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Chapter 6: Stress and Health Module 14: Promoting Wellness

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Title: Chapter 6: Stress and Health Module 14: Promoting Wellness


1
Chapter 6 Stress and Health Module
14 Promoting Wellness
2
Martin Seligman (1942- )
  • American psychologist
  • Proponent of positive psychology
  • Positive mental health positive physical health
  • Avoid depression, you can avoid other sicknesses
  • The common result of a healthy lifestyle and
    healthy attitudes

WELLNESS
3
Healthy Lifestyles Exercise
  • Module 14 Promoting Wellness

How does exercise contribute to wellness?
4
Benefits of Daily Exercise
  • Effective in reducing anxiety and depression
  • Leads to greater self confidence and self
    discipline

5
What does exercise/aerobics really do?
  • Increases output of mood-boosting chemicals from
    nervous system.
  • Enhances cognitive abilities like memory.
  • Lowers blood pressure.
  • Side effects, like better sleep, bring emotional
    benefit.
  • Cuts heart attack risk in half.
  • Can increase longevity by two years.

6
Healthy Lifestyles Family and Friends
  • Module 14 Promoting Wellness

Does social support make a difference in our
health well being?
7
Benefits of Social Support
  • Social support makes people feel liked and
    wanted
  • Social support leads to
  • Less physical problems
  • More pleasure in life
  • Longer life span
  • Heart attack victims who live alone are twice as
    likely to have another heart attack within 6
    months are as those living with a family member.

8
Healthy Lifestyles The Faith Factor
  • Module 14 Promoting Wellness

What is the faith factor and how does it relate
to wellness?
9
Benefits of Religious Activity
  • Studies suggest those involved in religion tend
    to live longer
  • Meaning research was conducted to find
    correlations, not cause and effect.
  • Factors of religion contributing to longer life
    include
  • Religion promotes healthy lifestyles.
  • Religious involvement offers social support.
  • Many religions promote optimism.

10
The Faith Factor Explained
11
The Faith Factor Explained
12
The Faith Factor Explained
13
Positive Experiences and Well-Being
  • Module 14 Promoting Wellness

How do flow, happiness, and optimism contribute
to our well-being?
14
Positive Experiences
  • Success makes you ?
  • Research is correlational
  • Dont know which is cause which is effect
  • Positive Psychology
  • Martin Seligman
  • Focuses on optimal human functioning the
    factors that allow individuals and communities to
    thrive
  • Well Being
  • Concept that includes life satisfaction, feelings
    of fulfillment, pleasant emotions, and low level
    of unpleasant emotions
  • Person judges life as satisfying, fulfilling, and
    going well

15
3 kinds of experiences that contribute to
our well-being
  • OPTIMISM
  • The tendency to expect the best
  • Believe bad events are
  • Temporary
  • Not their fault
  • Will not have broader effects beyond the present
    circumstances
  • FLOW
  • A state of optimal experience
  • People do the activity for own happiness, not
    reward
  • Can lose track of time and self-consciousness
  • For flow to occur
  • Must be a challenge requiring skill
  • Have clear goals
  • Provide feedback
  • HAPPINESS
  • High self-esteem
  • Optimistic, outgoing, agreeable
  • Close friendships or satisfying marriage
  • Work and leisure that engages skills
  • Meaningful religious faith
  • Sleep well and exercise

16
Pessimism
  • The tendency to expect the worst
  • Tend to blame themselves for bad situations
  • Explanatory style
  • Habits we have for thinking about the good or bad
    causes of events.
  • EX when you have plans with a friend and they
    dont callwhat do you think? (are they hurt,
    blew me off, dont like me, etc.)
  • THINK ABOUT IT
  • Which is better, to be optimistic or pessimistic?
  • Why is it important to understand each?

17
Overcoming Illness-Related Behaviors Smoking
  • Module 14 Promoting Wellness

Why is smoking so dangerous and why is it so hard
to give up?
18
Dangers of Smoking (World Health Organization,
1999)
19
Why smoking is bad, Who is likely to
besides the obvious be a smoker?
  • Smokers have high rates of depression and
    divorce.
  • They lose 12 minutes off their life for every
    cigarette.
  • They are three times more likely than nonsmokers
    to drink alcohol.
  • They are 17 times more likely than nonsmokers to
    smoke marijuana.
  • Bad for lungs and heart.
  • Will kill 10 million people/year.
  • Almost all smokers start as adolescents.
  • If your parents, siblings, and friends smoke
  • Students who drop out
  • Students who get poor grades
  • Students who feel less control over their futures
  • If you havent started by the time you graduate
    from high schoolodds are low you will start.

20
Nicotine
  • The behavioral stimulant found in tobacco.
  • More addictive than cocaine or heroin.
  • 1 in 3 who try get hooked!
  • Suppresses appetite, reduces sensitivity to pain,
    calms anxiety, and boosts awareness.

Withdrawal
  • The discomfort and distress that follows
    discontinuing the use of an addictive drug such
    as nicotine.
  • Symptoms include insomnia, anxiety, craving,
    irritability

21
10 Guidelines to Quitting Smoking (Half try to
quit each year, success rate is 14)
  • 1. Set a specific quit date.
  • 2. Inform others of your plans.
  • 3. Get rid of all cigarettes.
  • 4. Review previous attempts to quit anticipate
    challenges.
  • 5. Use a nicotine patch or gum.
  • 6. Be totally abstinent.
  • 7. Avoid alcohol.
  • 8. Quit with family or friends who also smoke
    (especially those at home or work).
  • 9. Avoid places where others smoke.
  • 10. Exercise regularly.

Which of the above do you feel is most important?
22
Overcoming Illness-Related Behaviors Obesity
Weight Control
  • Module 14 Promoting Wellness

What is obesity, and what physical and emotional
health risks accompany this condition?
23
Body Mass Index (BMI)
  • A persons weight in kilograms divided by their
    squared height in meters.
  • U.S. guidelines BMI should be below 25.
  • W.H.O. (world health org) obesity defined as a
    BMI of 30
  • Risks of Obesity
  • Increased risk of diabetes, high blood pressure,
    heart disease, gallstones, arthritis, sleep
    disorders, certain types of cancer, etc.

24
How have socially acceptable looks, in terms of
weight, changed?
25
Fat Cells
  • Average adult has 30 billion fat cells
  • If you take in more calories than you need, the
    cells enlarge.
  • If they reach a certain size they divide into new
    cells.
  • One pound of fat 3500 calories.
  • Dieting
  • Reduces the size of the cells (not number)

26
Set Point
  • The point at which an individuals weight
    thermostat is supposedly set
  • When the body falls below this weight, increased
    hunger and a lower metabolic rate may act to
    restore the lost weight.
  • METABOLIC RATE
  • Bodys resting rate of energy expenditure
  • Rate varies from person to person with genetic
    influences

27
Tips for Losing Weight
  • Reduce exposure to tempting foods cues.
  • Boost your metabolism.
  • Be patient, realistic, and moderate.
  • Permanently change the food you eat.
  • Control your portions.
  • Dont skip breakfast and lunch.
  • Set attainable goals.

28
Important Questions
  • Sowhy cant a person just cut out 3500 calories
    and lose a pound?
  • How does you weight affect your psychological and
    physiological health?
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