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The History of Childhood

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The History of Childhood Paradigm Shifts in Western ... Children dressed and acted as adults. Beginning of children s literature for entertainment ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The History of Childhood


1
The History of Childhood
  • Paradigm Shifts in Western Childhood

Adapted from http//faculty.csusb.edu/alafaye
2
Children in the Middle Ages 500-1450 (Europe)
  • Infancy is the only period of childhood.
  • Once a child is able to eat, sleep, dress, and
    act independently, they are expected to enter
    adult society.
  • Lower class children worked on the family
    property. Upper class children were
    apprentices/courtiers.

3
Children in the Middle Ages 500-1450 (Europe)
  • Young people take on the work of an
    adult as they are able.
  • Children are acculturated, not educated.
  • Children dressed and acted as adults.

4
Children in the Renaissance 1400-1550 (Europe)
  • Infancy is childhood.
  • More and more noble children are tutored before
    they become courtiers.
  • Childrens games are preparation for adulthood
    with serious consequences.
  • Children are workers in all classes.

5
Children in the Renaissance 1400-1550 (Europe)
  • Lower classes work at home. Upper class children
    are sent away.
  • Children dressed and acted as adults with few
    exceptions.
  • Apprenticeship Leagues begin.

6
Children in the Reformation1500-1650 (Europe)
  • Infancy is childhood.
  • Age of Reason is established.
  • Religious education is essential.
  • Children are still seen as workers. Their role
    depends on their class.

7
Children in the Reformation1500-1650 (Europe)
  • The work ethic is established.
  • Children are still seen as little adults.
  • Grammar schools begin.

Catherine of Aragon
Martin Luther
8
Children in the Enlightenment 1650- 1790
(Europe)
  • Children are seen as a blank slate (Locke
    1690s).
  • Children learn through experience.
  • Proper experience equals education.
  • Children still seen as
    workers in the lower
    class.
    Upper class
    children can still be
    apprenticed/courtiers.

9
Children in the Enlightenment 1650- 1790
(Europe)
  • Noble children are pretty toys.
  • Children dressed and acted as adults.
  • Beginning of childrens literature for
    entertainment (1740s Newbery).

10
Children in the Industrial Revolution 1790-1850
( US)
  • Children are seen as a blank slate.
  • Upper class children stay with their families.
  • Children learn through experience.
  • Massive urbanization and colonization.

11
Children in the Industrial Revolution 1790-1850
( US)
  • Children as laborers is essential to lower class
    families in farming and industry.
  • National school systems begin.
  • Growth of childrens literature occurs.

12
Children in the Gilded Age 1850 -1918 (United
States)
  • Education is mandatory.
  • First childrens room appears in a library
    (1890).
  • New laws protect children.
  • This is the Golden Era of childrens literature
    (1860s-1930s).

13
Children in the Gilded Age 1850 -1918 (United
States)
  • The middle class grows.
  • Child services grow.
  • Children are seen as innocent.
  • Massive immigration/assimilation occurs.
  • Adolescence is a separate stage.

14
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