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American%20History%20Chapter%2019:%20The%20Cold%20War

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American History Chapter 19: The Cold War IV. The Continuing Cold War Objectives Discover some characteristics of the McCarthy era. See how the Cold War was waged in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: American%20History%20Chapter%2019:%20The%20Cold%20War


1
American History Chapter 19 The Cold War
  • IV. The Continuing Cold War

2
Objectives
  • Discover some characteristics of the McCarthy
    era.
  • See how the Cold War was waged in Southeast Asia,
    the Middle East, and Latin America during the
    1950s.
  • Understand how the arms race developed.

3
Bell Ringer
  • Loyalty and patriotism? What are they?
  • Do you think that it is possible to be a true
    American while supporting an ideology or belief
    such as communism?
  • What is blacklisting?
  • Setting the Scene (657)

4
A) The McCarthy Era
  • 205 names was really 57 all investigated under
    Trumans loyalty program did start
    anti-Communist hysteria
  • Needed to get re-elected Wisconsin
  • McCarthyism baseless accusations, un-provable
    charges, and smear tactics to become popular.
  • Attacked national hero Marshall (Plan) over China
  • Attacked the Army televised world saw
    McCarthy for what he was Senate condemned him

5
B) The Cold War in the 1950s
  • Eisenhowers Sec of State Dulles hated communism
    and containment Eisenhower did not want war
    US stayed out of uprisings in Europe Germany
    1953 and Poland and Hungary in 1956
  • Pulled US out of Korea but helped France
    militarily in Vietnam

6
C) US in the Middle East
  • US supported Israel in their war for Independence
    in 1948
  • IN 1952 CIA helped the Shah of Iran overthrow the
    pro-communist leader
  • Suez Crisis Egypt took the Suez Canal from
    British they and France attacked US stayed
    neutral and allowed Egypt to finally keep it.
  • Eisenhower Doctrine US will help any county in
    the Middle East that doesnt want to become
    communist

7
D) US in Latin America
  • US invaded Nicaragua and Honduras to help
    pro-American leaders
  • 1947 signed the Rio Pact defense Alliance (18)
  • 1948 established OAS help increase co-operation
  • 1954 CIA overthrew government of Guatemala to
    help a US fruit company
  • USSR thought US was escalating the Cold War

8
E) The Arms Race
  • Arms race struggle to gain weapons superiority
  • Deterrence make the US military so strong that
    no enemy would dare attack
  • Brinkmanship policy of risking war in order to
    protect national interests (660)
  • ICBM long-range rockets that deliver nuclear
    warheads (US bombers)
  • Sputnik first artificial satellite to orbit
    earth
  • U-2 incident American spy plane shot down by
    the USSR 15 miles high
  • US lagging behind in military

9
Review
  • What were the characteristics of the McCarthy
    era?
  • How was the Cold War waged in Southeast Asia, the
    Middle East, and Latin America during the 1950s?
  • How did the arms race develop?
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