.
  • THOMAS MALTHUS

Malthus argued that the poverty of the working
class was the result of overpopulation and that
it could best be addressed, not by government
action, but by delayed marriage and sexual
restraint.

6
IMPACT OF THE INDUSTRIAL REV.
  • INDUSTRIALIZATION IN INDIA
  • Cheap machine-made British textiles forced Indian
    spinners and hand-weavers out of work.
  • Most became landless peasants, and India became
    an exporter of raw materials and an importer of
    British industrial goods.


7
IMPACT OF THE INDUSTRIAL REV.
  • INDUSTRIALIZATION IN INDIA (cont.)
  • Railroads, coal mining, and telegraph lines were
    introduced to India in the mid-nineteenth
    century.
  • Some Indian entrepreneurs were able to establish
    their own textile mills but, overall, Indias
    industrialization proceeded at a very slow pace
    because the British administration did nothing to
    encourage Indian industry.


8
IMPACT OF THE INDUSTRIAL REV.
  • INDUSTRIALIZATION IN INDIA (cont.)


9
IMPACT OF THE INDUSTRIAL REV.
  • INDUSTRIALIZATION IN INDIA (cont.)


10
IMPACT OF THE INDUSTRIAL REV.
  • INDUSTRIALIZATION IN EGYPT
  • In the early 19th century, Egypts ruler Muhammad
    Ali undertook a program of industrialization that
    was funded by the export of wheat and cotton and
    protected by high tariffs on imported goods.


11
IMPACT OF THE INDUSTRIAL REV.
  • INDUSTRIALIZATION IN EGYPT
  • The prospect of a powerful modern Egypt posed a
    threat to the British, so in 1839, Britain forced
    Muhammad Ali to eliminate all import duties.
  • Without tariff protection, Egypts industries
    could not compete with cheap British products
    Egypt became an economic dependency of Britain.

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