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Foundations of Art and Design


... has taken the form of: Landscape painting Land art ... (1917) by Theo Van Doesburg Architecture as an example of ... Why Study Art History ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Foundations of Art and Design

Foundations ofArt and Design
  • Chapter 1 The Creative Impulse

Justification for Creation
  • Fig. 1.2 God as Architect of the World, Folio 1
    verso of a moralized Bible (Paris ca.
    1220 1230)

Artists Fascination
  • In the image, A Fisherman at Sea do you feel that
    nature is depicted as

Fig. 1.3a Fisherman at Sea by Henry Ossawa Tanner
Artists Fascination
In the image, A Fisherman at Sea do you feel that
nature is depicted as
  1. Subject
  2. Source
  3. Both
  4. Neither

  • What is the difference between nature and
  • What does that difference imply?

Fig. 1.4a Diary December 12, 1941 by Roger
Culture is
  • The things that we are exposed to every day,
    things that shape our culture, things that are
    passed along from generation to generation.

Fig. 1.4b 99 Cent(1999) by Andreas Gursky
Artists Response to Nature
  • has taken the form of
  • Landscape painting
  • Land art
  • Sculpture
  • Can you think of any other mediums?

Fig 1.5 - We Wont Play Nature to Your Culture
(1983), by Barbara Kruger
Why Study Art History?
  • Helps you to recognize the relationship among
    artists and their influences.
  • Influences
  • Historical events
  • Religious beliefs
  • Social circumstances
  • Political maneuvering
  • Idiosyncratic patronage
  • Art for arts sake
  • Etc

Fig. 1.6 Joseph Beuys by Glenn Brown
And its at the very moment you make a botch of
it that youre yourself.
  • Fig. 1.7 Numbers in Color
  • by Jasper Johns (1958-1959)

Fig. 1.8 I Am Not Jasper Johns by Yurii Albert
  • How to develop your communication skills
  • 1. Think about art
  • How does it make you feel?
  • What techniques is the artist using?
  • What is the pieces composition like?
  • 2. Write about art
  • Write your thoughts down
  • Reread them
  • 3. Speak about art
  • Participate in critiques

The Sketchbook
  • All art students should have a sketchbook.
  • Why?
  • To help you remember.
  • To record feelings and thoughts for incorporation
    into your artwork.

Fig. 1.10 Ornothoper Wings, page from notebook,
Codex Atlanticus, fol. s309 verso by Leonardo da
Understanding Art
  • Pablo Picasso lived to the age of 92 and was one
    of the most prolific artists in history.
  • an artist works of necessity,

Fig. 1.11 Self-Portraits and Studies, 1897 - 1899
by Pablo Picasso
  • Subject is the what of a work of art.
  • People
  • Place
  • Thing
  • Theme
  • Process
  • Idea
  • Modernism challenged the traditional definition
    of subject.
  • Abstraction and Nonobjective art may appear not
    to have a subject, but

The Subject of Abstraction and Nonobjective Art?
  • Abstraction and nonobjective art still have a
    subject. The subject may be the color or the

Fig. 1.12, Study for The Cow (1917) by Theo Van
Architecture as an example of iconography
  • Gothic Architecture
  • The design is a symbol of
  • The churchs role in society.
  • The religious beliefs of the time.
  • Many gothic churches use the Latin Cross plan, or
    the shape of the cross for their layout.

Fig. 1.13a Aerial view of Church of St. Serin,
Toulouse, France (Romanesque, c. 1080 -1120)
American Architecture
  • Government architecture resembles Greek and Roman
    architecture. Why?

Fig. 1.13b Lincoln Memorial, Washington, DC
(1914) by Henry Bacon
Iconography Examples
  • Green dress with belly fertility
  • Single candle the presence of Christ
  • Dog fidelity
  • What do you think the following represents
  • Fruit ?
  • Marriage bed ?

Fig. 1.14 Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride by Jan
van Eyck
Compare and Contrast
Fig. 1.16 Joseph Stalin Gazing Enigmatically at
the Body of VI Lenin as it Lies in State in
Moscow in the Style of Jackson Pollock by Michael
Baldwin and Mel Ramsden
  • Fig. 1.15 - Jackson Pollack

Visual Elements
  • Visual Elements
  • Line
  • Shape
  • Value
  • Color
  • Texture
  • Space
  • Time
  • Motion

Fig 1.17a Zen Circle by Torei Enji (1721 - 1292)