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AP%20Literature%20and%20Composition

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AP Literature and Composition ... Eco-Criticism Marxist Criticism Marxist criticism asserts that economics provides the foundation for ... and ideological reality. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: AP%20Literature%20and%20Composition


1
AP Literature and Composition
September 16, 2011 Mr. Houghteling Its a
Flex-day Friday, and because its Friday, you
know what that means...
2
Its great to be alive!
3
Agenda
  • Analysis of The Giving Tree using the different
    Literary Criticism perspectives

4
Literary Criticism some types
  • Historical Criticism
  • Archetypal Criticism
  • Gender Criticism
  • Marxist Criticism
  • Eco-Criticism
  • Reader Response Criticism

5
Archetypal Criticism (1)
  • Archetypal criticism argues that archetypes
    determine the form and function of literary
    works, that a text's meaning is shaped by
    cultural and psychological myths. Archetypes are
    the unknowable basic forms personified or
    solidified in recurring images, symbols, or
    patterns.

6
Archetypal Criticism (2)
  • These patterns may include motifs such as the
    quest or the heavenly ascent, recognizable
    character types such as the trickster or the
    hero, symbols such as the apple or snake, or
    images such as crucifixion (as in King Kong, or
    Bride of Frankenstein)all laden with meaning
    already when employed in a particular work.

7
Historical Criticism (1)
  • Historical Criticism insisted that to understand
    a literary piece, we need to understand the
    author's biography and social background, ideas
    circulating at the time, and the cultural
    environment.

8
Historical Criticism (2)
  • New Historicism seeks to find meaning in a text
    by considering the text within the framework of
    the prevailing ideas and assumptions of its
    historical era. New Historicists concern
    themselves with the political function of
    literature and with the concept of power, the
    intricate means by which cultures produce and
    reproduce themselves.

9
Gender Critical Perspective
  • Gender interpretation focuses on relationships
    between genders, including patterns of thought,
    behavior, and power in relations between and
    within the sexes.
  • For example, a gender reading of Cinderella may
    take into account the idea of power relationships
    between the men and women of the novel.

10
Eco-Criticism
Eco-criticism is a form of criticism based on an
ecological perspective. It investigates the
relationship between humans and the natural world
in literature, including how individuals in
society behave and react in relation to the
nature.
11
Marxist Criticism
Marxist criticism asserts that economics provides
the foundation for all social, political, and
ideological reality. Examining social groups and
their influences is one of the most accessible
ways to use Marxist criticism. (the Haves vs.
Have-nots)
12
Storytime
  • The Giving Tree by Shel Silverstein

13
Literary Criticism Circles
  • Meet in groups of four.
  • Review the criticism your group has been given.
    Solidify your understanding of the criticism.
  • Reread The Giving Tree, analyzing the text
    through the perspective of your criticism.
  • Write down at least five observations or
    conclusions that your group has made relative to
    your literary criticism perspective.
  • On the paper provided, record your groups
    observations.

14
Homework
  • Which school of criticism interests you the most?
    ?
  • Write a short personal reflection about how the
    criticism affected your interpretation of the
    story.
  • Which school of criticism did you find most
    applicable to The Giving Tree?

15
The Giving Tree Gender Criticism
  • The female tree can be interpreted as Mother
    Earth, or simply a mother, sustaining the
    dominant male first with enjoyment and food and
    later with the means to provide shelter and
    transportation.

16
The Giving Tree Marxist Criticism
  • When the boy is young, he is content simply to
    play with the tree climbing up her trunk,
    gathering her apples, and sleeping in her shade.
    However, as he grows older, he becomes
    increasingly demanding of the trees resources.
    He is no longer content to enjoy the trees
    company, but rather he seeks the tree for
    financial and materialistic gain.

17
The Giving Tree Eco-Criticism
  • Man is dependent on nature for survival the man
    systematically destroys the tree in order to get
    what he wants in order to be happy.

18
The Giving Tree Archetypal Criticism
  • The treewith her branches, her trunk, and her
    applesis the giver of life, reiterating the
    archetype of nature as provider for man.

19
Homework
  • Which school of criticism interests you the most?
    ?
  • Write a short personal reflection about how the
    criticism affected your interpretation of the
    story.
  • Which school of criticism did you find most
    applicable to The Giving Tree?
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