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1920s Review

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1920s Review How did WWI affect America? After the war, the U.S. didn t want to be involved in international affairs- Isolationism What is Communism? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 1920s Review


1
1920s Review
2
How did WWI affect America?
  • After the war, the U.S. didnt want to be
    involved in international affairs- Isolationism

3
What is Communism? Why were Americans afraid of
it?
  • Dictatorship with the government controlling all
    aspects of life
  • Promoted workers of the world having a
    revolution

4
Why was there an increase in strikes after WWI?
  • Workers had not been allowed to strike during the
    war
  • Prices had gone up, but wages had remained the
    same

5
Who helped settle the Boston Police Strike?
  • Calvin Coolidge

6
What was the Red Scare?
  • Fear of Communism spreading to the U.S.

7
What were some of the reasons that Sacco and
Vanzetti were found guilty?
  • Prejudiced jury against-
  • New immigrants
  • Admitted anarchists
  • Poor language skills

8
What were the Palmer Raids?
  • Attempt to find suspected Communists in the U.S.

9
Who won the 1920 Election? What Party was he
from?
  • Warren G. Harding
  • Republican

10
What was the 19th Amendment?
  • Gave women the right to vote

11
What was Warren Harding known for?
  • Pro-business
  • Return to Normalcy

12
What was normalcy?
  • Return to the way things had been
  • People felt that there had been too many changes
    in the first two decades of the 20th century

13
How did Calvin Coolidge become President? What
was he known for?
  • Vice-President when Harding died
  • Known for being honest, and quiet

14
What was the Ohio Gang?
  • Hardings friends that he appointed to important
    positions
  • Several were involved with scandals

15
What was the Teapot Dome Scandal?
  • Involved the illegal leasing of government oil
    fields

16
Who won the 1924 Election? What Party was he
from?
  • Calvin Coolidge
  • Republican

17
How were the Republican Presidents of the
Twenties pro-business?
  • Allowed business people to regulate business
  • Appointed Supreme Court justices that ruled for
    business

18
How did assembly lines increase efficiency?
  • Standardized parts
  • Job came to the worker
  • Workers only had to do one job

19
What types of advertising were there in the
twenties?
  • Radio
  • Newspapers
  • Billboards
  • Magazines

20
What is buying on credit?
  • Paying with installments after acquiring the
    product

21
How did education change in the Twenties?
  • More managers and accountants needed for the
    large corporations

22
What was the impact of radio?
  • Something that people could have in common
  • Big impact on advertising

23
Why were movies popular?
  • Inexpensive and an escape

24
What was significant about Jazz Singer? Steam
Boat Willie?
  • First talkie movie
  • First animated movie- Disney!

25
Why were sports so popular?
  • Economy was good, so people had the time and
    money to spend on them

26
Charles Lindbergh
  • 1st man to fly solo across the Atlantic

27
Amelia Earhart
  • Famous female pilot

28
Jack Dempsey
  • Heavyweight boxing champ

29
Babe Ruth
  • Baseball player for the Red Sox then Yankees

30
Gertrude Ederle
  • First person to swim across the English Chanel-
    France to England!

31
What were Flapper Girls?
  • Fashion icons of the 20s- bobbed hair, short
    dresses and party girls!

32
What was the Lost Generation?
  • Authors that rejected American materialism and
    headed to Europe

33
What was the Harlem Renaissance?
  • Flourishing of African American writers,
    musicians and artists

34
Louis Armstrong
  • Famous musician

35
Duke Ellington
  • Famous band leader

36
Langston Hughes
  • Famous black writer

37
Marcus Garvey
  • Black leader- believed that blacks would be
    better off going back to Africa

38
Why did the Great Migration occur?
  • African Americans headed north for jobs and to
    escape discrimination of the South

39
Why was the NAACP formed?
  • To help protect African Americans

40
In what ways was the KKK powerful?
  • Intimidated blacks, immigrants, Catholics, Jews
    and others
  • Influenced politicians to support their views

41
What did Fundamentalism represent?
  • Literal translation of the bible
  • Felt that America needed to be more religious

42
What was the result of the Scopes Trial?
  • Brought attention to the split in America between
    Fundamentalism and Progressives
  • Scopes found guilty

43
What was the role of William Jennings Bryan in
the trial?
  • Prosecutor- tried to find Scopes guilty

44
What was the role of Clarence Darrow in the trial?
  • Defense attorney for John Scopes

45
What was Nativism?
  • Preference for people born in America
  • Anti-immigrant

46
What was the Immigration Law of 1921?
  • Established a quota of 3 coming from a specific
    country related to the amount already in the U.S.
  • Based on 1910 census
  • Aimed to limit the amount of Immigrants from
    southern and eastern Europe

47
What was the Nations Origins Act (1924)?
  • Established a quota of 2 coming from a specific
    country related to the amount already in the U.S.
  • Based on 1890 census
  • Completely excluded Asians

48
Who supported Prohibition? Why?
  • Business Leaders- cut down on accidents and
    absenteeism
  • Doctors- reduce medical problems
  • Womens groups- reduce domestic abuse

49
What was the Volstead Act?
  • Enforced prohibition

50
Why was the Kellogg-Briand Pact pretty much
useless?
  • No way to enforce it

51
What were the three parts of the Dawes Plan?
  • U.S. Bankers lend money and make investments to
    Germany
  • Germany pays reparations to G.B. and France
  • G.B. and France repay WWI debts to the U.S.
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