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Jacksonian Democracy

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Andrew Jackson Henry Clay John Quincy Adams John C. Calhoun Killing 2500 British Soldiers does not qualify one for the highest office in the land Clay ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Jacksonian Democracy


1
Jacksonian Democracy
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Andrew Jackson
  • Henry Clay

Killing 2500 British Soldiers does not qualify
one for the highest office in the land Clay
John C. Calhoun
Tariff of Abomination
Exportation Protest
John Quincy Adams
4
Election of 1824 The Corrupt Bargain
  • Four candidates
  • Crawford
  • Jackson
  • Clay
  • Adams
  • No majority in Electoral College
  • John Q. Adams wins in House of Representatives
  • Clay appointed Secretary of State

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Jacksons Style
  • - Old Hickory
  • - Favored Commanding not compromising
  • - Pro-Slavery BUT keep it a non-issue
  • - Jackson is Anti-Abolitionist keep them
    from spreading their ideas
  • - Despised Indians
  • - A partisan Democrat
  • - Common Man theme but?
  • to the victor belong the spoils of the enemy

7
Jacksonian DemocracyThe Common Man
8
Rachel Jackson
9
The Peggy Eaton Affair
Peggy Eaton
John Eaton
10
King Andrew
  • Spoils System
  • To the Victors go the spoils
  • 20 of federal positions went to loyal Democrats

11
First Seminole War
  • Jackson invaded Spanish Florida in 1818
  • tried and executed two British subjects
  • Calhoun condemned Jackson
  • saying that Jackson was not ordered to invade
  • suggested disciplinary action
  • Jackson was not aware until 1831 while Calhoun
    was his Vice President

12
Nullification Crisis 1832 1833
  • Tariff of 1832
  • Election of 1832
  • Force Bill (Jackson)
  • Compromise Tariff (Clay)

13
Webster Hayne Debate
  • Nationalism and Union - Daniel Webster,
    Massachusetts
  • States Rights and Nullification Robert Hayne,
    south Carolina

14
States Rights and Nullification
  • Hayne The Tariff is unconstitutional and MUST
    be repealed.
  • Calhoun had written The rights of the South
    have been destroyed, and must be restoredThe
    Union is in danger and must be saved.

15
Nationalism and Union
  • Webster I go for the Constitution as it is,
    and for the Union, as it is. It is Sir, the
    peoples Constitution, the peoples government,
    made for the people, made by the people, and
    answerable to the people.
  • ...Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and
    Inseperable!

16
  • Jackson Our union, it must be preserved.
  • Calhoun The Union, next to our liberty, most
    dear.
  • Newspaper Quote for Jackson Our federal
    Union It must and shall be preserved.

17
The Bank War
  • the bank is trying to kill me, but I will kill
    it.
  • Biddle - president of second bank
  • Debate over renewal of National banks charter
    1832 - 1836
  • Biddle accused of corruption by Democrats

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Bank war
  • Jackson against bank Vetoed charter saying
    such a concentration of power in the hands of a
    few men irresponsible to the people
  • After re-elected, Jackson effectively destroyed
    the bank
  • Bank out of business by 1841

20
Assassination attempt
  • First attempt on a presidents life in us.
    History
  • Richard Lawrence
  • Unemployed English house paint
  • Attempted to shoot Jackson outside capital
    building
  • Two pistols - both misfired
  • Jackson beat him with his cane while he was
    restrained by Davie Crockett

21
The Cherokee"Trail of Tears" 1838-1839
22
John Marshall
  • Cherokee Nation v Georgia 1831
  • Worcester v Georgia 1832
  • John Marshall has made his decision, now let him
    enforce it
  • Andrew Jackson

23
Indian removal
  • Five civilized tribes
  • Sequoya
  • Cherokee, Seminole, Creek, Chickasaw, Choctaw
  • Trail of tears
  • Oklahoma
  • Indian Reservation

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Martin Van Buren
  • Vice President 1833 1837
  • Elected President 1836
  • Established independent Treasury
  • Faced Panic of 1837

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