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Ancient Greece

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... What types of occupations might Greek citizens develop ... Greeks The Minoans Existed on Crete before Greek Civilization Legendary in Greek culture, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Greece


1
Ancient Greece
  • 2000 B.C.E.-1000 B.C.E.

2
Overview of Greece
  • Physical Setting
  • Northeast End of the Mediterranean
  • Consists of Small Peninsulas
  • Geography
  • Short mountain ranges cut through mainland
  • Separate communities
  • Prevents Unity among Greeks
  • No clear river system
  • No unifying meeting place
  • Prevents Unity
  • Mild climate, good soil, sufficient rainfall
  • Farmers can grow grain, grapes, olives
  • Sheeps, Goats raised in mountains
  • Not enough to live on

3
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4
The Importance of Geography
  • Geography encourages trade
  • Long coastline allows all of mainland to be near
    sea
  • Islands surrounding have many good harbors
  • Question What types of occupations might Greek
    citizens develop?
  • (Farmers, fishermen, sailors, traders, explorers)

5
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6
The Predecessors of the Greeks
  • The Minoans
  • Existed on Crete before Greek Civilization
  • Legendary in Greek culture, verified in 1900 AD
  • Archaeologists discover Knossos (palace of King
    Minos)
  • Ruins, artifacts discovered since back up finding
  • Characteristics
  • Writing Linear A (Not been deciphered yet),
    Linear B (early form of Greek)
  • Well established by 2000 BC
  • Art created Frescoes (Wall paintings on plaster)
  • Dominated the Aegean Islands
  • 1500 BC Volcano destroys much of Minoan
    civilization

7
The Palace of King Minos King Minos
palace built as a labyrinth legendary home of
the Minotaur
8
Outside King Minos palace today
9
King Minos' governmental throne room.
10
The Mycenaeans
  • 2000 BC Groups from the North (Indo-European)
  • Culture develops around 1600 BC-1200 BC
  • Warlike group, conquered other areas
  • Conquered Crete, adopted much of Minoan
    civilization
  • 1200 BC Earthquakes destroy much of civilization

11
The palace in Mycenae was surrounded by massive
walls with a huge gateway called the Lion Gate
12
Mycenaen Civilization
  • Palaces in the city of Mycenae
  • served as the centers for government and economy
  • Government
  • Role of Tax collectors
  • kept track of the wealth of the people living in
    the kingdom
  • collected taxes on wheat, livestock, honey etc.

13
Mycenaen Civilization
  • Economy
  • tanned leather, sewed clothes, made jars for
    honey and olive oil, created bronze shields etc.
  • What did they learn from the Minoans?
  • used Minoan architecture as a model for their
    palaces
  • Metalworking--------shipbuilding
  • navigation------lead by the sun and stars
  • Religion- worshipped Earth Mother

14
Mycenaen Civilization
  • Why does the civilization come to an end?
  • Two Theories
  • 1. Infighting amongst the kingdoms
  • 2. Invasion by the Dorians

15
Dorians
  • Came in armed with iron weapons
  • called the dark age
  • Why?
  • Trade ended, poverty increased, literacy declined
  • refugees fled to Ionia
  • 750 B.C.- reintroduced culture, crafts, etc.
  • Founding of Hellenic Civilization
  • 700s B.C.- 350 B.C.
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