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Regents Review - Ancient Greece

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Classical Civilizations in the Mediterranean: Greece and Rome By: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H.S. Chappaqua, NY Reorganized and edited by Bobbie Clark – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Regents Review - Ancient Greece


1
Classical Civilizations in the Mediterranean
Greece and Rome
By Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley H.S.
Chappaqua, NY Reorganized and edited by Bobbie
Clark
2
The Geography of Greece
3
The Geography of Rome
4
Archaic Greece 1650 BCE - 700 BCE
5
Bronze Age Greece
6
Crete Minoan Civilization(Palace at Knossos)
7
Knossos Minoan Civilization
8
Minoan Civilization
9
The Mycenaean Civilization
10
Homer The Heroic Age
11
The Mask of Agamemnon
12
The History of Ancient Italy
13
Italy in 750 BCE
14
Influence of the Etruscans
  • Writing
  • Religion
  • The Arch

15
The Mythical Founding of RomeRomulus Remus
16
"Hellenic" (Classical) Greece 700 BCE - 324 BCE
17
ATHENS Yesterday Today
18
Piraeus Athens Port City
19
Early Athenian Lawgivers
  • Draco
  • draconian
  • Solon
  • Cleisthenes
  • created the first democracy!

20
Persian Wars 499 BCE 480 BCE
21
Persian Wars Famous Battles
  • Marathon (490 BCE)
  • 26 miles from Athens
  • Thermopylae (480 BCE)
  • 300 Spartans at the Mountain pass
  • Salamis (480 BCE)
  • Athenian navy victorious

22
Golden Age of Pericles460 BCE 429 BCE
23
Great Athenian Philosophers
  • Socrates
  • Know thyself!
  • question everything
  • only the pursuit of goodnessbrings happiness.
  • Plato
  • The Academy
  • The world of the FORMS
  • The Republic ? philosopher-king

24
Great Athenian Philosophers
  • Aristotle
  • The Lyceum
  • Golden Mean everything inmoderation.
  • Logic.
  • Scientific method.

25
Athens The Arts Sciences
  • DRAMA (tragedians)
  • Aeschylus
  • Sophocles
  • Euripides
  • THE SCIENCES
  • Pythagoras
  • Democritus ? all matter made up of
    small atoms.
  • Hippocrates ? Father of Medicine

26
Phidias Acropolis
27
The Acropolis Today
28
The Parthenon
29
The Agora
30
The Classical Greek Ideal
31
Olympia
32
The Ancient OlympicsAthletes Trainers
33
Olympia Temple to Hera
34
The 2004 Olympics
35
SPARTA
36
SPARTA
Helots ? Messenians enslaved by the
Spartans.
37
Peloponnesian Wars
38
Macedonia Under Philip II
39
The Roman Republic 509 BCE - 27 BCE
40
Republican Government
2 Consuls (Rulers of Rome)
Senate (Representative body for
patricians) Tribal Assembly
(Representative body for plebeians)
41
The Twelve Tables, 450 BCE
  • Providing political and socialrights for the
    plebeians.

42
The Roman Forum
43
Romes Early Road System
44
Roman Roads The Appian Way
45
The Roman Colosseum
46
The Colosseum Interior
47
The Colosseum Interior
48
Circus Maximus
49
Carthaginian Empire
50
Hannibals Route
51
Reform Leaders
  • Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus
  • the poor should be given grain and small plots of
    free land.

Military Reformer
  • Gaius Marius
  • recruited an army from the poorand homeless.
  • professional standing army.

52
Civil War Dictators
Julius Caesar
Pompey
53
Crossing the Rubicon, 49 BC
The Die is Cast!
54
The First Triumvirate
  • Julius Caesar
  • Marcus Licinius Crassus
  • Gaius Magnus Pompey

55
Beware the Ides of March!44 BCE
56
The Second Triumvirate
  • Octavian Augustus
  • Marc Antony
  • Marcus Lepidus

57
"Hellenistic" Greece 324 BCE - 100 BCE
58
Alexander the Great
59
Alexander the Greats Empire
60
Alexander the Great in Persia
61
The Hellenization of Asia
62
Pergamum A Hellenistic City
63
The Economy of the Hellenistic World
64
Hellenistic Philosophers
  • Cynics ? Diogenes
  • ignore social conventions avoid luxuries.
  • citizens of the world.
  • live a humble, simple life.
  • Epicurians ? Epicurus
  • avoid pain seek pleasure.
  • all excess leads to pain!
  • politics should be avoided.

65
Hellenistic Philosophers
  • Stoics ? Zeno
  • nature is the expansion of divine will.
  • concept of natural law.
  • get involved in politics, not for personal
    gain, but toperform virtuous acts for the good
    of all.
  • true happiness is found ingreat achievements.

66
Hellenism The Arts Sciences
  • Scientists / Mathematicians
  • Aristarchus ? heliocentric theory.
  • Euclid ? geometry
  • Archimedes ? pulley
  • Hellenistic Art
  • More realistic less ideal than Hellenic art.
  • Showed individual emotions, wrinkles, and age!

67
The Breakup of Alexanders Empire
68
The Roman Empire 27 BCE - 476 CE
69
Octavian AugustusRomes First Emperor
70
The First Roman Dynasty
71
Pax Romana 27 BCE 180 CE
72
The Greatest Extent of the Roman Empire 14 CE
73
The Rise of Christianity
74
St. Paul Apostle to the Gentiles
75
The Spread of Christianity
76
Imperial Roman Road System
77
Diocletian Splits the Empire in Two 294 CE
78
Constantine 312 - 337
79
Constantinople The 2nd Rome (Founded in 330)
80
Barbarian Invasions 4c-5c
81
Attila the HunThe Scourge of God
82
ByzantiumThe Eastern Roman Empire
83
The Byzantine EmpireDuring the Reign of Justinian
84
The Byzantine Emperor Justinian
85
The Legacy of Rome
  • Republic Government
  • Roman Law
  • Latin Language
  • Roman Catholic Church
  • City Planning
  • Romanesque Architectural Style
  • Roman Engineering
  • Aqueducts
  • Sewage systems
  • Dams
  • Cement
  • Arch

86
Rome vs. Greece
  • 1. Mighty empire vs. inept/Greek city-states
  • 2. Mastered engineering vs. scientific thought
  • 3. Western Europe-Greco Roman vs. Eastern Europe-
    Greek influence
  • 4. Shared- political ideas, religion, artistic
    styles, and economic structures

87
Religion
  • Christianity spread, but not a product of
    Christian/Roman Culture
  • Greco-Roman religion-naturegtgods and goddesses
  • Different names/interacted w/mortals/whims/soap
    opera
  • God Stories used to illustrate human passions-
    literature

88
Economy and Society
  • Difficulty Farming
  • Merchants- better than Chinese
  • Slavery- key component to agriculture and
    military expansion
  • Behind India and China in technology
  • Not as bad for women as China

89
Shout Out to the Persians
  • 550 BCE Cyrus the Great- massive Persian Empire
    across Middle East
  • Tolerant of local customs
  • Advanced iron technology
  • Zoroastrianism
  • Artistic lifestyle
  • Conquered by Alexander the Great
  • Persian language and culture survived in the 20th
    Century
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