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Birthplace of Democracy

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Birthplace of Democracy 2700 BCE- 1500 BCE Not United- collection of separate lands Minoans- Crete Disappeared 1400 BCE Mycenaean kept culture Mycenaean- Greek ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Birthplace of Democracy


1
Greece
  • Birthplace of Democracy

2
Early Greece
  • 2700 BCE- 1500 BCE
  • Not United- collection of separate lands
  • Minoans- Crete
  • Disappeared 1400 BCE
  • Mycenaean kept culture
  • Mycenaean- Greek Mainland

3
Trojan War
  • Mycenaeans vs Troy (city state)
  • Menelaus of Sparta vs Paris of Troy
  • Queen Helens abduction
  • 10 years
  • Trojan horse
  • Legend or Fact???? Homer- Iliad
  • Achilles Hector

4
Homer
  • Blind Greek Storyteller
  • Composed epics- narrative poems celebrating
    heroic deeds
  • The Iliad and The Odyssey
  • Greeks develop myths- stories about gods to
    explain mysteries of nature

5
Greek City States
  • Polis- city and surrounding areas
  • Governments in Greece
  • Monarchy
  • Aristocracy
  • Oligarchy

6
Sparta
  • Peloponnesus- southern Greece
  • Powerful military city-state
  • Rulers Working class families are citizens
  • Boys education was military training
  • Most powerful army in Greece
  • Valued discipline, strength and duty
  • Didnt value individualism or arts

7
Athens
  • North of Sparta
  • Very Different
  • Valued new ideas individual education
  • Democracy- ruled by people for people
  • only free men were citizens
  • Women had household child duties

8
Greeces Golden Age
9
Persian Wars
  • Greece vs. Persia (coast of Turkey)
  • 1st attack at Athens- Greeks won
  • 2nd attack 10 years later- Greeks were split and
    easily defeated
  • Spartans helped save Athens- sparked unity and
    confidence

10
Flow Chart of the Persian Wars
 
 
Persians under Darius
         
attacked Athenians
         
because they wanted to teach the Greeks a lesson for revolting against Persian rule.
         
Athenians defeated the Persians.  
Persians under Xeres the Great
         
attacked Athenians
         
because they wanted to try again.
         
The Spartans helped the Athenians defeat the Persians again.  

11
The Golden Age
  • Pericles- statesman of Athens
  • Strengthen Democracy
  • Direct democracy
  • Hold Strengthen empire
  • Enlarge wealth navy
  • Glorify Athens
  • Beautify w/ gold, ivory marble

12
Greek Art
  • Parthenon- 23,000 Sq Feet
  • Honor Athena
  • Sculpture
  • Captured grace of idealized human body in motion
  • Classical Art- values order, balance, proportion
  • Drama
  • Tragedy (human conflict) Comedy

13
Peloponnesian War
  • Tensions broke into war 431 BCE
  • Athens vs. Sparta
  • Oligarchy vs. Democracy
  • 27 years

14
The Minoans were the first civilization on Crete.
  1. True
  2. False

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
15
Which city state valued duty, honor and
discipline?
  1. Athens
  2. Sparta

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
16
Which poem did Homer write about the Trojan War?
  1. Odyssey
  2. The Iliad

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
17
Which type of government was created in Athens?
  1. Oligarchy
  2. Aristocracy
  3. Democracy

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
18
Which city-state valued education?
  1. Athens
  2. Sparta

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
19
Who is the blind, Greek storyteller?
  1. Aristotle
  2. Plato
  3. Homer
  4. Socrates

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
20
Which best describes a city-state?
  1. Polis which rules another state
  2. Polis which rules the city and surrounding areas
  3. Polis which enslaves other cities

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
21
What is the time period during the Trojan War?
  1. Archaic Age
  2. Heroic Age
  3. Classical Age

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
22
Which government is for the people, by the people?
  1. Oligarchy
  2. Aristocracy
  3. Democracy

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
23
Which poem was written about the Trojan War?
  1. The Iliad
  2. The Odyssey

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
24
What are plays written about human conflict?
  1. Comedies
  2. Histories
  3. Tragedies

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
25
Who was the ruler of Athens during the Golden Age
  1. Pericles
  2. Homer
  3. Menelaus

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
26
The Parthenon was built to honor who?
  1. Poseidon
  2. Athena
  3. Zeus

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
27
Quick Quiz
  1. What is a Greek City State?
  2. What is the time period that celebrated heroes?
  3. What is the story written about Trojan War?
  4. What is govt by the people for the people?
  5. Who is the blind Greek storyteller?
  6. What are plays written about human conflict?
  7. What type of govt do citizens rule directly?
  8. Who was ruler of Athens during Golden Age?
  9. What was the war against Athens Sparta named?
  10. Name 3 philosophers.
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