World Religions A Brief History - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – World Religions A Brief History PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 72226f-NjBjN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

World Religions A Brief History

Description:

Brief History Judaism About 14 million adherents Ethnic / Monotheistic Founder: ... Hearth: Present day Nepal. North of India. Buddhism - Basics Goal ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:172
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 22
Provided by: dcs101
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: World Religions A Brief History


1
World Religions A Brief History
2
Judaism
  • About 14 million adherents
  • Ethnic / Monotheistic
  • Founder Abraham
  • Hearth Middle East
  • 1st Monotheistic religion

3
Judaism
  • ABRAHAM
  • SARAH HAGAR
  • Isaac Ishmael
  • Judeo-Christian Islamic

4
Judaism Basic Beliefs
  • One God
  • Gods Chosen people
  • Do not recognize Jesus as the messiah
  • VERY tied to the land - Israel

5
Judaism - Divisions
  • Hasidic Jews
  • - Ultra Orthodox

6
Christianity
  • 2 billion adherents largest
  • Universalizing/Monotheistic
  • Founder Jesus
  • Hearth Palestine
  • - Jesus was born in Palestine during the height
    of the Roman Empire.

7
Christianity - Basics
  • One God
  • Jesus is the messiah son of God.
  • Jesus died for the sins of all people.

8
Christianity - Divisions
  • During the Middle Ages - THE GREAT SCHISM
  • Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox split
  • Disagreed over using icons (images of
    God-Jesus-Saints)

9
Christianity - Divisions
  • During the Renaissance THE REFORMATION
  • Some felt the Church was corrupt and abusing its
    power.
  • Martin Luther German monk
  • Protestant Broke away from Rome.
  • Hundreds of Protestant divisions
  • (Baptist, Lutheran, Methodist)

10
Christianity - Divisions
  • The Church of England
  • Same time as Reformation

11
Church of England
12
Islam
  • 1.3 billion adherents second
  • Universalizing/Monotheistic
  • Founder Muhammad
  • Hearth Mecca (Modern day Saudi Arabia)

13
Islam - Basics
  • One God (Same God as Christians and Jews)
  • 5 pillars
  • - Only one God (Allah) and Muhammad is his
    prophet.
  • - pray 5 times daily facing Mecca
  • - Giving to the poor
  • - Fasting during Ramadan
  • - Pilgrimage to Mecca

14
Islam - Divisions
  • When Muhammad died there was disagreement over
    who should succeed him.
  • Muslims split into two groups
  • SUNNI SHIITE (Shia)
  • Caliph Muh. Descendant

15
Hinduism
  • 900 million adherents - third
  • Ethnic/Monotheistic
  • Founder No specific
  • Hearth Northwestern India one of the
    most ancient religions.

16
Hinduism - Basics
  • One God Brahman
  • Brahman is manifest as hundreds of different
    gods.
  • Goal To be united with Brahman at death.
  • Takes many lifetimes reincarnation.

17
Hinduism - Divisions
  • Not really divisions
  • Most Hindus ally themselves with a specific god.
  • Vaishnavism Vishnu
  • Sivaism - Shiva

18
Buddhism
  • 400 million adherents
  • Universalizing / non-theistic
  • Founder Siddartha Guatama (the Buddha)
  • Hearth Present day Nepal. North of India.

19
Buddhism - Basics
  • Goal Achieve enlightenment
  • 4 Noble Truths
  • - to live is to endure suffering
  • - suffering is caused by desire
  • - Cure for suffering end desire (Nirvana)
  • - Achieve Nirvana by following the eightfold
    path

20
Buddhism - Basics
  • If you reach Nirvana you are freed from the cycle
    of rebirth.

21
Buddhism - Divisions
  • Followers disagreed on how to interpret the
    teachings of the Buddha (Siddartha Guatama)
  • Mahayana
  • Theravada
  • Tantrayana
  • Tibetan
About PowerShow.com