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Hinduism

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Title: Hinduism


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Hinduism
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Place of Origin India
Founder Unknown
Sacred Text Shastras",
Major Festivals Diwali-festival of lights
Holy Place Temples
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  • Hinduism developed out of Brahmanism and is
    Ancient
  • Hindus believed they could manipulate the
    material and spiritual worlds through magic
  • They turned to prayers, _spells_, incantations,
    rituals and sacrifices to bring about changes in
    the physical world .
  • They named the power inherent in the spells,
    prayers, and rituals brajham.
  • Brahmanism is found in Hinduism
  • Brahman-the one god of the universe
  • Brahma- the creator god
  • Brahmin-_priest

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  • _Aum_is the main symbol of Hinduism
  • It is the sound heard in deepest meditation and
    is said to be the name most suited for God

5
HOW IS HINDUISM DIFFERENT FROM OHER FATIHS?
  • Hinduism has no founder, single teacher nor any
    _prophets.
  • Hinduism is not a single Religion rather it is
    the practices of a variety of different religious
    groups which come out of India.

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WHAT DO HINDUS BELIEVE?
  • Hindus believe that there us a part of Brahman in
    everyone and this is called the Atman
  • Hindus believe in reincarnation
  • A belief that the soul is eternal and lives many
    lifetimes.

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WHAT IS KARMA? MOKSHA?
  • Karma is the cause of a persons particular
    destiny.
  • The spiritual goal of a Hindu is to become one
    with _Brahma. This is Moksha.

8
WHY ARE THERE SO MANY HINDU GODS?
  • Hindus actually believe in one God, Brahman.
  • The gods of the Hindu faith represent different
    forms of Brahman
  • Most Hindus have a personal god or goddess to
    whom they pray regularly.

9
The Hindu Trimurti
  • The Hindu trinity is of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.
    They are respectively the creator, preserver and
    destroyer of the universe.

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Brahma- the Creator
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Vishnu- the Preserver
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Shiva- the Destroyer
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A Few Other Gods
Saraswathi Lakshmi Parvatk
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Where Do Hindus Worship?? What is the Hindu Holy
Book?
  • Most Hindus worship daily in their home and have
    a shrine.
  • The Hindu building for communal worship is called
    mandir.
  • Hinduism does not have on sacred book but several
    scriptures.
  • The most ancient sacred texts of the Hindu
    religion are written in sanskrit.
  • The oldest religious texts are the Vedas.

15
What are the Practices of Hindus?
  • There are three basic practices
  • Worship
  • Cremation
  • The dead are burnt not buried
  • Compliance with the rules of the caste system

16
The Caste System
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Caste System
  • The Indian Caste system has long been a defining
    part of Indian history. 
  • In the past, the caste system has determined a
    persons role in life
  • . People could only marry a person that was in
    their caste, as well as only get a job within
    their own caste

18
The Untouchables-Dalits
  • The untouchables were the outcastes, or people
    beyond the caste system.
  • Their jobs or habits
  • involved polluting activities

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Buddhism
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Buddhism
Place of Origin North East India
Founder Siddhartha Guatama (The Buddha
Sacred Text Tripitka
Symbols Lotus flower, Buddha, Wheel of Life
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  • Siddhartha Guatama found the path to
  • Enlightenment
  • Siddhartha was led from the path of suffering and
    rebirth and became know as the the Buddha or
    awakened one

22
What are the symbols of Buddhism?
  • The wheel of life which symbolizes the cycle of
    life, death and rebirth.The eight spokes remind
    people that the Buddha taught about eight ways of
    life.
  • The lotus flower symbolizes purity and divine
    birth.
  • Statues of Buddha include lots of symbols. There
    are 32 symbols in Buddhism which show that the
    Buddha was a special person.

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  • Buddhist believe there is a cycle of birth, life
    and death and rebirth. Unless someone gains
    Enlightenment, when they die, they will be
    reborn.
  • If a person can gain Enlightenment, they can
    break out of the cycle which is called Nirvana.
    It is the end of everything that is not perfect

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Nirvana
Life
Death
Death
Life
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  • The sacred text (Holy Book) of Buddhist is called
    the Tripitaka
  • It is written in an ancient Indian language
    called Pali which is very close to the language
    the Buddha spoke.
  • It is a very large book-the English translation
    is nearly forty volumes

29
What do Buddhists Believe?
  • There are three Buddhist central beliefs. They
    are known as the three jewels because they are so
    precious
  • Belief in Buddha
  • Dharma- The teaching of Buddha
  • The Sangha- the Buddhist community made up of
    ordinary people as well as monks and nuns. The
    purpose is to help others and by doing so to
    cease to become selfish and to move on the way
    toward enlightenment

30
  • Reincarnation is another important belief
  • The concept that one must go through many cycles
    of birth, living and death.
  • After many such cycles, if a person releases
    their attachment to desire and self, they can
    achieve Nirvana

31
The Four Noble Truths
  • Dukkha Suffering exists
  • Samudaya There is a cause for suffering
  • Nirodha There is an end to suffering
  • Magga In order to end suffering, you must follow
    the Eightfold Path

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Five Main Rules to Live By
  • Do not take the life of anything living
  • Do not take anything not freely given
  • Abstain from sexual misconduct and sensual
    overindulgence
  • Refrain from untrue speech
  • Do not consume alcohol or other drugs
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