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The Effects of the Prophet (pbuh)

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Sunna and Hadiths The Effects of the Prophet (pbuh) Sunna Contains the prophets wants and deeds. His words, deeds and habitual practices a pattern of behavior. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Effects of the Prophet (pbuh)


1
Sunna and Hadiths
  • The Effects of the Prophet (pbuh)

2
Sunna
  • Contains the prophets wants and deeds. His words,
    deeds and habitual practicesa pattern of
    behavior.
  • Hadith
  • Literary form of the Sunna. Being new and
    occurring, taking place, coming to pass. When
    referred to Muhammad and his companions it became
    tradition.

http//www.cmeis.cam.ac.uk/hadithsingle.jpg
3
Parts of the Hadith
4
Hadith Relayed
http//muttaqun.com/graphics/hadith-class1.gif
5
Classification of Hadith
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6
The Sharia
  • The Watering Hole

7
Hudud and Tazirat
  • Hudud
  • Are punishments based on the Quran or Sunna
    (divinely specified)
  • Tazirat
  • Are punishments left to the discretion of the
    judge.

8
Hudud
  • Theft
  • Amputation of hand
  • Fornication
  • 100 lashes
  • Adultery
  • Stoning to death
  • False accusation of unchastity
  • 80 lashes
  • Wine Drinking
  • 40 lashes (Imam Shafi) 80 for others

9
Schools of Law
  • Jurisprudence within Islam
  • fiqh

10
Sunni Schools of Law
  • There are Four Sunni schools of Jurisprudence
  • Abu Hanifa d. 767
  • The Hanifite School
  • Malik ibn Anas d. 795
  • The Maliki School
  • Muhammad ibn Idris al-Shafii d. 819
  • The Shafii School
  • Ahmad Hanbal d. 855
  • The Hanbali School

11
The Hanifite School
  • This is the Abu Hanifa Mosque in Baghdad
  • The School of Opinion It relies heavily on
    reason and Hanifa argued that reason should be
    the principal method by which interpretations
    should be made. This particular school is popular
    in Central and Western Asia (from Afghanistan to
    Turkey), Lower Egypt (Cairo and the Delta) and
    the Indian subcontinent.

http//cache.viewimages.com/xc/56736625.jpg?v1c
ViewImagesk2d17A4AD9FDB9CF19390335F8FA9CA92A61
E01BD3E62F07E1C474FC6B9CADF7309
12
The Maliki School
  • This is the signature of Malik ibn Anas
  • The School of Tradition It rejects free reason
    and emphasized the Hadith alone should guide the
    Muslim in all matters.

http//www.muslimheritage.com/uploads/malik2.jpg
13
The Shafii School
  • This is the mausoleum of Muhammad ibn Idris
    al-Shafii.
  • The Foundations of Jurisprudence This school
    was founded by the greatest single legal scholar
    in Islamic history, Muhammad ibn Idris
    al-Shafii. This well traveled scholar developed
    the standard for Islamic jurisprudence. For him
    it was
  • Quran
  • Sunna
  • Ijma (consensus of the community)
  • Qiyas (analogy)

http//www.discoverislamicart.org/images/ssmall/mo
numents/isl/eg/1/6/1.jpg
14
The Hanbali School
  • This is the signature of Ahmad ibn Hanbal
  • The Rightly Guided This school believes that
    only the Quran and the Hadiths can truly guide
    the believer. The school is extremely
    conservative and has spawned a rather
    fundamentalist school.

http//krawattenknoten.files.wordpress.com/2007/11
/ahmad-bin-hanbaljpg.jpg
15
Shiite Schools
16
Shiite Jurisprudence
  • Shrine of the Hidden Imam
  • Zaydis
  • The Ismailis
  • Ithna-asharis
  • Aka Twelvers
  • Aka Imamis

http//philae.sas.upenn.edu/Arabic/Arab20.gif
17
Twelver Shiite Jurisprudence
  • Shaikh al-Bufi (d. 1022)
  • Quran
  • Shiite tradition
  • Reason
  • Ijma (consensus) when agreed with Imam
  • Rejected analogy
  • Sharif al-Murtada (d. 1024)
  • Quran
  • Traditions
  • Rejected reason and One informer
  • al-Hasan at-Tusi (d. 1067) aka Shaikah at-Taifa
    (Sheikh of the Community)
  • Accepted traditions with one informer but had to
    be Shiite.
  • Called Twelvers because hey believe that the
    Prophet was followed by 12 Imams.

18
Tafseer
  • Exegesis

19
Exegete
  • Muslim scholars
  • Science of the Content of Revelation
  • Science of the Mecca and Medina Verses
  • Science of Abrogation
  • Science of Reputations of the Transmitters of the
    text.

20
The Five Principles
  • The categories of Acts

21
The Five Principles - ahkam
  • There are five categories of acts in Islam
  • fard or wajib
  • obligatory
  • mustahabb sunna, masnun, or mandub
  • recommended
  • mubah or jaiz
  • permissible
  • makruh
  • hated
  • haram
  • prohibited

http//www.ilmfruits.com/wp-content/uploads/ruling
_meter.jpg
22
fard or wajib
  • Duties and acts required by all Muslims
  • Iranian embassy in South Africa

http//www.iranembassy-sa.org.za/images/pic36.jpg
23
sunna, masnun, mandub or mustahabb
  • Duties and acts that are recommended but not
    required.
  • A little boy praying

http//bariisiyobasto.wordpress.com/2007/09/29/
24
jaiz or mubah
  • Indifferent actions
  • Aisha, an American Muslim child.

http//sisteraishah.com/kylie-sleeping-subhanallah
.jpg
25
makruh
  • Actions that are disapproved but not punished.
  • Two boys of the Kazakh and Kyrgyz people in
    Russia eating horse meat.

26
haram
  • Actions that are both forbidden and punished.
  • To the left pork sausage (haram) and to the right
    chicken sausage (halal).

http//www.azer.com/aiweb/categories/magazine/83_f
older/83_articles/83_islamic.html
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