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Title: Educational%20Technology%20and%20Special%20Populations


1
Educational Technology and Special Populations
  • Disadvantaged students
  • Gifted and Talented students
  • Twice Exceptional students

2
What are Special Populations?
  • According to the Carl D. Perkins Technical
    Education Act of 1998, Special Populations are
    defined by
  • - individuals with disabilities
  • - individuals from economically disadvantaged
    families, including foster children
  • - individuals preparing for nontraditional
    training and employment
  • - single parents, including single pregnant women
  • - displaced homemakers
  • - individuals with other barriers to educational
    achievement, including individuals with limited
    English proficiency

3
Disadvantaged Students
  • Provisions under NCLB Act Title I
  • Equity may not be the answer

4
Gifted and Talented Students
  • What does it mean to be gifted?
  • Giftedness is characterized by the following
    traits
  • Idealism and perfectionism
  • Sensitivity to self expectation, and the
    expectations of others
  • Abstract thinking and problem solving
  • Unusually advanced degree of intellectual ability
    for the childs age group
  • Gifted kids speak

http//www.youtube.com/watch?vxVQBXr2l8ZsNR1
5
Types of Testing that Determine Giftedness
  • IQ (Intelligence Quotient) test
  • Testing Cognitive Ability
  • SB-5(Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale, 5th
    Edition) ages 2and up
  • WISC-IV
  • Testing Non-verbal Intelligence
  • CTONI(Comprehensive Test of Non-Verbal
    Intelligence) ages 6 and up
  • KBIT-2
  • UNIT
  • Testing Reasoning and Perception
  • SPM(Raven Standard Progressive Matrices) 6 and
    up, also used for ELL

6
Fields of giftedness follow Howard Gardners M I
Theory
  • Spatial
  • Linguistic
  • Logical-mathematical
  • Bodily kinesthetic
  • Musical
  • Interpersonal/Intrapersonal
  • Naturalistic

7
How does Technology Effect Gifted Students?
  • Due to the unique needs of gifted students,
    technology provides the opportunity for these
    students to attain their full potential
  • -integration of social networking into the
    classroom
  • -video-conferencing, wikis and blogs allow gifted
    students to work collaboratively with other
    students globally
  • - online education K-12 Inc, the largest online
    provider of online learning for grades K-12

8
Using Technology as a Tool Instructional
Technology
  • Technology that is purposefully and strategically
    incorporated into lesson designs will
    successfully meet the intellectual needs of the
    gifted student.
  • Instructional options include
  • -Simulations
  • -WebQuests
  • -Virtual Field Trips
  • -Telementoring
  • -Videoconferencing Skype

9
  • IT also aids to differentiate instruction, which
    allows students to learn at their appropriate
    level
  • ADDIE, a popular planning model reflects the
    strategic planning needed to effectively
    incorporate technology into instruction
  • -Analysis
  • -Design
  • -Development
  • -Implementation
  • -Evaluation
  • This model allows instructors to contemplate
    desired outcomes before brining in IT to use as a
    tool for instruction.

10
Underachievement of Gifted Students
  • Static, directed instruction that doesnt
    incorporate IT
  • Teaching styles that dont serve the intellectual
    strengths of the gifted child
  • Lack of pedagogical nurturing and direction

11
Special Populations of Gifted StudentsTwice-
Exceptional
  • Twice-Exceptional (2e) students can be identified
    as gifted, yet be diagnosed with various
    psychological conditions
  • - ADD/ADHD
  • Autistic/Aspergers syndrome
  • ODD (oppositional defiant disorder)
  • PDD (pervasive developmental disorder)
  • OCD (obsessive compulsive disorder)
  • Dyslexia

12
Identification of 2e Students and Meeting their
Needs
  • NCLB provides limited provision to gifted
    students.
  • The Jacob Javits Gifted and Talented Students
    Education Act provides funds for researching the
    needs of 2e students, and works to reverse the
    trend of inequity.
  • 2e students have diverse and unique needs that
    require complex solutions
  • Traditional testing does not identify abilities
    of 2e students
  • 2e students require non-authentic strategies of
    teaching

13
Conclusion
  • To meet the specific needs of gifted, talented
    and 2e students there are advocacy groups and
    online resources
  • www.uniquelygifted.org
  • www.hoagiesgifted.org/
  • http//webquest.org/search/index.php
  • Concepts to keep in mind
  • Using technology as a tool to differentiate
    instruction
  • Teach them the way that they learn

14
Webliography
National Association of Gifted Children. (2008).
Background Information The No Child Left
Behind Act. Retrieved on October 1, 2010 from
http//www.nagc.org/index.aspx?id999 Hoagies
Gifted. (2010)An Inventory on Tests. Retrieved on
September 29, 2010 from http//www.hoagiesgif
ted.org/tests.htm PAVTEC Education Consortium.
(2010) Consolidated Funds. Retrieved on
September 29, 2010 from
http//www.pcc.edu/pavtec/consolidated/special_po
pulations.htm Siegle, Del, Ph.D. (2003). Mentors
on the net extending learning through
telementoring. Gifted Child Today, 26(4). 51-55.
Retrieved on October 2, 2010 from
http//www.gifted.uconn.edu/siegle/Publications/GC
TMentorsOnTheNet.pdf Seigle, Del, Ph.D.
(2008)Free options for internet
videoconferencing moving beyond e-mail and
chat. Gifted Child Today, 31(4). 14-18. Retrieved
on October 2, 2010 from
http//www.gifted.uconn.edu/siegle/Publications/GC
TVideoConference.pdf
15
U.S. Department of Education. (2004). Title I-
Improving the Academic Achievement of the
Disadvantaged. Retrieved on September 18, 2010,
from http//www2.ed.gov/policy/elsec/l
eg/esea02/pg1.html Natcharian, L. (2010, August
4). Rain man explains twice-exceptional children.
Message posted to http//www.masslive.com.
Retrieved on October 3, 2010 from http//blog.ma
sslive.com/real_learning/2010/08/rain_man_explains
_twice_exceptional_children.html Obamehinti,
Feyi. (2010, July 5). Technology and the gifted
child. Fort Worth Education Examiner.
Retrieved on September 30, 2010 from
http//www.examiner.com/gifted-education-in-fort-w
orth/technology-and- the-gifted-child
16
Special EducationTechnology
17
Legislation
  • Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Section 504 508
  • American Disability Act (ADA) of 1990
  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
    (IDEA) of 2004 FAPE

