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Standard 3 Christian Tarantola 5
Topic 1 Topic 2 Topic 3 Topic 4 Topic 5
10 10 10 10 10
20 20 20 20 20
30 30 30 30 30
40 40 40 40 40
50 50 50 50 50
Question 1 - 10
  • 15. Analyze and/or explain the causes of the
    economic challenges faced by American Farmers?

Answer 1 10
  • 15. New inventions helped farmers increase
    production. since there was more of an abundance
    of crops the prices dropped. they were in debt
    from buying all the new machines to help grow
    crops but since the prices of crops dropped they
    were making less. the gold standard made things
    worse for farmers because it raises the value of
    money. their loans remained but there income

Question 1 - 20
  • 16. Identify strategies used by farmers to
    address the economic challenges faced by American

Answer 1 20
  • 16. To try and help their situation they formed
    the populist party they wanted to eliminate the
    gold standard, passage of an income tax, the end
    of life tenure of federal judges, and the end of
    printing of paper currency by private banks.

Question 1 - 30
  • 17. Analyze and/or explain the social and/or
    political causes and/or conditions in government,
    society, and the economy that contributed to the
    Second Industrial Revolution?

Answer 1 30
  • 17. The second industrial revolution helped us
    shift from an economy based on manual labor to
    one dominated by industry the inventions that
    came about during this time helped people work
    and no things more efficiently people starts
    buying more things and there were people
    monopolizing parts of the industry.

Question 1 - 40
  • 18. Explain and/or evaluate the significance of
    events, movements, and people in American society
    prior to and/or during the Second Industrial

Answer 1 40
  • 18. The second industrial revolution was from
    1870-1914. Between 1820 and 1860, the visual map
    of the United States was change by unprecedented
    urbanization and rapid territorial expansion.
    These changes is what started the Second
    Industrial Revolution which peaked between 1870
    and 1914. Between the annexation of Texas (1845),
    the British retreat from Oregon country, and The
    Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo (1848) which cemented
    Mexican cession of the Southwest to the United
    States, territorial expansion exponentially
    rewrote the competing visions free-soilers,
    European immigrants, industrial capitalists, and
    Native Americans held for the future of the
    American Empire. the red indicates the railroads

Question 1 - 50
  • 19. Analyze and/or evaluate the human experience
    during the Second Industrial Revolution?

Answer 1 50
  • 19. For one thing, all unneeded human motions
    were eliminated such as hand tools. a diesel
    engine was designed. New ways of manufacturing
    textiles, the steam engine, and advances in metal
    working freed us to make more, and make it

Question 2 - 10
  • 20. Identify the new industries and/or economic
    innovations of the Second Industrial Revolution
    and their impact on American economy and society?

Answer 2 10
  • 20. The Bessemer Steel Process, removed carbon
    from iron to produce steel. It was light,
    flexible, and rust resistant other than steel.
    The Bessemer Steel Process became highly known
    for railroads, new farming machines, and
    construction of skyscrapers and bridges.
    Railroads were another innovation that highly
    impacted Americans in the Second revolution. They
    were need by the government to expand the
    country. The Transcontinental Railway was a
    railroad that connected Central Pacific and the
    Union Pacific to Promontory, Utah. It allowed to
    transfer people and send mail, meat, cargo faster
    and easier. It also gave jobs to many American
    people and immigrants. It was a harsh job and
    corrupt to the point the government had to
    regulate it. Electricity is also another
    invention, invented by Thomas Edison. It gave the
    opportunity for many other inventions to be
    created because of it.

Question 2 - 20
  • 21. Identify the significant inventors of the
    Second Industrial Revolution?

Answer 2 20
  • 21. Significant inventors of the Second
    Industrial revolution are Henry Bessemer and
    William Kelley(Bessemer Steel Process), Thomas
    Edison (electricity), Henry Ford (Ford
    automobile, assembly line), Alexander Graham Bell
    (telephone). Innovators Andrew Carnegie
    (steel), John D. Rockefeller (Standard Oil
    Company), Cornelius Vanderbilt (railroad
    expansion), and JP Morgan (Banking).

