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Artificial Intelligence

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Artificial Intelligence hydraulic theory Ren Descartes (1596-1650) Loom Joseph Jaquard Punch-card program Product 1752-1834 Joseph Jaquard Charles Babbage ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Artificial Intelligence


1
Artificial Intelligence
hydraulic theory
René Descartes (1596-1650)
2
Joseph Jaquard
1752-1834
Punch-card program
Product
Loom
3
Joseph Jaquard
4
Charles Babbage
(1791-1871)
difference engine
5
Herman Hollerith coding
1860-1929
The pins that were positioned over holes would be
able to pass through the cards. Upon passing
through the cards, the pins became submerged in
mercury, thus completing the circuit.
The Hollerith Cards, as they became known, could
be prepared in any order and stored in a logical
manner.
6
Alan Turing
German Enigma machine
Relay-based computer
(1912-1954)
7
Computer-based Artificial Intelligence
Checkers - too simple?
Chess - too simple?
Kasparov vs. Big Blue
8
Perceptron
1928 - 1969
The perceptron is a type of artificial neural
network invented in 1957 at Cornell by Frank
Rosenblatt. It can be seen as the simplest kind
of feedforward neural network a linear
classifier.
"the fundamental laws of organization which are
common to all information handling systems,
machines and men included, may eventually be
understood."
9
Parallel Distributed Processing
A multilayer perceptron (PDP network).
The network learns weights through examples
(learns distances between cities in Alberta).
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