18
Thought to Ponder How do we define Disability?
  • Is the term disability a mere reflection of our
    society?

19
Learning Disabilities
  • Reading Dyslexia
  • Writing Dysgraphia
  • Math Dyscalculia
  • TEXT-TO-SPEECH

20
WEB-LIOGRAPHY
  • Ada home page. (2010). Retrieved from
    http//www.ada.gov/
  • A parent's guide to section 504 in public
    schools. (2010). Retrieved from
    http//www.greatschools.org/special-education/lega
    l- rights/section-504.gs?content868
  • Building the legacy idea 2004. (2010). Retrieved
    from http//idea.ed.gov/explore/view
  • Learning disabilities association of america.
    (2006). Retrieved from http//www.ldanatl.org/
  • Learning disabilities association of connecticut.
    (2010). Retrieved from http//www.ldact.org/
  • Protecting students with disabilities. (2009).
    Retrieved from http//www2.ed.gov/about/offices/l
    ist/ocr/504faq.html
  • Neodirect. (2010). Retrieved from
    http//www.neo-direct.com/
  • Readwrite gold online demos. (2010). Retrieved
    from http//www.texthelp.com/page.asp?pg_id10298

21
  • Section 508. (n.d.). Retrieved from
    http//www.section508.gov/
  • The rehabilitation act. (2004). Retrieved from
    http//www2.ed.gov/policy/speced/reg/narrative.ht
    ml
  • Wizcom text solutions. (2010). Retrieved from
    http//www.wizcomtech.com/usaeng/catalog/a/01/def
    ault.

22
The use of Technology in Special Populations
23
ELL (English Language Learners)
Definition
  • Many students come to the United States from
    another country and face the challenge of
    learning the English language and multiple
    subjects at their school.
  • Administrators are given the task to equip
    students with the literacy skills, academic
    vocabulary and English language structures

24
How can teachers, specialists or
para-professionals utilize technology in their
classroom to benefit their students?
  • Smartboard
  • Interactive Lessons
  • Computer Programs
  • AceReader Pro Windows
  • Tell Me More Kids English (ESL) For ages 412
  • Interactive Games
  • Pass out controllers to allow students to answer
    questions (multiple choice or T/F). The games can
    serve as an assessment for each student.

25
Challenges
  • For Teachers
  • They are not equipped with the proper resources
    to provide their ELL students with the same
    education as non-ESL students
  • Even with the proper tools, teachers are not
    given enough instruction to allow the technology
    to helpful for their ESL students
  • Not all teachers have a degree in ESL or
    Bilingual Education
  • What else?
  • For Students
  • Students in certain situations have to miss out
    on key subjects such as social studies and
    science. They are required to take reading,
    writing and mathematics, but as for the other
    subjects they are not as important until they
    begin improve in their English
  • Students also miss out on special subjects
  • What else?

26
Past Experience
  • Two Rivers Magnet Middle School East Hartford,
    CT
  • Substituted in MIT and LIT courses
  • Students are required to attend this courses
    because they are having trouble or in more
  • Many students have to miss out on Encore Courses
    (Tech Ed, Music, Gym, Art)
  • Observed as students worked on individual
    computer software.
  • Read short stories on the computer and took
    tests.
  • After the student felt they finished the story,
    they would read the book to one of the teachers.

27
Webliography
Academic Superstore Digital River Education
Services http//www.academicsuperstore.com/categor
y/Software/LanguageArts/Reading/277755 Beare,
K., (2010) Computer Use in the ESL Classroom,
About.com http//esl.about.com/od/esleflteachingt
echnique/a/t_compclass.htm Ensuring Academic
Literacy for ELL Students - Article Holmes, M.,
Perez, Della (2010). Ensuring Academic Literacy
for ELL Students. American Secondary Education,
38(2), 32-43 Academic Search Premier
(50282754) Lee, R., Effective Learning Outcomes
of ESL Elementary and Secondary School Students
Utilizing Educational Technology Infused with
Constructivist Pedagogy (English as a Second
Language). International Journal of Instructional
Media, 33(1), 87. Academic Search Premier
(EJ749767) Masterson, M., Use of Technology with
ESL Students http//www2.gsu.edu/mstmbs/IT8420/F
99/MaryM1.html
28
Webliography
Boarding Schools in the USA Wappel, C., (2010)
Technology in the ESL Classroom. Boarding schools
in the USA. http//boardingschoolsusa.com/issue/b
oarding-schools-in-the-usa/article/technology-in-t
he-esl-classroom ESL Students with Assertive
Technology Images Two Rivers Magnet Middle
School Picture http//www.orlcommercial.com/Image
s/Projects/Two20Rivers20Magnet20Middle20School
20for20Web.jpg Front Page Picture http//www.e
dutopia.org/images/graphics/wordandtheworld.jpg
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