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The Causes of World War II

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The Causes of World War II Long Term Causes: 1) Discontent about the Treaty of Versailles 2) Worldwide economic depression 3) Rise of totalitarian governments – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Causes of World War II


1
The Causes of World War II
  • Long Term Causes
  • 1) Discontent about the Treaty of Versailles
  • 2) Worldwide economic depression
  • 3) Rise of totalitarian governments
  • A. Axis Totalitarianism desire to destroy
    democracy
  • B. Axis Militarism - vast sums spent on war
    preparations war a glorious adventure death
    for the Fatherland the highest honor
  • C. Axis Nationalism - Japan, Italy, and Germany
    destined to rule over lesser peoples
  • D. Axis Imperialism - lacked land and resources
    were have-not nations

2
The Causes of World War II (contd)
  • Subsidiary Causes of World War II
  • A. Failure of Appeasement Neville Chamberlain
  • Final application ? Munich Conference
  • B. Failure of Collective Security - democratic
    nations shrank from any military action US ?
    neutral UK FR delay a firm alliance until
    1939
  • Note USSR urged collective security (fear of
    Nazi Germany) democratic nations reluctant
  • C. American Neutrality Legislation - no help to
    ill- equipped victims of Axis no US
    intervention to check Axis

3
AJP Taylor WWII
  • 1961 Argued Hitler should not shoulder sole or
    major responsibility for the war
  • Claimed Hitler was a typical German statesman
    pursuing typical German ends simply took
    advantage of situations (not evil)
  • Hitler did not want war in 1939 (accidental)
  • Functionalists Hitler NOT in control of all
  • Intentionalists Hitler in CONTROL (Most
    historians) German FP a refelction of his goals

4
AJP Taylor WWII
  • WWI had neither satisfied nor crushed Germanys
    expansionist ambitions
  • Taylor blamed the Versailles peacemakers
    claimed WWII was implicit since the settlement
    left Germany embittered but failed to reduce its
    latent power
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