Life Span Development Adulthood and Aging - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Life Span Development Adulthood and Aging

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Life Span Development Adulthood and Aging Unit 2, Module 6 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Life Span Development Adulthood and Aging


1
Life Span DevelopmentAdulthood and Aging
  • Unit 2, Module 6

2
Early Adulthood Transitions
  • Eriksons Stage 6 Early Adulthood
  • Approximate age 20 35
  • Questions faced in this stage include
  • Independent living/moving out of parents house
  • Getting married
  • Establishing a career
  • Having children

3
Emerging Adulthood
  • Developmental Psychologists propose adding a new
    stage called emerging adulthood
  • The transition from adolescence to adulthood
    continues to lengthen
  • Young adults often take longer to establish their
    independence

4
The Social Clock
  • Societys commonly accepted judgment about the
    best timing for certain life events
  • Getting a drivers license
  • Getting married
  • Living independently
  • Social clocks have different settings in
    different cultures
  • Changes in culture can alter the social clock
    within a culture

5
Physical Changes and Transitions
  • Middle Adulthood age 36 64
  • More noticeable physical changes
  • Women experience menopause
  • Men experience a decline in testosterone levels
  • The mid-life crisis is associated with this
    stage
  • There is no statistical evidence that mid-life
    crisis occurs as a result of aging

6
The Fear of Aging
  • Why do people fear aging?
  • Media impact Older people are often portrayed
    in negative ways
  • Loss of attractiveness
  • retin-A generation seeks the quick fix for
    physical signs of aging
  • Confronting mortality

7
Physical Changes
  • Later Adulthood age 65 and over
  • Senses of sight, smell, and hearing usually begin
    a steep decline after age 65 (see figure 6.1,
    page 102 in your text)
  • Decreased muscle strength and stamina
  • Immune system weakens
  • Decrease in speed of neural (think brainwave)
    transmission

8
Compensating for Older Age
  • Exercise fosters brain cell development, and
    helps prevent heart disease and obesity
  • Staying mentally active will help brain cell and
    neural activity
  • Brain cell loss is leading cause of memory loss
  • If you live to be 80, your brain will weigh 5
    less than it does now

9
Diseases Related to Aging
  • Alzheimers Disease
  • Brain disorder characterized by progressive and
    irreversible destruction of brain cells
  • Results in gradual deterioration of memory,
    reasoning, language and physical functioning
  • Senile Dementia
  • Mental disintegration
  • Can be caused by alcoholism, tumor, stroke, or
    anything that causes substantial loss of brain
    cells

10
Age Related Diseases
  • Alzheimers has no known cure
  • Certain medications can slow down the progression
    of the disease
  • Not every older adult who forgets things has
    Alzheimers
  • Memory loss is a normal part of aging

11
Cognitive Changes and Transitions
  • Memory
  • Recall memory decreases in older individuals, but
    recognition remains relatively stable from age 20
    to 60
  • Recall memory tasks give no clues to jog your
    memory neutral objects/ideas/concepts
  • Recognition memory tasks involve meaningful
    objects/ideas/concepts

12
Intelligence
  • Fluid intelligence tends to decrease in later
    adulthood
  • Crystallized intelligence tends to increase with
    age
  • Research indicates that crystallized intelligence
    remains stable with age

13
Social Changes Transitions
  • The two events that most affect our social
    well-being during early and middle adulthood are
  • Work or Generativity
  • Love or Intimacy
  • Erikson defines these as being productive (work)
    and forming close relationships (love)

14
Lifes Commitments
  • Work
  • Choosing a career is an important and difficult
    decision
  • Humans have an innate need to be or feel useful
  • Contentment and challenge with ones career
    choice are central to happiness

15
Lifes Commitments
  • Love
  • Vital to a happy adulthood
  • Lasts longer and is more satisfying when it is
    marked by
  • Intimate self-disclosure (sharing ones self)
  • Shared emotional support
  • Similar interests and values

16
A Lifetime of Well-Being
  • Most older, retired people report happiness and
    satisfaction in their lives
  • The empty nest syndrome often results in a
    renewed sense of freedom
  • Most older individuals experience less emotional
    conflict than young adults
  • Regrets are often about things they didnt do as
    opposed to mistakes they made

17
Ageism
  • The tendency to categorize and judge people on
    the basis of their chronological age
  • Negative effects of ageism
  • Reduces self-esteem
  • Reduces ability to participate in society
  • Reinforces stereotyping

18
Dying and Death
  • Coping with the loss of a loved one is a
    challenge that each individual faces at some
    point in time
  • Individual responses will vary
  • When the death of a loved one is sudden and
    unexpected, individuals may experience profound
    grief and depression
  • Depression can last for years

19
Misconceptions of Death
  • The popular belief that expressing strong grief
    immediately will lessen grieving period is not
    supported by evidence
  • Stages of Grief
  • There is no evidence to support the idea that we
    progress through predictable stages

20
Different Perceptions of Death
  • Death is perceived differently in different
    cultures
  • In Africa, death is greeted as a way to rejoin
    ancestors
  • Muslim nations expect outward and obvious
    expressions of grief over death
  • In the United States attitudes towards death are
    changing towards acceptance and dignity in death

21
Lessons from Mourners
  • Can we learn from grief?
  • Proves the importance of
  • Tending relationships
  • Resolving differences
  • Expressing appreciation
  • Avoiding future regrets by keeping our
    relationships healthy in the present

22
Choices About Death
  • Hospice Care
  • Receiving medical attention in the comfort of
    ones home
  • Terminal patients can spend their remaining days
    as pleasantly as possible
  • Maintains human dignity
  • Euthanasia medically assisted death
  • What is your opinion?
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