Terrorism in the Modern World - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Terrorism in the Modern World

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Terrorism in the Modern World Vocabulary terms – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Terrorism in the Modern World


1
Terrorism in the Modern World
  • Vocabulary terms

2
Terrorism
  • Violence by non-governmental group against
    civilians to achieve political goals.

3
Taliban
  • Fundamental Muslim group, controlled Afghanistan
    and allowed terrorist networks safe haven

4
Patriot Act
  • Series of laws passed after 9/11, giving
    additional powers to intelligence agencies for
    the purpose of fighting terrorism

5
Osama Bin Laden
  • Native Saudi, who supported terrorism and founded
    his own terror network

6
State-Sponsored Terrorism
  • A nation that aids and supports specific terror
    organizations

7
Donald Rumsfeld
  • Former U.S. Secretary of Defense, developer of
    War on Terror strategies

8
Al-Qaeda
  • Terrorist group established by Osama Bin Laden,
    means the Base

9
Operation Cyclone
  • U.S. operation to aid and train Muslim fighters
    against the Soviet Union

10
Ramzi Yousef
  • Native Pakistani responsible for the 1993 World
    Trade Center bombing, serving life in U.S. prison

11
Hamas
  • A Palestinian militant organization and current
    government of the Palestinian people

12
Hezbollah
  • A shia para-military organization based in
    Lebanon, controlled in the most part by the
    Iranian government

13
Fatwa
  • An Islamic proclamation

14
Department of Homeland Security
  • Government organization responsible for
    protecting the territory of the U.S., established
    in 2002 (Michael Chertoff)

15
Preemptive War
  • Action taken on a perceived threat to gain
    strategic advantage

16
Mujahedeen
  • Muslim fighters organized in the 1980s to defeat
    the Soviet Union invasion of Afghanistan who
    received aid from the C.I.A.

17
Insurgency
  • An armed uprising, or revolt against a political
    authority, often using guerrilla warfare

18
Guantanamo Naval Base
  • U.S. Naval base and site of military prison for
    alleged military combatants

19
Ayman al-Zawahiri
  • Egyptian radical and cofounder of Al Qaeda

20
Jihad
  • Muslim term which means to struggle (inner
    spiritual struggle for self-control in order to
    do good)
  • Small loosely knit groups have embraced the
    concept of Jihad as a holy war against Western
    influences. They seek to upset the established
    order of government and give rise to an Islamic
    revolution

21
Operation Enduring Freedom - Afghanistan
  • October 7, 2001, American and British military
    forces began an operation responsible for the
    destruction of terrorist training camps and
    removal of the Taliban from Afghanistan

22
Operation Enduring Freedom Philippines
  • In January 2002, 1,200 members of United States
    Special Operations Command, Pacific (SOCPAC) were
    deployed to the Philippines to assist the Armed
    Forces of the Philippines (AFP) in uprooting the
    terrorist forces of al-Qaeda, Jemaah Islamiyah
    and the Abu Sayyaf Group

23
Operation Enduring Freedom - Horn of Africa
  • Unlike other operations contained in Operation
    Enduring Freedom, did not have a specific
    terrorist organization as a target. Instead it
    focuses its efforts to disrupt and detect
    terrorist activities in the region and to work
    with host nations to deny the reemergence of
    terrorist cells and activities
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