Question 2 - 30
  • 22. Compare and contrast the experiences of
    Northern European, Southern European, and Asian
    immigrants during the Second Industrial

Answer 2 30
  • 22. Because of the advances the Second Industrial
    Revolution had to offer, numerous immigrants
    viewed America as a fresh start. The Second
    Industrial Revolution is generally recognized as
    the period between 1870 and 1914 in which the
    U.S. received an abundance of natural resources
    from its newly acquired territories, a growing
    supply of labor immigrating from Europe, an
    expanding market for manufactured goods, and the
    availability of capital for investment. The
    Second Industrial Revolution took local
    communities and their new products out of the
    shadow of large regional agricultural based
    economies which was assisted by new labor forces
    and production techniques. Also, innovations in
    transportation, such as roads, steamboats, the
    Eerie Canal, and most notably railroads, linked
    distant, previously isolated communities
    together. Overall, the rapid growth of
    manufacturing from 1880 to 1920 relied heavily on
    immigrant labor. In the latter part of the 19th
    century, the cotton manufacturing industry and
    the iron and steel industry relied heavily on
    old immigrants from Great Britain and
    Northwestern Europe, but in the early decades of
    the 20th century, the rapid growth of these
    industries became increasingly dependent on new
    immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe. The
    dominance of the Eastern European immigrants were
    located in apparel manufacture (and trade), but
    immigrants were also over-represented in mining
    and construction and throughout the heavy
    industries in the Northeast and Midwest. However,
    the fact that one-third of European immigrants
    from 1908 to 1923 returned to Europe demonstrates
    the difficulties of what both European and Asian
    immigrants had to deal with to adjust to life. To
    make matters worse, the massive wave of European
    immigration from 1880 to 1920 raised the demand
    for labor and drew even larger numbers from the
    dispossessed Southern peasantry, thus making
    employment in industrializing America difficult
    to find. As a matter a fact, because of the mass
    amounts of immigrants coming over to America
    because of economic hardships, religious
    persecutions, or other conflicts in their
    homelands, Congress began taking action by
    restricting immigrants from entering. One of
    these actions includes the Chinese Exclusion Act
    which banned entry to all Chinese except
    students, teachers, merchants, tourists, and
    government officials. Not only that, but a local
    board of education in San Francisco segregated
    Japanese children by putting them in separate
    schools. However, Japan raised an angry protest
    at the treatment of its emigrants, so President
    Theodore Roosevelt known as the Gentlemans
    Agreement of 1907-1908. Japans government agreed
    to limit emigration of unskilled workers to the
    United States in exchange for the repeal of the
    San Francisco segregation order. All the groups
    of immigrants experienced hardships, but Asians
    experienced a little bit more maltreatment than
    Europeans who only dealt with the struggles of

Question 2 - 40
  • 23. Explain the impact of social change and
    reform movements in the late 19th and early 20th

Answer 2 40
  • 23. From the late nineteenth century to the early
    twentieth century, numerous reform movements
    aroused to instill social changes. Society called
    attention to issues that they were unsatisfied
    with for example, during this time period the
    Progressive movement took place. The progressive
    movements hoped to return control of the
    government to the people, to restore economic
    opportunities, and to correct injustices in
    American life. Many social welfare reformers
    worked to soften some of the harsh conditions of
    industrialization. The Social Gospel and
    settlement house aimed to help the poor through
    community centers, churches, and social services.
    In addition, many acts helped inspire workers for
    rights the Illinois Factory Act in 1893
    prohibited child labor and limited womens
    working hours. Beforehand, they were forced to
    work back breaking jobs throughout numerous hours
    in poor conditions that were often harmful and
    unsanitary for a terrible pay. Other reformers
    felt that morality held the key to improving the
    lives of poor people. They wanted immigrants and
    poor city dwellers to uplift themselves by
    improving their personal behavior prohibition,
    the banning of alcoholic beverages, was one such
    program. The Womans Christian Temperance Union
    (WCTU) was amongst the groups that actively
    supported the crusade for prohibition. They also
    took part in other reform activities that
    provided women with extended public roles, which
    they used to justify giving women voting rights.
    When the U.S. was founded, only white men were
    allowed to vote and elect representatives to
    government. In the new 20th Century, many women
    were demanding suffrage, or the right to vote.
    They tried to convince state legislators to grant
    women the right to vote, and then pursued court
    cases to test the 14th Amendment, and lastly they
    pushed for a national constitutional amendment to
    grant women the vote. By the turn of the century,
    the campaign for suffrage achieved only modest
    success. However, efforts paid off in
    improvements in the treatment of workers and in
    safer food and drug products throughout the 19th
    and 20th centuries. Its during this time, in
    which citizens forced their voices to be heard in
    order to have the peoples best interest in mind.
    Changes were presented through reform movements
    which offered hope and somewhat equality to all
    the people.

