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US Weapons of the

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US Weapons of the Persian Gulf War ... it was the first time in history that men ... former Army Chief of Staff Principal U.S. heavy tank used in the Gulf War M-1 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: US Weapons of the


1
US Weapons of the
  • Persian Gulf War

2
Objectives
  • Identify the difference between Desert Shield
    and Desert Storm.
  • Describe weapons used by the United States in the
    air war against Iraq.
  • Describe weapons used by the United States in the
    ground war against Iraq.
  • Discuss the effectiveness of US weapons.

3
The Conflict
  • On August 2, 1990 the country of Iraq invaded and
    occupied the tiny country of Kuwait over a
    supposed dispute over oil.

4
United States Responds
  • President George W. Bush declared that the
    invasion would not stand.
  • Bush decided to send American troops to protect
    Saudi Arabia (Desert Shield) and eventually
    liberate Kuwait (Desert Storm).

5
Outcome
  • American forces led by Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf
    would eventually annihilate the Iraqi forces with
    the worlds most advanced weapons.

6
Air Support
  • American air superiority gave the coalition
    forces a huge advantage in this conflict.
  • American aircraft completed decimated Saddam
    Huessiens forces.
  • Air superiority included bombers, attack
    helicopters, fighter jets and other highly
    advanced weapons.

7
F-117a
8
F-117a stealth
  • Designed to be virtually invisible to radar.
  • Nicknamed the Wobblin Goblin because of bumpy
    ride and outlandish appearance
  • Primary weapon (2,000 pound laser - guided bombs)
  • Targets in Gulf War included Iraqi command and
    control installations and also chemical and
    nuclear production and storage facilities.

9
B-52
10
B-52 Stratofortress
  • US Airforces long range, large payload
    multi-role bomber.
  • Nicknamed BUFF - Big Ugly Fat Fellow
  • Can carry more than 70,000 lbs of bombs -
    nuclear, laser guided and conventional.
  • In Operation Desert Storm, B-52s were used to
    conduct round-the-clock carpet bombing attacks
    against Iraqi troop concentrations and defenses.
    In addition to high-explosive bombs, the B-52s
    saturated Iraqi positions with anti-personnel and
    anti-armor bombs.

11
BGM - 109
12
Tomahawk cruise missile
  • Desert Storm was the first combat test of the
    cruise missile system. Highly successful.
  • In the war, Tomahawks were used to destroy
    surface-to-air missile sites, command and control
    centers, electrical power facilities and were
    credited with the destruction of Iraq's
    presidential palace.
  • Carry 1000 lbs computer or laser guided missiles
    - 550 miles per hour - up to 1500 miles

13
AH - 64
14
AH - 64 apache
  • Specifically designed for its attack role. It is
    heavily armored and is hard to kill.
  • Uses Hellfire anti-tank missiles that have
    range of 3.7 miles. Top speed 184 miles an hour.
  • 30 mm laser directed gun also used - attached to
    pilots helmet targeting information seen
  • Primary use in Gulf was to destroy tanks and
    armored vehicles - highly effective weapon.

15
S-70A
16
S-70A Blackhawk
  • Primary mission of the Blackhawk is as a troop
    carrier and and logistical support aircraft
  • Can carry 11 fully equipped troops.
  • Equipped with the Hellfire anti-tank missile and
    50 calibre machine guns
  • Designed for low delectability.

17
AH-1W
18
AH-1W SuperCobra
  • US Marines attack helicopter.
  • Can carry both the TOW and Hellfire anti-tank
    missiles.
  • Also able to use the Sidewinder air-to-air
    missile.
  • Equipped also with a variety of rockets and 20 mm
    gatling guns.

19
A-10
20
A-10 Thunderbolt
  • Also known as the Warthog, Flying Gun, or the
    Tankbuster.
  • The A-10 was responsible for more than half of
    the Iraqi military inventory losses, including
    tanks, Scuds and helicopters.
  • Can carry up to ten Maverick air-to-surface
    missiles.
  • Avenger 30mm cannon, mounted in the nose of the
    aircraft. Can fire 4200 rounds a minute.

21
F -14
22
F-14 Tomcat
  • The F-14 Tomcat is the US Navy's carrier-based
    two-seat air defense, intercept, strike and
    reconnaissance aircraft
  • The F-14 is armed with a General Electric Vulcan
    M61A-1 20mm gun with 675 rounds of ammunition.
  • The aircraft can carry short-, medium- and
    long-range air-to-air missiles and, and
    air-to-ground ordnance including the Rockeye bomb
    and CBU cluster bomb

23
F-15 E
24
F-15E Strike Eagle
  • The F-15E dual-role fighter is an advanced
    long-range interdiction fighter and tactical
    aircraft
  • It is armed with air-to-air missiles that can be
    launched from beyond visual range, and has
    air-to-ground capability to penetrate hostile air
    and ground defenses to deliver up to 24,000lb of
    precision ordnance.
  • The aircraft is armed with an internal M-61 20mm
    Gatling gun, installed in the right wing root.

