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WHAT IN THE WORLD IS ETHICS?

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WHAT IN THE WORLD IS ETHICS? N. Yasemin YALIM, MD. PhD Professor of Bioethics Ankara University School of Medicine PHILOSOPHY is love of wisdom and the search ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: WHAT IN THE WORLD IS ETHICS?


1
WHAT IN THE WORLD IS ETHICS?
  • N. Yasemin YALIM, MD. PhD
  • Professor of Bioethics
  • Ankara University School of Medicine

2
PHILOSOPHY
  • is love of wisdom and the search after
    knowledge, especially of the cause of natural
    phenomena, the facts or the truth of the
    universe, and the meaning of existence.
  • It is the reflection of the human curiosity and
    desire for knowledge.

3
AREAS OF STUDY IN PHILOSOPHY
  • Ontology refers to the subject of existence. It
    consists of descriptions of the concepts and
    relationships that can exist for an agent or a
    community of agents.
  • Epistemology is the theory of knowledge its
    definitions, varieties, sources, and limits.
  • Aesthetics is the theory of beauty.
  • Ethics is the study of moral values.

4
MAIN ETHICAL QUESTIONS
  • What is good and bad? How come they are
    possible?
  • What is right and wrong? How come they are
    possible?
  • Is there a universal and/or absolute good or
    bad?
  • How can the human mind distinguish right from
    wrong?

5
(No Transcript)
6
VALUE and VALUES
  • Value is a criterion or a quality both desired
    and awarded.
  • It is the special place of an entity amongst
    other entities of the same kind.
  • Human Values are human facts realized by the
    work or lives of the mankind. They are the
    potentials of human ontology manifested by
    individuals.

7
VALUES
Economical Values
Aesthetical Values
Moral (Ethical) Values
8
MORAL VALUES
Personal Values
Professional Values
Cultural Values
9
MORAL VALUES
  • do not have concrete effects, like obtaining a
    practical result or hindering a necessity.
  • Their effect depends on abstract factors, like
  • emotional investments,
  • beliefs and
  • priorities.

10
MORALITY
  • Morals is the way that a person sets about
    achieving the values which (s)he seeks to express
    in a certain situation.
  • Ethics means the theory of right and wrong
    conduct morality, its practice.

11
MORAL DILEMMAS
  • Valid evidence indicates that A is right.
  • Valid evidence indicates that A is wrong.

DO A DONT DO A
  • Valid evidence indicates that A is right.
  • Valid evidence indicates that B is right.

DO A DO B
BUT
12
SYSTEMATICAL ETHICAL REFLECTION
  • Ethical Consciousness To perceive the ethical
    issue
  • Ethical Sensitivity To decide to reflect on the
    issue
  • Define the dilemma
  • Collect the data necessary for evaluation
  • List of possible actions
  • Evaluate possible actions
  • Decide what to do (Search for advice if
    necessary)
  • Realize what you decide
  • Re-evaluate your decision

13
MAIN TARGET
  • is to conduct an action which protects more of
    the values
  • and
  • sacrifices the least of the values
  • Ioanna Kucuradi

14
MORAL DEVELOPMENT (Kohlbergian Theory)
  • Pre-conventional Level
  • Conventional Level
  • Post-Conventional Level
  • (Moral Maturity)
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