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CHAPTER 24, 25, 26 NOTES

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UNIT 3 CHAPTER 24, 25, 26 NOTES Amphetamines Psychological dependence can result. Methamphetamine These are stimulants that have been used medically to treat certain ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CHAPTER 24, 25, 26 NOTES


1
UNIT 3
  • CHAPTER 24, 25, 26 NOTES

2
Unit Three Chapter 24
  • Essential Questions
  •  
  • Why is tobacco use a high risk behavior? What
    are the effects of tobacco on the body, and why
    should I choose to be tobacco free?

3
CHAPTER 24 NOTESTOBACCO
  • WHY YOUNG PEOPLE START SMOKING
  • EVERY DAY 6000 TEENS START SMOKING 3000 BECOME
    REGULAR SMOKERS
  • 90 OF ADULT SMOKERS STARTED AS A TEEN
  • 2.6 MILLON PACKS ARE SOLD ILLEGALLY EVERY DAY

4
DEATHS FROM SMOKING
  • 420 THOUSAND SMOKING
  • 105 THOUSAND ALCOHOL
  • 46 THOUSAND CAR ACCIDENTS
  • 31 THOUSAND SUICIDE

5
REASONS WHY TEENS START SMOKING
  1. TO SEEM OLDER, MORE SOPHISTICATED
  2. BECAUSE OF PEER PRESSURE
  3. DUE TO ADVERTISING
  4. BELIEF THEY CAN QUIT ANYTIME
  5. FOR THE SHORT TERM STIMULANT EFFECT
  6. FOR RELAXATION AND STRESS RELIEF

6
NICOTINE FACTS
  • NICOTINE IS A DEADLY POISON USED IN INSECTICIDES
  • CIGARETTES CONTAIN FORMALDEHYDE
  • CONTAIN CHEMICALS THAT MAKE PAINT,TOILET CLEANER
    AND ANTI FREEZE POISONS

7
WHAT IS IN CIGARETTES
  • NICOTINE THE ADDICTIVE DRUG
  • TAR
  • CARBON MONOXIDE
  • 43 CHEMICALS KNOWN TO CAUSE CANCER (CARCINOGENS)

8
OTHER FORMS OF TOBACCO
  • SMOKELESS TOBACCO
  • CIGARS
  • PIPES

9
ADDICTION
  • PHYSICAL BODY NEEDS IT
  • PYSCHOLOGICAL MIND NEEDS IT

10
DISEASES TO THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
  • CHRONIC BRONCHITIS
  • EMPHYSEMA
  • LUNG CANCER

11
DISEASES TO THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
  • MAKES THE HEART WORK HARDER
  • SPEEDS UP THE PULSE RATE
  • CONSTRICTS THE BLOOD VESSELS
  • CONTRIBUTES TO PLAQUE BUILD UP IN THE BLOOD
    VESSELS

12
DANGERS OF SMOKELESS TOBACCO
  • LEUKOPLAKIA
  • GUM DISEASE
  • LOOSE TEETH
  • BAD BREATH
  • ORAL CANCER

13
EFFECTS OF SMOKE ON NON SMOKER
  • PASSIVE SMOKE INHALED BY THE SMOKER AND IS IN
    A CLOSED ENVIROMENT
  • MAINSTREAM SMOKE SMOKE THAT THE SMOKER BLOWS
    OFF
  • SIDE STREAM SMOKE COMES FROM BURNING TOBACCO

14
SMOKING DURING PREGNANCY
  • 6200 DEATHS OF CHILDREN
  • 2800 DEATHS FROM LOW BIRTH WEIGHT
  • NICOTINE PASSES THROUGH THE PLACENTA TO THE BABY

15
CHOOSING TO BE TOBACCO FREE
  • NICOTINE WITHDRAWL
  • NICOTINE SUBSTITUTES
  • BENEFITS OF QUITTING
  • TIPS FOR QUITTING

16
UNIT 3
  • CHAPTER 25 NOTES

17
Unit Three Chapter 25
  • Essential Questions
  • Why is alcohol use a high risk behavior? What
    are the effects of alcohol on the body, and why
    should I choose to be alcohol free?

18
CHAPTER 25 NOTES
  • WHAT IS ALCOHOL
  • ALCOHOL AND TEENS

19
WHY YOUNG PEOPLE DRINK
  • TO ESCAPE PRESSURE
  • TO FEEL BETTER
  • TO DEAL WITH STRESS
  • TO FEEL MORE SELF CONFIDENT
  • BECAUSE THEIR FRIENDS ARE DOING IT

20
CHAPTER 25 CONTINUED
  • BLOOD ALCOHOL CONTENT
  • EFFECTS ON THE BODY
  • BRAIN CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
  • LIVER - FATTY ACID
  • BLOOD VESSELS
  • HEART
  • KIDNEYS
  • STOMACH

