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Nathaniel Hawthorne

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Title: Nathaniel Hawthorne


1
Nathaniel Hawthorne DarkRomanticism
  • American Literature Composition
  • Ms. Villa

2
Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne (born Nathaniel Hathorne
    July 4, 1804 May 19, 1864) was an American
    novelist and short story writer.
  • Changed his last name so he would be
    disassociated with relatives that were involved
    in the Salem Witch Trials

3
  • Much of Hawthorne's writing centers around New
    England, many works featuring moral allegories
    with a Puritan inspiration.
  • His fiction works are considered part of the
    Romantic movement and, more specifically, dark
    romanticism

4
  • His themes often center on the inherent evil and
    sin of humanity, and his works often have moral
    messages and deep psychological complexity.

5
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6
  • As he looked back on this period of his life, he
    wrote "I have not lived, but only dreamed about
    living".
  • He contributed short stories, including "Young
    Goodman Brown" and "The Minister's Black Veil",
    to various magazines and annuals, though none
    drew major attention to the author.

7
  • Salem Custom House where Hawthorn Worked...
  • Describe the architecture

8
  • Hawthorne returned to writing and published The
    Scarlet Letter in mid-March 1850
  • This is probably his most famous work.

9
  • Literary style and themes
  • Hawthorne was predominantly a short story writer
    in his early career. His four major romances were
    written between 1850 and 1860 The Scarlet Letter
    (1850), The House of the Seven Gables (1851), The
    Blithedale Romance (1852) and The Marble Faun
    (1860).

10
  • Hawthorne's works belong to romanticism or, more
    specifically, dark romanticism,cautionary tales
    that suggest that guilt, sin, and evil are the
    most inherent natural qualities of humanity.
  • Many of his tales and novels focus on a type of
    historical fiction, though Hawthorne's depiction
    of the past is used only as a vehicle to express
    themes of ancestral sin, guilt and retribution.

11
  • Statue of Hawthorne in Salem, Massachusetts.

12
Some Works
  • Selected short stories
  • "My Kinsman, Major Molineux" (1832)
  • "Young Goodman Brown" (1835)
  • "The Gray Champion" (1835)
  • "The White Old Maid" (1835)
  • "The Ambitious Guest" (1835)
  • "The Minister's Black Veil" (1836)
  • "The Man of Adamant" (1837)
  • "The Maypole of Merry Mount" (1837)
  • "The Great Carbuncle" (1837)
  • "Dr. Heidegger's Experiment" (1837)
  • "A Virtuoso's Collection" (May 1842)
  • "The Birth-Mark" (March 1843)

13
DARK ROMANTICISM
  • AMERICAN LITERATURE COMPOSITION
  • MS. VILLA

14
WHAT IS IT?
  • Dark romanticism is a literary subgenre that
    emerged from the Transcendental philosophical
    movement popular in nineteenth-century America.
  • Works in the dark romantic spirit were influenced
    by Transcendentalism, but did not entirely
    embrace the ideas of Transcendentalism.
  • Such works are notably less optimistic than
    Transcendental texts about mankind, nature, and
    divinity.
  • Authors considered most representative of dark
    romanticism are Edgar Allan Poe, Nathaniel
    Hawthorne, Herman Melville, poet Emily Dickinson
    and Italian poet Ugo Foscolo.

15
SAY WHAT?
  • DARK ROMANTIC works are notably less optimistic
    than Transcendental texts about mankind, nature,
    and divinity.
  • Authors considered most representative of dark
    romanticism are Edgar Allan Poe, Nathaniel
    Hawthorne, Herman Melville, poet Emily Dickinson
    and Italian poet Ugo Foscolo.

16
ORIGIN
  • Dark Romanticism's birth was a mid-nineteenth-cent
    ury reaction to the American Transcendental
    movement.

17
CHARACTERISTICS OF DARK ROMANTICISM
  • Dark Romantics are much less confident about the
    notion perfection is an innate quality of
    mankind, as believed by Transcendentalists.
  • Dark Romantics present individuals as prone to
    sin and self-destruction, not as inherently
    possessing divinity and wisdom.

18
More Characteristics
  • The Dark Romantics adapted images of
    anthropomorphized evil in the form of Satan,
    devils, ghosts . . . vampires, and ghouls.
    Secondly, while both groups (T DR) believe
    nature is a deeply spiritual force, Dark
    Romanticism views it in a much more sinister
    light than does Transcendentalism, which sees
    nature as a divine and universal organic
    mediator.

19
How Dark Romantics Portray the World
  • Dark Romantics, the natural world is dark,
    decaying, and mysterious when it does reveal
    truth to man, its revelations are evil and
    hellish. Finally, whereas Transcendentalists
    advocate social reform when appropriate, works of
    Dark Romanticism frequently show individuals
    failing in their attempts to make changes for the
    better

20
Examples of Dark Romantics
  • "Tell-Tale Heart" (1843) by Edgar Allan Poe"The
    Birth-Mark" (1843) by Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • "The Minister's Black Veil" (1843) by Nathaniel
    Hawthorne
  • Moby-Dick (1851) by Herman Melville
  • Bartleby the Scrivener" (1856) by Herman Melville
  • The Fall of the House of Usher" (1839) by Edgar
    Allan Poe"Dream-Land" (1844) by Edgar Allan Poe
  • "The Raven" (1845) by Edgar Allan Poe
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