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Research Paper Writing R68-R75

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Research Paper Writing R68-R75 English III CHS 2008-2009 C. Edge – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Research Paper Writing R68-R75


1
Research Paper WritingR68-R75
  • English III
  • CHS 2008-2009
  • C. Edge

2
  • Research papers are the product of a searcha
    search for data, for facts, for informed
    opinions, for insights, and for new information.

3
Kinds of Research Papers
  • Summary Paper
  • Explores a topic by summing up the opinions of
    other writers.
  • Do not express an opinion about the subject.
  • Evaluative Paper
  • States an opinion
  • Backs it up with evidence from primary and
    secondary sources.
  • Original Paper
  • Based on the writers own original research.
  • Leads to new insights or information about the
    topic.

4
Guidelines for Writing a Research Paper
  • Set a schedule.
  • Select a topic.
  • Conduct a broad search for information.
  • Develop a working bibliography.
  • Evaluate your sources.
  • Compile and organize note cards.
  • Develop a thesis statement.
  • Draft your paper.
  • Document your sources.
  • Compile a list of works cited.
  • Prepare your manuscript.

5
Selecting a Topic
  • Choose a topic.
  • Begin with a subject or a subject that interests
    you.
  • Read general sources of information (wikipedia,
    encyclopedias, etc.) about that subject and
    narrow your focus.
  • Find out if sufficient information about your
    topic is available.

6
  • As you read about your topic, develop your
    papers central idea, which is the purpose of
    your research.
  • This idea might change as you do more research.
  • Let your research topic guide your efforts.

7
Conducting a Broad Search for Information
  • Generate a series of researchable questions about
    your chosen topic.
  • Find the answers.
  • Use a variety of sources
  • Computer catalog
  • Readers Guide to Periodical Literature
  • SCOIS
  • Specialized references

8
Primary and Secondary Sources
  • Use primary and secondary sources
  • Primary sources a firsthand account of an
    event.
  • Secondary sources sources written by people who
    did not experience or influence the event

9
Developing a Working Bibliography
  • If a source seems useful, write a bibliography
    card for it.
  • Write the following information on an index card
  • Author
  • Title (website name for online sources)
  • City of publication
  • Publisher
  • Date of publication (date of retrieval for online
    sources)
  • Web address
  • Number your cards in the upper right-hand corner
    so you can keep them in order.

10
Example for a book
Source Number
  • 6
  • Settle, Mary Lee. All the Brave Promises.
    Columbia University of South Carolina Press,
    1995.
  • CHS Library D810.W754

Author
Title
City of Publication Publisher, Date of
Publication
Location of Source
Call Number
11
Example of Periodical
Source Number
  • 7
  • Chalminski, R. The Maginot Line.
  • Smithsonian. June 1977 90- 97.

Author
Title of Article
Title of Magazine. Date Page Numbers.
12
Example for Online Source
Website Title
Source Number
  • 17
  • Abraham Lincoln. Wikipedia. Online. Wikipedia,
    The Free Encyclopedia, October 5, 2008.
    http//en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?titleAbraham_
    Lincolnoldid243052702

Title of Article
Publisher, Date of Retrieval. Web Address.
13
Evaluating Your Sources
  • Authoritative
  • Author should be well known in the field.
  • Should have written several books or articles
    about a subject.
  • Quoted by several others.
  • Reliable
  • Avoid material from popular magazines in favor of
    more scholarly journals
  • Be careful to evaluate material from on-line
    sources
  • Timely
  • Use the most recent material available.
  • Suitable (appropriate)
  • Consider only material that is relevant to the
    purpose of your paper.
  • Do not waste time on books or articles that have
    little bearing on your topic.

14
Compiling and Organizing Note Cards
  • As you reread and study sources, write useful
    information on index cards.
  • Be sure that each note card identifies the source
    (use the number of the bibliography card that
    corresponds to each source and a letter to
    indicate order).
  • Write the page number on which you found the
    information in the lower right-hand corner of the
    card. If one card contains several notes, write
    the page number in parentheses after the relevant
    material.

15
3 Ways to Take Notes
  • Paraphrase important details that you want to
    remember.
  • Use your own words to restate specific
    information.
  • Summarize main ideas that an author presents.
  • When you summarize several pages, be sure to note
    the page on which the material begins and ends.
  • Quote the exact words of an author only when the
    actual wording is important.
  • Place the authors words in quotation marks.

16
PLAGIARISM!!!
  • Avoid plagiarismpresenting an authors words or
    ideas as if they were your own.
  • You MUST credit the source not only for material
    directly quoted but also for any facts or ideas
    obtained from the source.

17
  • Organize your note cards to develop a working
    outline.
  • Begin by sorting them into piles of related
    cards.
  • Try putting the piles together in different ways
    that suggest an organizational pattern.
  • If, at this point, you discover that you do not
    have enough information, go back and do further
    research.
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