Question 2 - 50
  • 24. Assess government policies and the labor
    movement of the Industrial Revolution?

Answer 2 50
  • 24. Beginning with Alexander Hamiltons proposals
    for a Federal Bank, protective tariff, and
    support for the Whig Partys push for internal
    improvements. During the canal and railroad
    building frenzy of the 1820s- 1850s, state
    governments did their best to encourage the
    development of an infrastructure. Real
    assistance for industrial growth came after the
    Civil War when the North triumphed and was able
    to impose its economic priorities on the rest of
    the country. High protective tariffs were passed
    to shield American businesses from foreign
    competition. An open door immigration policy
    guaranteed a lot of workers willing to labor for
    long hours at low wages. A sound money policy
    kept the currency from inflating and convinced
    creditors they would not be repaid with dollars
    of equal value. Striking workers were harassed
    and often arrested by state, local, and national
    governments dedicated to keeping an obedient work
    force. Millions of dollars and acres of land
    were granted to corporations to encourage them to
    lay more railroad track than were laid in the
    world. Perhaps the most important was to just
    leave them alone and unregulated, so businessmen
    didnt worry about government interfering with
    their activities and they had freedom (with
    limits) to make money in anyway they could (Also
    called laissez-faire).
  • The labor movement in the U.S. grew out of need
    to protect the common interest of workers. For
    those in the industrial sector, organized labor
    unions fought for better wages, reasonable hours
    and safer working conditions. The labor movement
    led efforts to stop child labor, give health
    benefits and provide aid to workers who were
    injured or retired.

Question 3 - 10
  • 25. Explain the impact of key events and peoples
    in Florida history related to the Second
    Industrial Revolution?

Answer 3 10
  • 25. People 1880 Henry B.Plant becomes a Florida
    railroad tycoon.
  • After the Civil War, seasoned businessman Henry
    B. Plant bought two bankrupt railroad companies.
    He fixed the war- ruined lines and over the next
    20 years built a railroad empire that controlled
    more than 2,100 miles of track throughout the
    South. With Tampa Bay as its headquarters,
    Plant's system of railroads became essential for
    moving Florida's produce to customers in the
  • People 1883 Henry Flagler begins development of
    Eastern Florida.
  • Henry Flagler made his fortune as a partner in
    the Standard Oil Company. In 1883 Flagler began
    reinvesting his money in Florida businesses. In
    1888 he built the 540-room Hotel Ponce de Leon in
    St. Augustine. In 1894 the 1150-room Royal
    Poinciana Hotel opened in Palm Beach. Later he
    built the Florida East Coast Railway, extending
    it all the way to Miami. In 1902 Flagler unveiled
    Whitehall, a 60,000-square-foot winter retreat
    for the wealthy, located in Palm Beach. Then, in
    1905 Flagler began construction on an extension
    of the Florida East Coast Railway from Biscayne
    Bay to Key West, some 128 miles from the tip of
    the Florida peninsula.
  • Events1834-Present Railroads open Florida to
    new growth.
  • Florida's sometimes difficult terrain proved no
    match for 19th-century railroad tycoons.
    Impressed with the state's tropical climate and
    natural resources. Henry B. Plant and Henry
    Flagler built transportation empires that linked
    Florida's farms to Northern markets. Later, the
    railroads spurred the state's booming population
    growth and tourism industry.
  • Events1888-Present Opulent hotels attract
  • The construction of the Hotel Ponce de Leon in
    1888 and the Tampa Bay Hotel in 1891made Florida
    a top destination for America's elite. Henry
    Flagler's string of opulent accommodations
    stretched along his railroad line from St.
    Augustine to Miami. His most famous hotels
    included the Hotel Ormond just north of Daytona,
    the 1150-room Royal Poinciana Hotel in Palm
    Beach, and the exclusive Royal Palm Hotel in

