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Greek%20Mythology

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Greek Mythology Warm Up Questions What is a myth? (I know you ve answered this, but do it again please so we can discuss the answer) Why did the Greeks pray to many ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Greek%20Mythology


1
Greek Mythology
2
Warm Up Questions
  • What is a myth? (I know youve answered this, but
    do it again please so we can discuss the answer)
  • Why did the Greeks pray to many gods and
    goddesses
  • What does polytheistic mean?

3
Creation of Gods
  • Many natural disasters and human emotions were
    unexplainable to the ancient Greeks
  • The Greeks created fables (stories) about the
    creation of the world, and the birth of the gods
  • This way they could answer those unanswerable
    questions
  • Life, love, death, birth, earthquakes, tsunamis,
    volcano eruptions, rain, lightning etc.

4
Olympians
  • The Olympians were the main and strongest gods in
    Ancient Greek religion
  • Polytheism the worship of more than one god/gods
  • There were 12 main Olympians and they lived on
    Mount Olympus--the highest mountain in Greece
  • Why say the gods lived here?
  • The overthrew their ancestors, the Titans, and
    became rulers of the heavens and earth

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Olympians cont..
  • The gods had many human characteristics the
    looked human (most of them), they married, they
    felt anger, sadness, and all the human emotions
    we feel
  • However they never aged, and they never died
  • There were 12 total and their leader was Zeus

10
Zeus
  • The last child of the Titans Cronus and Rhea
  • His father, Cronus, jealous of his children,
    swallowed all of them
  • BUTZeus managed to escape and overthrew his
    father, setting his siblings free
  • He married his sister, Hera, but was not faithful
  • Zeus had many children due to his marriage and
    numerous affairs

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Zeus cont..
  • He sat on the golden throne at the highest point
    on Mount Olympus
  • He was the Lord of Justice, punishing those who
    lied, but was considered fair
  • Responsible for the weather, and the weather
    reflected his mood
  • Happy sunshine
  • Sad rain
  • Angry watch out!! Throw high winds, lightning
    bolts, and thunder to cause natural disasters

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Zeus cont..
  • Zeus powers had their limits
  • He could not intervene in the decisions of the
    Fates
  • Ones who have the power to decide mankinds
    outcomes
  • Very strong, and unpredictable
  • His symbols are thunderbolt (a gift from the
    Cyclopes because he freed them from Cronus) and
    the eagle

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Poseidon
  • Father and mother were Cronus and Rhea
  • Older brother of Zeus
  • The Greek god of the seas, responsible for
    various naturally occurring events
  • Earthquakes, floods, crumbling rocks, rough and
    calm seas
  • Main weapon was the Trident
  • So powerful the Trident was, it could shake the
    earth
  • Had palaces both on Mount Olympus, and at the
    very bottom of the seas
  • Preferred to stay here

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Poseidon cont..
  • Married to Amphitrite
  • His symbol was the Trident-a three pronged spear
  • Sacred animals were the dolphin and the horse
  • Which he made to impress a woman named Demeter

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Hades
  • Supreme Ruler of the Underworld
  • Not the god of death. Thanatos is the god of
    death
  • Think of Satan or the devil
  • Son of Cronus and Rhea
  • Brother to Zeus and Poseidon
  • Wife was Persephone
  • Kidnapped her from her mother Demeter and brought
    her to the underworld
  • Known as the rich one since he possess all the
    riches in the earth

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Hades cont..
  • Almost never does Hades leave the underworld
  • He prefers to live in darkness and silence
  • Hades had two helpers
  • Hermes who would bring the souls to the
    underworld
  • Charon who would take the souls across the
    river, Styx, from the living world to the world
    of the dead

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Hades cont..
  • He was known for having very sad features
  • A dark beard
  • Long, dark hair that came over his face
  • Dark, dark eyes
  • He does have a loyal dog
  • A soul eating, three headed dog names Cerberus
  • His sacred symbol was the helmet, which kept him
    invisible

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