25
F-16
26
F-16 Fighting Falcon
  • The first of the US Air Force multi-role fighter
    aircraft, is the world's most prolific fighter.
  • Air-to-surface missiles carried on the F-16
    include Maverick, HARM and Shrike missiles
  • The F-16 carries the Lockheed Martin LANTIRN
    infra-red navigation and targeting system.
  • The F-16 has a 20mm General Electric M61A1
    multi-barrel cannon and the gunsight is
    interfaced to the cockpit HUD.

27
UAV
28
Drones
  • Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are either
    remotely or autonomous pilotless drones typically
    used for reconnaissance. UAVs
  • At least one UAV was airborne at all times during
    Desert Storm.
  • One of the most unusual surrenders took place
    when a Pioneer remotely-piloted vehicle droned
    above the battlefield, surveying potential
    targets. Five Iraqi soldiers waved white flags at
    its tiny television camera it was the first time
    in history that men surrendered to a robot.

29
Air War Assessment
  • Began January 17, 1991 and lasted about 6 weeks
    until the ground attack began.
  • Air power was then used to assist the ground
    assault.
  • Air power gave the US an extreme advantage

Tomahawk destroying Iraqi postion
30
The Ground War
  • On Feb 24, 1991 Marine divisions launched the
    ground offensive.
  • Gen. Schwarzkopf hatched his Hail Mary attack
    plan.
  • The ground assault by the Allies precipitated a
    general rout on the part of Iraqi forces
    positioned in Kuwait.

31
Desert Storm - Ground Offensive
32
M - 1A1
33
M1 - Abrams
  • Named for the late Gen. Creighton W. Abrams,
    former Army Chief of Staff
  • Principal U.S. heavy tank used in the Gulf War
  • M-1 mounts an M68E1 105 mm main gun and two
    7.62mm NATO M240 machine guns.
  • Outranged Iraqi tanks by about 1,000 meters
  • Its ability to fire reliably when moving at speed
    (45 mph) over rough ground gave it a capability
    that proved valuable in the Gulf.

34
M - 109A6
35
M109 Paladin A6
  • Provides primary indirect fire support to heavy
    divisions and armored cavalry regiments.
  • The M109A6 is self propelled 155 mm howitzer.
  • It contains an on board ballistic computer and
    navigation system, an improved cannon and gun
    mount, automatic gun positioning, automotive
    improvements and driver night vision equipment.

36
HMMWV
37
High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle
  • Provides a variety of wheeled vehicle platforms
  • Cargo/troop carrier, armament carrier, TOW
    missile system carrier, shelter carrier and two
    ambulance variants (2- and 4-litter).
  • Designed for use over all types of roads, in all
    weather conditions and are extremely effective in
    the most difficult terrain.
  • Perfect for use in desert operations

38
M2/M3
39
Bradley Fighting Vehicle
  • The BFVS is a lightly armored, fully tracked
    fighting vehicle that provides cross-country
    mobility, mounted firepower and protection from
    artillery and small-arms fire.
  • It is used in mechanized infantry and armored
    cavalry combat
  • M2 provides infantry squads with a light armored
    fighting vehicle M3 provides scout and armored
    cavalry units with a vehicle for reconnaissance,
    screening, and security missions.

40
MLRS
41
Multiple Launch Rocket System
  • The multiple launch rocket system (MLRS) delivers
    extreme firepower in a short time.
  • The MLRS consists of a launcher that holds two
    six-rocket canisters.
  • Primary missions are counter-battery fire and
    suppression of enemy air defense systems.
  • Each MLRS artillery rocket disperses 644
    fragmentation bomblets over the target.
  • These munitions are both anti-armor and
    antipersonnel.

42
M-9
43
M9 Armored Combat Earthmover
  • The M9 ACE is a highly mobile armored tracked
    vehicle that provides combat engineer support to
    front-line forces.
  • Its tasks include eliminating enemy obstacles,
    maintenance and repair of roads and supply
    routes, and construction of fighting positions.
  • Used in the Gulf War to remove sand walls set up
    by Iraqis to slow down US offensive.

44
Ground War Assessment
  • Operation Desert Storm(ground) lasted only 100
    hours.
  • The Iraqi forces were totally destroyed by the
    American led Coalition forces.
  • 100,000 Iraqis killed 148 Americans

45
Never Forget those who have served their
country!!!
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