Question 3 - 20
  • Agricultural Surplus An Agricultural Production
    That Exceeds The Needs Of The Society For Which
    It Is Being Produced
  • Business Monopolies When One Person Or Company
    Has Control Over A Majority Of A Particular
    Product Or Service To The Point Where There Is No
  • Cross Of Gold A Speech Delivered By William
    Jennings Bryan At The 1896 Democratic National
    Convention In Chicago That Advocated Bimetallism.
    The Democratic Party Wanted To Standardize The
    Value Of The Dollar To Silver And Opposed The
    Gold Standard.
  • Farmers Alliance A Group Of Farmers, Or Those In
    Sympathy With Farming Issues, That Sent Lecturers
    From Town To Town To Educate People About
    Agricultural And Rural Issues.
  • Government Regulation Of Food And Drugs The
    Country's And Congress's Attention With Public
    Hygiene Demonstrations Which Were Responsible For
    Protecting And Promoting Public Health Through
    The Regulation And Supervision Of Food Safety,
    Tobacco Products, Dietary Supplements,
    Prescription And Over-the-counter Pharmaceutical
    Drugs (Medications), Vaccines, Etc.
  • Grange The Patrons Of Husbandry- A Social And
    Educational Organization Through Which Farmers
    Attempted To Combat The Power Of The Railroads In
    The Late 19th Century
  • Granger Laws A Series Of Laws Which Regulated
    Long- And Short-haul Discrimination And Other
    Railroad Abuses Against Farmers.
  • Homestead Act (1862) A Law Enacted In 1862 That
    Provided 160 Acres In The West To Any Citizen Who
    Was Head Of Household And Would Cultivate The
    Land For Five Years
  • Industrialization The Development Of Industry On
    An Extensive Scale.
  •  Interstate Commerce Act A Law Designed To
    Regulate The Railroad Industry Pertaining To Its
    Monopolists Practices.
  •  Populism The Political Doctrine That Supports
    The Rights And Powers Of The Common People In
    Their Struggle With Privileged Elite
  •  Urbanization Taken On The Characteristics Of A

Answer 3 20
  • African American Inventors George Crum, Lewis
    Larimer, Garret A. Morgan, Dr. Charles, Richard
    Drew, Fredericks M. Jones, James E. West, George
    Caruthers, Dr. Patricia Bath
  • American Federation Of Labor A Federation Of
    North American Labor Unions That Merged With The
    Congress Of Industrial Organization In 1995
  • Bessemer Process A Steal Making Process In Which
    Carbon, Silicon, And Other Impurities Are Removed
  • Child Labor The Use Of Children In Industry
  • Chinese Exclusion Act A Law That Suspended
    Chinese Immigration Intend To Last 10 Years
  • Everglades Subtropical Marshy Region
  • Gentlemen's Agreement An Agreement Based On
    Honor And Not Legally Binding
  • Government Regulation Regulation Is "Controlling
    Human Or Societal Behavior By Rules Or
    Restrictions." Regulation Can Take Many Forms
  • Great Migration The Great Migration Was The
    Movement Of 2 Million African Americans Out Of
    The Southern United States To The Midwest,
    Northeast And West
  • Haymarket Riot The Haymarket Affair (Also Known
    As The Haymarket Massacre) Refers To The
    Aftermath Of A Bombing That Took Place At A Labor
    Demonstration On Tuesday May 4, 1886, At
    Haymarket Square In Chicago
  • Hennery Morrison Flagler (January 2, 1830 - May
    20, 1913) Was An American Tycoon, Real Estate
    Promoter, Railroad Developer
  • Homestead Strike The Homestead Strike Was An
    Industrial Lockout And Strike Which Began On June
    30, 1892, Culminating In A Battle Between
    Strikers And Private Security Agents On July 6,
  • Ida Tarbell United States Writer Remembered For
    Her Muckraking Investigations Into Industries In
    The Early 20th Century (1857-1944)
  • Immigration The Action Of Coming To Live
    Permanently In A Foreign Country
  • INNOVATION A New Idea, Method, Or Device
  • Knights Of Labor- A Secret Organization Whose
    Professed Purpose Is To Secure And Maintain The
    Rights Of Workingmen As Respects Their Relations
    To Their Employer.
  • Labor Unions- An Organized Association Of
    Workers, Often In A Trade Or Profession, Formed
    To Protect And Further Their Rights And
  • Market Economy- An Economy That Relies Chiefly On
    Market Forces To Allocate Goods And Resources And
    To Determine Prices.
  • Muckrakers- One Who Spreads Real Or Alleged
    Scandal About Another (Usually For Political

