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Literary Terms

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Title: Slide 1 Author: Family Varnell Last modified by: rstuart Created Date: 7/31/2014 6:14:56 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Literary Terms


1
Literary Terms Notes!!!
Keep up with these notes. Dont lose these terms!
I might be able to use them be RESPONSIBLE!!
2
Contains the following terms
Antagonist Protagonist Diction Denotation Conno
tation Imagery Mood Plot Anaphora Expositio
n Rising Action Climax Falling
Action Resolution Conflict Flashback Foreshadow
ing Suspense Point of View Paradox Parallelism S
etting Theme Tone Figures of
Speech Hyperbole Irony Antithesis Juxtaposition
Metaphor Simile Oxymoron Personification Allit
eration
3
Indirect vs. Direct Characterization
  • Indirect
  • Direct
  • When information is learned about the character
    through the ___________________.
  • Ex Oh, Im so upset that I cant reach the
    sardines on that top shelf!
  • When the author _________ descriptions/information
    about the character
  • Ex He was a short man that loved sardines.

4
Protagonist
  • The Protagonist is the _________ _____________ in
    a literary work
  • Can you name some famous Protagonists that are
    found in literature?

5
Antagonist
  • The Antagonist is a character or force
    _____________ with a main character, or
    protagonist.

6
Character Types
  • There are several character types
  • _________ character-one of the most important
    characters in the story.
  • __________ character- all other characters.
  • __________ character- they show varied and
    contradictory traits.
  • _________ character- reveals only one personality
    trait.

7
Character Types Cont.
  • _______________- a flat character that is
    familiar and often repeated. (Dumb Blonde, Dumb
    Jock, Band Nerd, etc.).
  • ____________ character- develops within in the
    course of a literary work.
  • _________ character- they remain the same
    throughout the entire story.
  • ________- a character, usually minor, designed to
    highlight qualities of a major character.

8
Diction
  • Diction is the manner in which we express
    _________ the wording used.
  • Diction enunciation
  • Some easy examples are
  • Dont say goin say going, Dont
    say wanna say want to

9
Denotation
The denotation of a word is its
__________________ meaning, independent of other
associations that the word may have.
10
Connotation
The connotation of a word is the set of
___________ associated with it in addition to its
explicit meaning. The connotation of a word can
be personal, based on individual experiences.
More often, ____________ connotations those
recognizable by most people in a group
determine a writers word choices.
11
Denotation versus Connotation
Examples Cheap is low in cost (denotation)
but stingy or poorly made are the
connotations of cheap
12
Lets use the word HOT The denotation (or
dictionary definition remember d in denotation
dictionary) of HOT is having a temperature
higher than that of a human body. However, when
you say Man! He/She is hot!, are you saying
Man! He is having a temperature higher than
that of a human body!? No!! You are saying
the CONNOTATION of HOT which could mean a
variety of things man he/she is cute,
attractive, beautiful, and many other meanings
those come from personal experiences and cultural
meanings, etc.
13
Imagery
  • Imagery is words or phrases that appeal to one or
    more of the ___ _______. Writers use imagery to
    describe how their subjects look, sound, feel,
    taste, and smell.

14
MOOD
Mood, or atmosphere, is the _________ created in
the reader by a literary work or passage.
Writers use many devices to create mood,
including images, dialogue, setting, and plot.
Often, a writer creates a mood at the beginning
of a work and then sustains the mood throughout.
Sometimes, however, the mood of the work changes
dramatically.
15
Plot
Plot is the _____________ of events. The first
event causes the second, the second causes the
third, and so forth. In most novels, dramas,
short stories, and narrative poems, the plot
involves both characters and a central conflict.
The plot usually begins with an exposition that
introduces the setting, the characters, and the
basic situation. This is introduced and
developed. The conflict then increases until it
reaches a high point of interest or suspense, the
climax. The climax is followed by the falling
action, or end, of the central conflict. Any
events that occur during the falling action make
up the resolution.
16
PLOTLINE
C.____________
_B.___________
D.____________
E.____________
A.______________
Conflict Introduced
17
Exposition
The Exposition is the _____________. It is the
part of the work that introduces the characters,
setting, and basic situation.
18
Rising Action
Rising Action is the part of the plot that begins
to occur as soon as the _____________ is
introduced. The rising action adds complications
to the conflict and increases reader interest.
19
Climax
The Climax is the point of greatest emotional
intensity, interest, or suspense in the plot of a
narrative. The climax typically comes at the
_________ point in a story or drama.
20
Falling Action
Falling Action is the action that typically
______________ the climax and reveals its
__________.
21
Resolution
The Resolution is the part of the plot that
concludes the falling action by revealing or
suggesting the _____________ of the conflict.
22
Conflict
Conflict is the struggle between opposing forces
in a story or play. There are ______ types of
conflict that exist in literature.
23
External Conflict
External conflict exists when a character
struggles against some ___________ force, such as
another character, nature, society, or fate. Man
vs. _______ Man vs. ________ Man vs.
_________
24
Internal Conflict
Internal conflict exists __________ the mind of a
character who is torn between different courses
of action. Man vs. __________
25
Flashback
A flashback is a literary device in which an
___________ episode, conversation, or event is
inserted into the sequence of events. Often
flashbacks are presented as a ____________ of the
narrator or of another character.
26
Flashback continued
The movie Titanic is told almost entirely in a
flashback. What are some other films that
contain flashback to help tell stories? Holes Wil
ly Wonka Think of some more
27
Foreshadowing
  • Foreshadowing is the authors use of clues to
    ________ at what might happen __________ in the
    story. Writers use foreshadowing to build their
    readers expectations and to create suspense.
    This is used to help readers prepare for what is
    to come.

