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Climate%20Verses%20Weather

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Activator Videos Weather and Climate Intro Cocorahs ... and amount of precipitation Tropical Wet or wet/dry Dry ... temperate climate Humid ocean ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Climate%20Verses%20Weather


1
Climate Verses Weather
  • Is there a difference?

2
Activator Videos
  • Weather and Climate Intro
  • Cocorahs Cartoon Clip

3
Whats the difference between weather and climate?
  • Climate
  • Long-term weather patterns of an area
  • Weather
  • Current state of the troposphere
  • (lowest level of the atmosphere)
  • Short term variations

4
Climatology
  • The study of Earths climate and the factors that
    affect past, present, and future climatic changes
  • Drilling and studying ice cores

5
Normals
  • Average values over a long period of time for a
    location
  • Harrisburg, PA

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Average high in F 38 41 51 63 73 81
Average low in F 23 25 33 42 51 61
Average precipitation in inch 3.19 2.87 3.58 3.31 4.61 3.98
6
What Causes Different Climates?
  • Latitude (equator/poles)
  • Elevation (Altitude)
  • Geography (near mountains, water, etc.)
  • Topography (mountains, plains)

7
LATITUDE
8
CLIMATE TYPE
Polar
Temperate
Tropics
Tropics
Temperate
Polar
9
Climate RegionsWorld Biomes - Intro to climate
  • Tropics -
  • Most solar radiation, generally warm
  • Between Tropics of Capricorn and Cancer
  • Temperate
  • Between 23.5 and 66.5 North and South
  • Mild temperatures
  • Polar
  • 66.5 North and South to the Poles
  • Cold Temperatures

10
Koeppen Classification System
  • Classified based on temperature and amount of
    precipitation
  • Tropical Wet or wet/dry
  • Dry
  • Temperate Marine
  • Temperate Continental
  • Highlands
  • Polar

11
Tropics
  • Tropical Wet
  • Tropical Wet and Dry
  • Less rainfall and distinct dry and rainy seasons
  • Tropical grasslands called savannas are found
    here
  • Year round heat and heavy rainfall
  • Dense forests called rainforests

12
Dry Climates - amount of precipitation is less
than the amount of water that could evaporate.
Usually far from oceans or in the rain shadow of
mountains
  • Arid
  • Semi-arid
  • Also known as deserts
  • Less than 25 cms of rain/yr
  • Extreme temperatures hot during day and cold
    during night
  • Also called steppes
  • Usually located on the edges of deserts
  • Gets enough rainfall for short grasses and low
    bushes to grow

13
Temperate Marine Climate
  • Marine West Coast
  • Mediterranean

Climates are drier and warmer. In winter, ocean
air masses bring cool, rainy weather.
  • Coolest temperate climate
  • Humid ocean air brings cool rainy summers, and
    mild rainy winters
  • Example Seattle, WA

Humid Subtropical
Wet and warm, but not as constantly hot as the
tropics
14
Temperate Continental Climate- only found on
continents in the Northern Hemisphere
  • Humid Continental
  • Subarctic Continental
  • Constantly changing weather
  • In winter, weather is bitterly cold with some
    rain and snow
  • Summers are hot with high humidity and moderate
    rainfall
  • Lie north of the humid continental
  • Summers are short and cool.
  • Winters are long and bitterly cold

15
Polar Climate- coldest climate region
  • Ice Caps
  • Tundra
  • Found only near the Poles
  • Covered with ice and snow
  • Temperatures are always at or below freezing
    temperatures

Found only near the Poles Stretches across
northern Alaska, Canada, and Russia Short, cool
summers followed by bitterly cold winters Some
layers of soil called permafrost are always
frozen
16
Climate Change
17
Short-Term Climatic Change
  • Caused by regular variations in daylight, temp,
    and weather patterns
  • Examples
  • Seasons
  • El Nino (Warm ocean current)

18
Long-Term Climatic Change The History or Earth's
climates
  • Climates change over extremely long periods of
    time
  • Ice Ages Periods of extensive glacial coverage
  • Most recent ended
  • 10,000 years ago
  • Temps dropped 5C

19
Climate ChangeReal?
  • SciShow's Climate Change
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?vffjIyms1BX4
  • Climate Science What You Need To Know

20
Extreme Ideas to solve Climate Change
  • Extreme Ideas
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