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MENTAL ILLNESS

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Etiology Causation & developmental history of illness Where did it come from? ... Abnormal Psychology Author: Michael B. Kitchens Last modified by: lvcits – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: MENTAL ILLNESS


1
MENTAL ILLNESS
  • UNDERSTANDING
  • PATHOLOGICAL BEHAVIOR

2
What is Mental Illness?
  • Deviance
  • Departure from cultural norms

3
Culture Pathology
  • Relativistic View
  • There is no standards of normality
  • Pancultural View
  • Basic standards of normality are cross-cultural

4
What is Mental Illness?
  • Deviance
  • Departure from cultural norms
  • Maladaptive Behavior (a.k.a., functional
    impairment)
  • Everyday behavior is impaired
  • Personal Distress
  • Subjective report of pain

5
Clinical Psychology The New Look
  • Medical Model
  • Proposes that it is useful to think of abnormal
    behavior as a disease

6
The Medical Model
  • Diagnosis
  • Distinguishing one illness from another
  • What is it?

7
Diagnosis
  • Determining whether the individuals problem
    meets all the criteria for a psychological
    disorder

8
The Medical Model
  • Diagnosis
  • Distinguishing one illness from another
  • What is it?
  • Etiology
  • Causation developmental history of illness
  • Where did it come from?
  • Prognosis
  • A forecast about the probable course of an
    illness
  • Where is it going?

9
Myths of Mental Illness
  • Disorders are incurable
  • People with mental illness are violent
  • People with mental illness behave bizarrely

10
Who is mentally ill?
  • Prevalence
  • The percentage of a population that exhibits a
    disorder during a specified time period
  • Substance Abuse
  • Anxiety
  • Mood

11
Psychology the Law
  • Insanity
  • A legal status indicating that a person cannot
    be held responsible for his or her actions
    because of mental illness
  • Mnaghten Rule
  • Insanity exists when a mental disorder makes a
    person unable to distinguish right from wrong

12
Psychology The Law
  • Involuntary Commitment
  • Hospitalized in psychiatric facilities against
    ones will
  • Temporary (24-72 hrs) vs. Long-term (6 mos.)
  • Dangerous to themselves
  • Dangerous to others
  • Need treatment (severe disorientation)
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