21
DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE
  • REDUCES THE ABILITY TO JUDGE DISTANCES
  • REDUCES THE ABILITY TO JUDGE YOUR OWN ABILITY
  • ADDS TO FORGETFULNESS
  • DISTORTS PERCEPTIONS

22
LONG TERM EFFECTS OF DRINKING
  • BRAIN DAMAGE
  • CHRONIC LIVER PROBLEMS
  • TOLERANCE AND DEPENDENCE
  • WITHDRAWL
  • SYNERGISTIC EFFECT

23
STAGES OF ALCOHOLISM
  • STAGE 1 SOCIAL DRINKING
  • STAGE 2 PERSON CANNOT STOP DRINKING
  • STAGE 3 DRINKING BECOMES MORE IMPORTANT THAN A
    PERSONS LIFE

24
UNIT 3
  • CHAPTER 26
  • Illegal Drugs

25
Unit Three Chapter 26
  • Essential Questions
  • What are the different types/effects of drugs,
    and why is drug use a high risk behavior? What
    strategies can I use to prevent drug abuse and
    remain drug free?

26
CHAPTER 26 NOTES
  • SUBSTANCE ABUSE
  • TRENDS IN TEEN USE
  • TEENS ARE STARTING YOUNGER
  • USE IN 12 17 YEAR OLDS DOUBLED FROM 1992 1996
  • IN 1996 ABOUT 9 OF TEENS USED DRUGS

27
WHY TEENS START USING DRUGS
  • THEY SEE THE FRIENDS/PARENTS USING
  • PEER PRESSURE
  • THEY WANT TO FIT IN
  • THEY SEE DRUGS GLAMORIZED ON TV AND IN THE MOVIES

28
DANGERS OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE
  • SYNERGISTIC EFFECT
  • STDS
  • TOLERANCE
  • PHYSIOLOGICAL DEPENDENCE
  • WITHDRAWL
  • PSYCHOLOIGICAL DEPENDENCE
  • ADDICTION

29
TYPES OF DRUGS
  • PSYCHOACTIVE
  • STIMULANTS
  • DEPRESSANTS
  • NARCOTICS

30
STEROIDS AND OTHER HARMFUL DRUGS
  • ANABOLIC STEROIDS
  • CANABIS AND DERIVATIVES
  • INHALANTS
  • DESIGNER DRUGS
  • LOOK ALIKE DRUGS

31
STIMULANTS
  • Drugs that speed up the central nervous system.
    Commonly abused stimulants are Amphetamines and
    Methamphetmines and cocaine. The nicotine in
    tabacco and caffeine in coffee, colas, tea and
    chocolate are also well know as stimulants.

32
Stimulants cont.
  • Stimulants cause increased heart rate and
    respiratory rate, high blood pressure, dilated
    pupils, and decreased appetite.
  • The pyschological effects include moodiness,
    restlessness, and anxiety.
  • Chronic users can experience hallucintaions and
    paranoia.

33
Amphetamines
  • They are stimulants that have an effect similar
    to that of sympathetic nervous system.
  • Some people use them to stay awake or improve
    athletic performance. This makes them dangerous
    as a person will develop a tolerance for them as
    well as a craving

34
Amphetamines
  • Psychological dependence can result.

35
Methamphetamine
  • These are stimulants that have been used
    medically to treat certain diseases such as
    Parkinsons and Obesity.
  • Illegal forms of the drug are called crank,
    speed, or ice.
  • The use of this drug can cause paranoia or even
    violence.

36
Depressants
  • A drug that tends to slow down the central
    nervous system
  • Alcohol , barbiturates, tranquilizers, and
    methaqualone are forms of depressants.
  • These drugs will relax the muscles, relieve
    feelings of tension and sleep. They are known to
    be a dependent drug.

37
Narcotics
  • Drugs derived from the opium plant that have a
    sedative effect.
  • Drugs that are used to treat some illness would
    be found in this category. Morphine and heroin
    are the two main drugs.
  • Narcotics cause drowsiness and can result in
    physiological dependence.

38
Hallucinogens
  • Drugs that are used to alter moods, thoughts, and
    sense perceptions, including vision, hearing,
    smell, and touch.
  • Most commonly used is PCP,LSD, mescaline.

39
Anabolic Steroids
  • Synthetic derivatives of the male hormone
    testosterone.
  • Helps to build muscle or reduce inflamation
  • Can cause mood swings, aggressive behavior, heart
    and liver damage, body hair and stroke

40
Cannabis Derivatives
  • Scientific name for hemp plant. Marijuana and
    Hemp
  • Both are hallucinogens that has the effects of
    both a depressant and a stimulant.
  • Can alter your senses, coordination and reaction
    time, hunger, parnoia, memory.
  • Long term effects damage to immune syst

41
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42
Inhalants
  • Substances with breathable fumes that are sniffed
    and inhaled to give a hallucinogenic or
    mind-altering high.
  • Glue, spray paints, aerosols, lighter fluid, and
    gasoline are most commonly used.
  • Results can be damaging to the kidneys, liver,
    bone marrow.
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