Question 3 - 30
Answer 3 30
  • m

Question 3 - 40
  • Identify and evaluate the causes and/or
    consequences of the Civil War.

Answer 3 40
  • Causes of the Civil War include economic
    differences between the North and the SouthThe
    North thrived off of industry and the South
    thrived off of agriculture. The growth of the
    Abolition Movement also contributed to the Civil
    War as the North became more and more fixated on
    a country without slavery. Uncle Toms Cabin by
    Harriet Beecher Stowe, the Dread Scott Case, John
    Browns raid, and the Fugitive Slave Act all led
    to the start of the war. These issues divided the
    country and turned many people against each
    other, many perished, and money became scarce.

Question 3 - 50
  • Identify the economic , political and/or social
    causes of the Civil War.

Answer 3 50
  • Economic causes of the Civil War include the
    contrasting economies in the North and South. The
    North was industrialized, creating goods in
    factories to be exported all across the world.
    The South was based off of agriculture, utilizing
    plantations and enslaved labor to grow cotton and
    other goods. While both economies were vital for
    a productive country, the contrasting moral
    ideals of the North and South created tension.
    Politically, The North considered themselves the
    Union, a united force against slavery. The South
    created the Confederacy, which united states that
    were supportive of slavery. The Union and the
    Confederacy each had their own political views
    and to an extent, their own governments.

Question 4 - 10
  • Identify varying points of view regarding the
    main causes of the Civil War.

Answer 4 10
  • From the Souths point of view, the main cause of
    the Civil War was the need to defend their right
    to own slaves, as their economy depended on their
    labor in plantations. The North wanted to abolish
    inhumane captivity and treatment of African
    Americans and wanted to unite the country rather
    than be divided.

Question 4 - 20
  • Evaluate the constitutional issues relevant to
    the Civil War and Reconstruction.

Answer 4 20
  • After the Civil War, the 13th Amendment (outlaw
    of slavery), the 14th Amendment (all persons born
    in the United States are granted citizenship) and
    the 15th Amendment (the right to vote will not be
    denied due to ones race or ethnicity) were added
    to the Constitution. However, these were
    contradicted by the passing of the Black Codes,
    limiting the Norths Civil war efforts and
    disregarding the Constitution. Constant
    retaliation by the South made reconstruction
    efforts difficult.

Question 4 - 30
  • Identify the economic, political, and/or social
    consequences of Reconstruction.

Answer 4 30
  • The South was devastated after the Civil War.
    Southern planters returned home to find that the
    amount their property would sell for had
    plummeted. Small farms had been ruined.
  • The population had also dropped. Hundreds of
    thousands had died in the war.
  • Sharecropping and tenant farming came in to being
    during Reconstruction. Without their own land,
    African Americans, as well as poor white farmers,
    couldnt grow crops to sell or to feed their
    families. There was a lack of unity in the
    Republican Party. They had split into groups
    known as Scalawags, Carpetbaggers, and African
    Americans. They had this lack of unity because
    of there differing goals. In particular, few
    Scalawags shared the Republican commitment to
    civil rights for African Americans. White
    Southerners refused to accept the African
    Americans new status and fought the idea of
    equal rights.

Question 4 - 40
  • Identify and/or categorize the influence of
    significant people or groups on Reconstruction.

