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History of Canada Notes

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Title: History of Canada Notes Author: e200602727 Last modified by: Administrator Created Date: 10/30/2008 3:37:19 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: History of Canada Notes


1
History of Canada Notes
  • Part II Canadas Independence

2
New Brunswick
  • American Revolution exiles move to Nova Scotia
  • 1784 Britain created province of New Brunswick
    for exiles

3
Quebec Act
  • Other loyalist moved to Quebec
  • Cultural differences
  • 1774 Quebec Act- French Canadians allowed
    Catholic religion and French civil law
  • British Upper Canada and French Lower Canada

4
War of 1812
  • French and British worked together against
    invading US
  • Draw defined US-Canadian border increased a
    sense of Canadian nationalism
  • Unity

5
After the War of 1812
  • French Canadians British Canadians realized
    that they hated being under British rule
  • Great Britain too far away to understand economic
    political needs

6
Province of Canada
  • 1837Canadians began to rebel against British
    control
  • Britain sent a government reformer to examine the
    Canadian problem
  • Economic need to unify
  • 1841Upper Lower Canada were united,
    establishing the Province of Canada

7
British North America Act (1867)
  • 1867-British North America Act created a
    federation union of Canada
  • Joined four colonies (Quebec, Ontario, New
    Brunswick, Nova Scotia)
  • unifying constitution
  • - Britain accepted rid of the responsibility of
    protecting the colonies (expensive)

8
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9
Results of the British North America Act
  • Easier to sell goods to one another
  • Improved trade helped the economy
  • Enough money to build a railroad across the
    country
  • Transcontinental Railroad was built in 1886
    easily travel from the Atlantic Ocean to Pacific
    Ocean

10
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11
Expanding Canada
  • Leaders desired to expand the new country from
    the Atlantic to the Pacific
  • Bought land from the Hudsons Bay Company
  • Thought the purchase would be a simple process,
    but problems occurred with the native peoples

12
Expanding Canada
  • First Nations (Inuit) agreed to relocate to
    reservations (now Nunavut)
  • Transcontinental Railroad was built on this land
  • 3 new provinces 1 territory were created
    Manitoba, British Columbia, Prince Edward Island,
    and the Northwest Territories

13
Canada 1886
14
Results of the Railroad
  • Increased shipment of goods across the country
  • Increased travel from coast to coast
  • Created new provinces territories
  • Birth of Canadian nationalism

15
Transcontinental Railroad
16
Yukon
  • GOLD was discovered along the western coast of
    Canada in 1896
  • Canadas government created Yukon territory in
    1898 to meet the needs of the areas growing
    population

17
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18
Saskatchewan Alberta (1905)
  • Originally part of Northwest Territories, many
    people wanted this to change
  • Reason 1 economy had shifted from fur trade to
    farming, mining, logging railway
  • Reason 2 population grew quickly because of the
    new industries
  • Reason 3 area could not afford everything people
    needed (schools)
  • Collect taxes to pay for these things.

19
Farming Oats in Alberta--1911
20
Newfoundland (1949)
  • Newfoundland joined the country of Canada
    because
  • Canada promised to help them by building many
    things such as railroads roads
  • Britain didnt want the cost of supporting
    Newfoundland anymore.

21
Nunavut (1999)
  • In the 1970s, Inuit wanted to create a territory
    called Nunavut because
  • Wanted their own territory so that they could
    start making decisions for themselves. They
    needed their own government.
  • Wanted control of their landfor many years
    Canada had used the resources of the Arctic
    without asking the Inuit

22
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23
Nunavut
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