28
Can you think of an element of foreshadowing?
29
Suspense
Suspense is the ____________ interest and
excitement readers experience while awaiting a
climax or resolution in a work of literature. It
is a feeling of anxious uncertainty about the
outcome of events. Writers create suspense by
raising __________________ in the minds of their
readers.
30
Point of View
Point of View is the _______________, or vantage
point, from which a story is told. It is the
relationship of the narrator to the
story. _______-person is told by a character who
uses the first-person pronoun I. ________-person
limited point of view is the point of view where
the narrator uses third-person pronouns such as
he and she to refer to the characters.
________-person omniscient- same as limited but
the narrator is all knowing.
31
Setting
  • The setting of a literary work is the _______ and
    _________ of the action.
  • The setting includes all the _____________ of a
    place and time the year, the time of day, even
    the weather. The place may be a specific
    country, state, region, community, neighborhood,
    building, institution, or home.
  • In most stories, the setting serves as a backdrop
    a context in which the characters interact.
    The setting of a story often helps to create a
    particular mood, or feeling.

32
Theme
  • The theme of a literary work is its
    ________________ __________, concern, or purpose.
    A theme can usually be expressed as a
    generalization, or general statement, about
    people or life. The theme may be stated directly
    by the writer although it is more often presented
    indirectly. When the theme is stated indirectly,
    the reader must figure out the theme by looking
    carefully at what the work reveals about the
    people or about ____________.

33
Tone
  • Tone is a reflection of a writers or speakers
    _____________ toward a subject of a poem, story,
    or other literary work. Tone may be communicated
    through words and details that express particular
    emotions and that evoke an _____________ response
    from the reader.
  • For example, word choice or phrasing may seem to
    convey respect, anger, lightheartedness, or
    sarcasm.

34
A brief word on tone and theme
  • Diction creates Tone
  • Tone creates Theme
  • The Theme of a story is NEVER one word!!!
  • Example The theme of Romeo and Juliet is NOT
    Love. What was Shakespeare really saying about
    teenage love?

35
Figures of Speech
A figure of speech is a specific device or kind
of figurative language, such as hyperbole,
metaphor, personification, simile, or
understatement. Figurative language is used for
______________ effect, often to imply ideas
indirectly. It is not meant to be taken
literally. Figurative language is used to state
ideas in _________ and imaginative ways.
36
Metaphor
A Metaphor is a type of speech that __________ or
equates two or more things that have something in
common. A metaphor does NOT use like or
as. Example Life is a box of
chocolates.
37
Simile
A Simile is another figure of speech that
compares seemingly ___________ things. Similes
DO use the words like or as. Example Her voice
was like nails on a
chalkboard. NOT a simile I am not as
fast as Michael. (there is NO comparison of
unlike things going on here)
38
Oxymoron
An Oxymoron is a figure of speech that is a
combination of seemingly ________________ words.
Examples Same difference Pretty
ugly Jumbo shrimp
39
Personification
Personification is a figure of speech in which an
animal, object, force of nature, or idea is given
_____________ qualities or characteristics.
ExampleTears began to fall from the dark
clouds.
40
Alliteration
Alliteration is the repetition of __________,
most often consonant sounds, at the
________________ of words. Alliteration gives
emphasis to words. Example Peter Piper picked a
peck of pickled peppers
41
Irony
  • Irony is when something happens that is the
    ______________ of whats expected.
  • ________________ Irony when the audience knows
    what will happen before the characters
  • _______________ Irony when something happens
    thats unexpected
  • ____________ Irony when a character says one
    thing but means another (over/understated)

42
Hyperbole
  • A hyperbole is an ______________
    over-exageration.
  • Ex Yo mamas so fat, shes got her own zip code.

43
Paradox
  • A statement that _______________ itself
  • Ex I always lie.
  • Ex She hid inside herself.

44
Anaphora
  • The ____________ of the same word or group of
    words at the beginning of successive clauses it
    helps to establish a strong rhythm and produces a
    powerful ____________ effect.
  • Ex I have a dream

45
Parallelism
  • Parallelism is the use of components in a
    sentence that are grammatically the ______ or
    _____________ in their construction, sound,
    meaning or meter.
  • This method adds balance and _________ to
    sentences giving ideas a smoother flow and thus
    can be persuasive because of the repetition it
    employs.

46
Example of Parallelism
  • "Today's students can put dope in their veins or
    hope in their brains. If they can conceive it and
    believe it, they can achieve it. They must know
    it is not their aptitude but their attitude that
    will determine their altitude." - Jesse Jackson

47
Juxtaposition
  • Juxtaposition is a literary technique in which
    two or more ___________, places, characters and
    their actions are placed side by side in a
    narrative or a poem for the purpose of developing
    comparisons and _____________.
  • Ex O, she doth teach the torches to burn
    bright! It seems she hangs upon the cheek of
    night Like a rich jewel in an Ethiopes ear
  • Shakespeare uses the juxtaposition of light and
    darkness here to describe Juliets beauty.

48
Antithesis
  • Antithesis, literal meaning ____________, is a
    rhetorical device in which two opposite ideas are
    put together in a sentence to achieve a
    _______________ effect.
  • Ex It was the best of times, it was the worst
    of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the
    age of foolishness,
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