Answer 4 40
  • Lincoln
  • He was the President of the United States. He is
    also the one who created the Proclamation of
    Amnesty and Reconstruction. This plan angered a
    small group of Republicans in Congress known as
    Radical Republicans led by Charles Sumner
  • Senator Charles Sumner of Massachusetts and
    Representative Thaddeus Stevens of Pennsylvania
    were the leaders of the Radical Republicans.
    They wanted to destroy the political power of
    former slaveholders and wanted African Americans
    to be given full citizenship and the right to
  • Andrew Johnson was President after Lincoln. His
    plan was a little different than that of
    Lincolns plan. He tried to break the planters
    power by excluding high-ranking Confederates and
    wealthy landowners from taking the oath needed
    for voting privileges. This President ended up
    impeached. The Ku Klux Klan
  • They wanted to destroy the Republican Party
    because they wanted Civil Rights for everyone.
    The KKK didnt wanted this to happen. They were
    involved in lynching.

Question 4 - 50
  • Describe the issues that divided Republicans
    during the early Reconstruction era.

Answer 4 50
  • The Scalawags thought of their own power. Few
    were for African American vote. Some of them put
    down wealthy farmers so that they could grow.
  • Carpetbaggers were described as poor, in fact so
    poor that they came with all their possessions in
    a small carpet bag, a traveling bag made from
    carpeting. They wanted African American vote
    like the Africans themselves.

Question 5 - 10
  • Identify the significance and/or impact of the
    13th, 14th and 15th Amendments to the
    constitution on African Americans and other

Answer 5 10
  • The 13th Amendment finally abolished slavery and
    involuntary servitude unless used as a punishment
    of crime.
  • The 14th Amendment states that all citizen have
    the right to due process of law regardless of
    race, or any excuse to deny due process.
  • The 15th Amendment makes it illegal for the
    federal government and the states to use a
    citizens race, color, or previous status as a
    slave as a qualification for voting.
  • All of these amendments occurred during the
    reconstruction era to better the living of the
    African Americans as well as other races
    discriminated against.

Question 5 - 20
  • Explain how Jim Crow laws circumvented the intent
    and meaning of the 13th, 14th, 15th Amendments.

Answer 5 20
  • The 13th- 15th Amendments to the constitution had
    granted blacks the same legal protections as
    Whites. However, the Jim Crow laws restricted
    these rights. The Supreme Court weakened the
    Constitutional protections of blacks with the
    Plessy vs. Ferguson case, which legitimized Jim
    Crow Laws.
  • Plessy vs. Ferguson case Plessy claimed that
    the Jim Crow Laws violated his right to equal
    protection but the court ruled separate but equal
    did not violate anything.

Question 5 - 30
  • Analyze and/or explain the various components of
    the Jim Crow legislation and their effects on
    Southern minorities.

Answer 5 30
  • The Jim Crow Laws were a set of segregation laws
    that called for blacks and whites to maintain
    separate facilities in public and private.
  • People who were against this tried this (Plessy
    vs. Ferguson) in court got shot down because the
    court believed it sepreate but equal didnt
    violate the 14th Amendment.
  • Racial Segregation was put into effects in
    schools, parks, hospitals, and transportation

Question 5 - 40
  • Identify settlement patterns in the American
    West, the reservation system, and/or the
    tribulations of the native Americans from

Answer 5 40
  • In Western America, there were mostly Native
    Americans until the White settlers push westward
    into their territory (The Great Plains). Each
    Native Americans on the plain usually live in
    small extended family groups with ties to other
    bands that spoke the same language. Due to the
    Dawes Acts when white settlers aimed to
    Americanize Native Americans, they broke up the
    reservations and gave some of the land the
    individual Native Americans. They lost two third
    of their land and received not money from it.

Question 5 - 50
  • Assess short- and/or long term consequences of
    the Civil War.

Answer 5 50
  • Consequences of the Civil War
  • Short Term
  • The country was in peril, no one knew where to
    live. Blacks were fleeing North and lost family
  • James Polk began backing southern plantations
    instituting share cropping and wage labor. He
    also took back Sherman's issuing 40 acres and a
    mule, depression followed. And as in any war many
    deaths occurred. (600,000 about)
  • Long Term
  • This also had civil rights issues. The south
    would eventually introduce industrialization
    because it would no longer be solely
    agricultural. Eventually this led to a creation
    of a more democratic and just America.
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